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1 Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs): Paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) and hemicrania continua (HC)Jihad Yaqoob Ali Al Kharbooshi; Tommy Lik Hang Chan; J. Alexander FraserIn this narrated slideshow, we describe the pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnostic criteria, subtypes, workup, and management of hemicrania continua (HC) and paroxysmal hemicrania (PH).Hemicrania Continua; Paroxysmal Hemicrania; TAC, Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgia
2 Genetic Causes of Isolated Optic NeuropathyKathleen Ho; Devin MackayOverview of isolated genetic optic neuropathies and their neuro-ophthalmic manifestations with an illustrative case example and discussion of clinical presentation, relevant biochemistry, and testing.Genetics; Hereditary; MFN2; NDUFV1; OPA1; OPA3; Optic Atrophy; Optic Neuropathy; POLG; SPG7; WFS1
3 Retinal Vasculitis: Classification, Diagnosis, and TreatmentJonah Edward Yousif; Alejandra M. Maiz; Thérèse Maria Sassalos; Sangeeta KhannaThis manuscript discusses retinal vasculitis and its classification, diagnosis, and treatment. We first discuss the definition and symptoms of retinal vasculitis followed by its classification as a small-vessel vasculitis compared to large and medium vessel vasculitides. Following this, we describe ...Fluorescein Angiography; Retina; Retinal Vasculitis; Uveitis; Vasculitis
4 Macular EdemaStephanie Chau Nguyen; James Brian Davis; Amanda Dean HendersonMacular edema can result from pathologic extravasation of fluid through blood vessels in the macular region. This can be a feature of heritable diseases like dominantly inherited cystoid macular edema or acquired causes such as diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, retinal vein occlusions,...Anti-VEGF; Diabetes; DME; Macular Edema; OCT
5 Generative Adversarial Networks in OphthalmologyBabajide Olubusayo Owosela; Anjolaoluwa Popoola; Sachin KedarIn this video we will describe Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) models and its applications and limitations in Ophthalmology. GAN, a technique within machine learning, enables computers to utilize real data to generate valuable synthetic data, artificially produced information that mimics the s...Artificial Intelligence; Generative Adversarial Networks; Machine Learning; Synthetic Data
6 NANOS Illustrated Curriculum Section B IntroductionJason Peragallo, MDIntroduction video to the resources available in Section B of the NANOS Illustrated Curriculum.Afferent visual pathway; Efferent visual pathway, Pupillary visual pathway; Examination
7 Paraneoplastic Anti-Hu and Anti-CV2 Positive Ataxic (Cerebellar and Sensory Ganglionopathy) EncephalitisAnuj Rastogi; Rahul Sharma; Gustavo Saposnik; Alexandra MuccilliWe describe a case of an elderly man with Non-small Cell Lung Cancer, presenting with paraneoplastic Anti-Hu and Anti-CV2 positive encephalitis. He had both cerebellar ataxia and sensory ataxia, likely from the paraneoplastic induced cerebellar degeneration and sensory ganglionopathy, respectively. ...Anti-CV2; Anti-Hu; Ataxia; Cerebellar Ataxia; Encephalitis; Nystagmus; Sensory Ganglionopathy
8 Age Related Macular DegenerationRiya H. Patel; James Brian Davis; Amanda Dean HendersonAge-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative disease of the retina that causes central vision loss, and it is the leading cause of blindness in the developed world. Age is a strong nonmodifiable risk factor for AMD. Patients may have genetic susceptibility to AMD from mutations in genes ...AMD; AREDS2; Exudative; Geographic Atrophy; Macular Degeneration; Nonexudative
9 Lancaster Red-Green TestAngela Cao; Anne AbelThe Lancaster Red Green Test is used to assess ocular misalignment. This brief video explains how to administer and interpret the test.Diplopia; Lancaster Red Green Test; Strabismus
10 NANOS Illustrated Curriculum Section H IntroductionSean Gratton, MD; Zoë R. Williams, MDIntroduction video to the resources available in Section H of the NANOS Illustrated Curriculum.History, Neuro-ophthalmology; Principles of Practice, Neuro-Ophthalmology; Systems of Healthcare; Research, Neuro-ophthalmology
11 NANOS Illustrated Curriculum Section D IntroductionMeagan D. Seay, DO; Victoria S. Pelak, MDIntroduction video to the resources available in Section D of the NANOS Illustrated Curriculum.Lesions, Afferent Visual Pathway; Disorders, Afferent Visual Pathway; Pupillary Anatomy; Disorders, Pupillary Function; Lesions, Efferent Visual Pathway; Ocular Motility; Abnormal Eye Movements; Eyelids; Abnormal Facial Movements
12 NANOS Illustrated Curriculum Section G IntroductionMeagan D. Seay, DOIntroduction video to the resources available in Section G of the NANOS Illustrated Curriculum.Obesity, Management; Low Vision, Management; Genetic Diseases, Management; Patient Counseling
13 Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD)Rohith Erukulla; Brooke JohnsonThis is an introduction to Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD) and its causes, presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing related research.Dystrophy; Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy; FSHD; Myopathy
