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IdentifierTitleHistorySubject
1 83_'Histoplasmic' Chorioretinopathy'Histoplasmic' ChorioretinopathyPresenting Symptom: Optic atrophy. Pathology: Peripheral white spots OU. The fundus periphery had multiple atrophic spots without evident inflammation. Both eyes showed the peripheral white spots, and the left fundus later showed the same central process as the right. Disease/ Diagnosis: Chorioretin...Retina; Histoplasmosis; Central Serous Chorioretinopathy; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
2 82_'Histoplasmic' Chorioretinopathy''Histoplasmic' Chorioretinopathy'Presenting Symptom: Blurred vision OU; Optic atrophy. Pathology: Retinal hemorrhage. Clinical: The patient was a 47-year old female who had recurrent blurring of vision over a 3-year period. Among the usual skin tests, only that for histoplasmin was positive. The right fundus showed a central opacit...Retina; Chorioretinitis; Histoplasmosis; Histoplasmin; Retinal Hemorrhage; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
3 NOVEL_Cogan_39-1Acquired Nystagmus in Childhoodunusual nystagmus with diencephalic tumor; high frequency nystagmus with head bobbling; 20/20 vision with high degree of nystamus (congenital) Presenting Symptom: inverted OKN; head nodding; face turn. Pathology: large glioma biopsiedEye Movement Recordings; Nystagmus, Congenital vs Acquired; Spasmus Nutans; Nystagmus, Optokinetic; Nystagmus, Specific Types and Their Localizing Calue
4 25_Acute Obstruction of the Central Retinal Artery without Involvement of the Cilioretinal ArteryAcute Obstruction of the Central Retinal Artery without Involvement of the Cilioretinal ArteryPresenting Symptom: Loss of vision OD. Pathology; Embolism. Clinical: Two cilioretinal arteries emerge from the temporal edge of the disc (separated by the macular vein). Since these arteries derive from the choroidal circulation, they are not involved in obstruction of the retinal artery, and the c...Retina; Retinal Artery Occlusion; Retinal Artery; Embolism; Macula Lutea; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
5 26_Acute Obstruction of the Cilioretinal Artery without involvement of the Retinal ArteryAcute Obstruction of the Cilioretinal Artery without involvement of the Retinal ArteryPresenting Symptom: Focal occlusion; Retinal opacity. Pathology: Retinal hemorrhage. Clinical: A single cilioretinal artery emerges from the temporal side of the disc. The upper half of the central retina, including the upper half of the macula, shows an opacification of the retina corresponding to ...Retina; Retinal Artery Occlusion; Retinal Artery; Retinal Hemorrhage; Macula Lutea; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
6 27_Acute Occlusion of Central Retinal Artery with Sickle Cell Thalassemia HemoglobinopathyAcute Occlusion of Central Retinal Artery with Sickle Cell Thalassemia HemoglobinopathyPresenting Symptom: Occluded retinal artery. Pathology: Retinal artery occlusion. Clinical: The patient was a 44-year old male who had had a confirmed sickle cell thalassemia hemoglobinopathy established at age 28 following a splenic infarct. A splenectomy was performed; he remained asymptomatic unt...Retina; Hemoglobin, Sickle; Thalassemia; Hemoglobinopathies; Retinal Artery Occlusion; Retinal Artery; Macula Lutea; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
7 88_Acute Papilledema; Cystic FibrosisAcute Papilledema; Cystic FibrosisPresenting Symptom: Peripapillary hemorrhage. Pathology: Intracranial hypertension. Clinical: The patient was a 17-year old male with cystic fibrosis and increased intracranial pressure. The fundi showed elevation of the nerve head, considerable congestion of the veins and multiple peripapillary hem...Retina; Papilledema; Retinal Vessels; Intracranial Pressure; Retinal Hemorrhage; Cystic Fibrosis; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
