Clinical questions raised by providers in the care of older adults: a prospective observational study

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Publication Type pre-print
School or College School of Medicine
Department Biomedical Informatics
Creator Del Fiol, Guilherme
Other Author Weber, A.I., Brunker, C.P., Weir, C.R.
Title Clinical questions raised by providers in the care of older adults: a prospective observational study
Date 2014-01-01
Description Objective: To characterise clinical questions raised by providers in the care of complex older adults in order to guide the design of interventions that can help providers answer these questions. Materials and methods: To elicit clinical questions, we observed and audio recorded outpatient visits at three healthcare organisations. At the end of each appointment, providers were asked to identify clinical questions raised in the visit. Providers rated their questions based on their urgency, importance to the patient's care and difficulty in finding a useful answer to. Transcripts of the audio recordings were analysed to identify ageing-specific factors that may have contributed to the nature of the questions. Results: We observed 36 patient visits with 10 providers at the three study sites. Providers raised 70 clinical questions (median of 2 clinical questions per patient seen; range 0-12), pursued 50 (71%) and successfully answered 34 (68%) of the questions they pursued. Overall, 36 (51%) of providers' questions were not answered. Over one-third of the questions were about treatment alternatives and adverse effects. All but two clinical questions were motivated either directly or indirectly by issues related to ageing, such as the normal physiological changes of ageing and diseases with higher prevalence in the elderly. Conclusions: The frequency of clinical questions was higher than in previous studies conducted in general primary care patient populations. Clinical questions were predominantly influenced by ageing-related issues. We propose a series of recommendations that may be used to guide the design of solutions to help providers answer their clinical questions in the care of older adults.
Type Text
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Volume 4
Issue 7
First Page 1
Last Page 7
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Del Fiol, G., Weber, A. I., Brunker, C. P., & Weir, C. R. (2014). Clinical questions raised by providers in the care of older adults: a prospective observational study. BMJ Open, 4(7), 1-7, e005315.
Rights Management (c) BMJ Publishing Group
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 649,371 bytes
Identifier uspace,18806
ARK ark:/87278/s6tj1ww8
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2016-02-02
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 713355
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6tj1ww8
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