Water-quality trends in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin using sediment cores from reservoirs

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Title Water-quality trends in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin using sediment cores from reservoirs
Creator Van Metre, Peter C.; Mahler, B. J.; Callender, Edward C.
Subject Water quality; Water quality management; Water -- Pollution; Organic wastes; Sediments (Geology)
Spatial Coverage Rio Grande; New Mexico; Mexico; Texas;Colorado
Description Water-quality trends reflect the relation between water quality and human activities, chronicling changes in concentrations of environmental contaminants, introduction of new contaminants, and successful efforts in environmental pollution remediation. Historical data available for analyzing trends often have severe limitations, from questionable accuracy to unknown sampling and analytic methodologies. Where data are unavailable or have such limitations, water-quality trends sometimes can be reconstructed using sediment cores from lakes and reservoirs (Eisenreich and others, 1989; Van Metre and Callender, 1996, 1997). The purpose of this fact sheet is to summarize the findings of a study to assess historical changes in surface-water quality in the Rio Grande Basin by analyzing changes in sediment chemistry in cores from three reservoirs: Elephant Butte Reservoir, Amistad International Reservoir, and Falcon International Reservoir. Sediments that erode from the land surface are transported by tributaries into the Rio Grande/Río Bravo. Metals and some persistent pesticides and industrial organic compounds sorb to these sediments, which eventually accumulate at the bottom of the reservoirs or are transported to the Gulf of Mexico. Although use of reservoir cores has limitations-for example, the cores do not record trends in non-persistent compounds-in many cases the data provide a partial historical record of water quality. In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey began full implementation of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program (Leahy and others, 1990). Also in 1991, the State of Texas established the Clean Rivers Program administered by the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission. The coring study reported here was a collaborative effort between the NAWQA Program and the CRP Rio Grande Border Environmental Assessment Team, with additional funding support from the El Paso County Water Improvement District No. 1.
Publisher U. S. Geological Survey
Date 1997
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Digitization Specifications pdf file copied from USGS website (http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/fs/fs22196). Uploaded into CONTENTdm version 3.7.
Identifier http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/fs/fs22196
Source Van Metre, Peter C.; Mahler, B. J.; Callender, Edward C., Water-quality trends in the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Basin using sediment cores from reservoirs: U.S. Geological Survey Factsheet 221-96, 8p.
Language eng
Rights Management Public Domain, Courtesy of the USGS
Holding Institution University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Kristin Willmore
ARK ark:/87278/s6xd10mg
Setname wwdl_er
Date Created 2005-08-23
Date Modified 2005-08-23
ID 1145845
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6xd10mg