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Title Waste Gas Firing in Process Heaters and Boilers
Creator Martin, Dr. Richard R.; Connally, Carl A.
Publisher Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
Date 1984
Spatial Coverage Tulsa, Oklahoma
Abstract . Increasing energy costs have led to heightened interest in energy conservation and more recently in the use of "alternate" fuels. Alternate fuels are considered to be fuels not normally encountered in plant operation and in addition have a low cost. Many alternate fuels meet the criteria of low cost but create other problems. An example is the use of coke as a fuel. Sulfur, fixed nitrogen and ash are often present in quantities that create significant environmental problems. These impurities coupled with incomplete combustion will create significant fouling of the heat transfer surfaces which in turn will reduce efficiency. Alternate fuels that usually do not create the above mentioned problems are gases that have high volume percentages of inert components such as water vapor, carbon dioxide and nitrogen. Often gases of this type have been considered to be wastes and have been vented to the atmosphere, flared or burned in an incinerator. Since many of these gases do not contain impurities that lead to pollution and heat transfer surface fouling, they can be used to fire conventional process heaters and boilers. However when these gases are used as a fuel, certain characteristics must be considered and properly compensated for in the design of the combustion equipment and process heater or boiler. Some characteristics that must be considered are: high volume flow rate of fuel and combustion products, low flame temperature, limits of flammability, and increased combustion volume.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights This material may be protected by copyright. Permission required for use in any form. For further information please contact the American Flame Research Committee.
Conversion Specifications Original scanned with Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II, 16.7 megapixel digital camera and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed TIFF, 16 bit depth.
Scanning Technician Cliodhna Davis
Metadata Cataloger Kendra Yates
ARK ark:/87278/s6q242sc
Setname uu_afrc
Date Created 2012-04-11
Date Modified 2012-08-14
ID 1470
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6q242sc

Page Metadata

Title Page 1
Format application/pdf
OCR Text Show
Setname uu_afrc
Date Created 2012-04-11
Date Modified 2012-04-11
ID 1456
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6q242sc/1456