14 Overview of Medical Malpractice, Torts, and Tort ReformSarah Jacober; Sean GrattonThis is a brief narrated powerpoint, which serves as an introduction to the basics of medical malpractice. The definition and history of medical malpractice are explored. The relationship between medical malpractice and tort law are explained, and tort reform is introduced.Lawsuit; Malpractice; Medical Malpractice; Medicolegal; Tort Reform; Torts
15 Tilted-Disc Syndrome (TDS) - Understanding the BasicsAhmed Alshaikhsalama; Melanie Truong-LeThis submission is a powerpoint summarizing the literature on a poorly understood disorder known as Tilted Disc Syndrome (TDS). Delving into the fundamental aspects of TDS, this resource meticulously digests complex medical literature to inform readers on the epidemiology, risk factors, complication...Coloboma; Inferior Crescent; Tilted Disc Syndrome
16 NANOS Illustrated Curriculum Section F IntroductionKarl C. Golnik, MD, MEd; Clare Fraser, MDIntroduction video to the resources available in Section F of the NANOS Illustrated Curriculum.Surgery, Ophthalmic; Surgery, Neurological; Non-surgery procedures; Neurosurgery; Interventional neuroradiology; Neuro-ablation; Neuro-stimulation; Intraocular surgery; Botulinum toxin therapy
17 NANOS Illustrated Curriculum Section A IntroductionDevin D. Mackay, MD; Amanda D. Henderson, MDIntroduction video to the resources available in Section A of the NANOS Illustrated Curriculum.Anatomy, Visual Pathways; Anatomy, Eye; Anatomy, Orbit; Anatomy, Intracranial; Anatomy, Orbital Vascular; Cerebrospinal fluid
18 Diagnosis and Evaluation of Stroke in the PonsPadmaja Sudhakar; Fatai MomoduThis short power point describes the anatomy of the pons, followed by description of stroke in the pons along with clinical presentation and work up.Crossed Signs; One and Half Syndrome; Pontine Stroke
19 Financial Social Legal Implications of Genetic TestingJonathan Thomas; James Brian DavisGenetic testing looks for mutations in DNA and can give insight into genetic diseases. Costs associated with genetic testing are the testing itself, as well as genetic counseling. Test results may lead to further considerations, which may impact finances. Genetic test results can have a social impac...Financial; Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008; Genetic Testing; Legal; Social
20 Injury Prevention in the Visually ImpairedJonathan Thomas; James Brian Davis; Amanda Dean HendersonWith an aging population in the US, the number of those with visual impairments is also rising. Visual impairments increase the risk of falls, injuries, and other deficiencies, but there are several potential strategies to prevent these injuries. Members of the healthcare team can help visually impa...Fall; Injury Prevention; Low Vision Specialist; Visually Impaired
21 Hydroxychloroquine RetinopathyZoe Rebecca Williams, MD; David Allen DiLoreto Jr., MDThis powerpoint reviews hydroxychloroquine retinopathy including the clinical findings and the updated American Academy of Ophthalmology screening guidelines (revised in 2016). It includes images depicting the typical paracentral visual field loss, spectral domain optical coherence tomography findin...AAO Screening Guidelines; Fundus Autofluorescence; Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy; Outer Nuclear Layer Loss; Photoreceptor Loss; Retinal Pigment Epithelium Loss; Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
22 Headache Associated With Low or High Intracranial PressureYu Hsin Chen; Amanda Dean Henderson; James Brian DavisWhen intracranial pressure changes, the most common symptom is headache, which often has a positional component. We introduce various etiologies of headaches attributed to increased or low intracranial pressure, with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (or primary pseudotumor cerebri), post-dural p...CSF Leak; Headache; Intracranial Hypertension; Intracranial Hypotension; Papilledema; Pseudotumor Cerebri
23 A Case of Left Facial Pain Misdiagnosed as Migraine HeadacheHong JiangA 58-year-old female sought a second opinion due to a two-year duration of sporadic left facial pressure pain, along with irritation and dryness in her left eye. She has a well-documented history of episodic migraines characterized by throbbing headaches on the right side. She had been under the car...Dry Eye; Facial Nerve Schwannoma; Facial Pain
24 Worth 4-Dot TestAngela Cao; Anne AbelThis presentation describes the Worth 4-Dot test, demonstrates how to perform the test, and interpret results.Amblyopia; Diplopia; Worth 4-dot Test
25 The Mystery of Zero Ishihara Plates with 20/20 VisionVivian Paraskevi Douglas; Konstantinos Douglas; Nurhan TorunHerein we present a case of 71-year-old retired teacher who presented with difficulty reading over the past year. On examination, the patient had difficulty identifying even the control plate on Ishihara testing in both eyes (OU), despite intact color recognition. Humphrey visual field testing revea...Simultanagnosia; Neurodegeneration; Posterior Cortical Atrophy
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