Towards a neuroprosthetic arm

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Engineering
Department Bioengineering
Creator Horch, Kenneth W.
Other Author Dhillon, Gurpreet
Title Towards a neuroprosthetic arm
Date 2006
Description Evidence indicates that user acceptance of modern artificial limbs by amputees would be significantly enhanced by a system that provides appropriate, graded, distally referred sensations of touch and joint movement, and that the functionality of limb prostheses would be improved by a more natural control mechanism. We have recently demonstrated that it is possible to implant electrodes within individual fascicles of peripheral nerve stumps in amputees, that stimulation through these electrodes can produce graded, discrete sensations of touch or movement referred to the amputee's phantom hand, and that recordings of motor neuron activity associated with attempted movements of the phantom limb through these electrodes can be used as graded control signals. We report here that this approach allows amputees to both judge and set grip force and joint position in an artificial arm, in the absence of visual input, thus providing a substrate for better integration of the artificial limb into the amputee's body image. We believe this to be the first demonstration of direct neural feedback from and direct neural control of an artificial arm in amputees.
Type Text
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
First Page 1125
Last Page 1128
DOI 10.1109/BIOROB.2006.1639243
Subject Neuroprosthetic arm; Peripheral nerve; Neuroprosthetics; Amputee
Subject LCSH Nerves, Peripheral; Prosthesis; Neuroprostheses -- Research; Artificial limbs
Language eng
Conference Title The First IEEE/RAS-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 2006. BioRob 2006.; February 20-22, 2006; Pisa, Italy
Bibliographic Citation Horch, K. W., & Dhillon, G. (2006). Towards a neuroprosthetic arm. Proceedings of the First IEEE/RAS-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 1639243, 1125-8.
Rights Management (c) 2006 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 130,884 bytes
Identifier ir-main,11566
ARK ark:/87278/s6v70355
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 706489
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