8 NOVEL_Cogan_22-2AgnosiaClinical Signs: left hemianopia. Presenting Symptom: over-reaching for object; normal visual acuity; difficulty identifying objects; difficulty in spatial relations. History: Episodes of disorientation. Disease/ Diagnosis: Agnosia.Agnosias; Tactile Agnosia
9 NOVEL_Cogan_25-1Agnosia27 year old right-handed patient with epileptic seizures since age 14; just coming out of a petit mal attack and is disoriented. Presenting Symptom: memory loss; some difficulty reading and writing. Disease/Diagnosis: EpilepsySeizures, Neuro-Ophthalmologic Manifestations; Agnosias; Post-Epileptic Seizure
10 NOVEL_Cogan_23-5Agraphia (with associated alexia); Agnosias32 year old male; partial pneumonectomy 2 weeks prior; post-operative difficulty finding objects, with memory; confabulates to circumvent memory deficit. Disease/Diagnosis: Dyslexia, Acquired; Agraphia; AgnosiaAgraphia (with Associated Alexia); Agnosias; Pneumonectomy
11 NOVEL_Cogan_23-6Agraphia (with associated alexia); Agnosias32 year old male; partial pneumonectomy 3 weeks prior; post-operative difficulty finding objects and with memory; confabulates to circumvent memory deficit. Presenting Symptom: visual function has improved significantly since the earlier recording (5 days prior); memory remains profoundly deficient;...Agraphia (with Associated Alexia); Agnosias; Pneumonectomy
12 NOVEL_Cogan_21-6Agraphia (with associated alexia)Clinical Signs: symmetrical opto-kinetic response. 42 year old right-handed male; vague symptoms dating 2 months with acute symptoms for past 2 weeks, especially in calculations; occasional difficulties with speech, writing, and dressing. Disease/ Diagnosis: Acquired Agraphia; Dyscalculia; Alexia, P...Eye Movement Recordings; Agraphia (with associated alexia); Aphasia; Dyscalculia; Alexia; Dysgraphia; Dressing Ataxia
13 NOVEL_Cogan_22-1Agraphia (with associated alexia)difficulty in dressing; episodes of disorientation. Presenting Symptom. over-reaching for object; normal visual acuity; difficulty identifying objects; difficulty in spatial relations. Disease/ Diagnosis: Dyslexia, Acquired; Agraphia; AgnosiaAgraphia (with Associated Alexia); Agnosias; Dyslexia; Apraxia
14 NOVEL_Cogan_22-3Agraphia (with associated alexia)Presenting Symptom: ongoing difficulty with reading. History: initial episode 2 years ago; 46 year old male; unusually articulate; has an objective insight into episodes; passed out and fell down stairs; unconscious for 2 weeks; took several days to recognize his wife; speech impairment. Disease/ Di...Agraphia (with Associated Alexia); Prosopagnosia; Apraxia; Dyslexia
15 NOVEL_Cogan_16-1Alzheimer'sHistory: 11/26/75: Patient of Dr. Kolsky's examined by Bob Yee. The patient is a 65 year old woman with pre-senile dementia and abnormal opticokinetic response. The history is that at the age of 60 her recent and past memory became poor and she developed a vertical and horizontal diplopia at near an...Alzheimer's; Eye Movement Recordings; Eye Movement Systems Pathology
16 NOVEL_Cogan_16-2Alzheimer'sHistory and Presenting Symptom: 11/26/75: Patient of Dr. Kolsky's examined by Bob Yee. The patient is a 65 year old woman with pre-senile dementia and abnormal opticokinetic response. The history is that at the age of 60 her recent and past memory became poor and she developed a vertical and horizon...Alzheimer's
17 71_Angioid Streaks with Deep HemorrhageAngioid Streaks with Deep HemorrhagePresenting Symptom: Loss of central vision OD. Pathology: Hemorrhage. Clinical: The patient was a 46-year old male with typical angioid streaks evident about the discs. He had recently lost central vision in the right eye due to hemorrhage which can just be seen at the left of the picture. Disease/ ...Retina; Angioid Streaks; Rupture; Retinal Hemorrhage; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
18 72_Angioid Streaks with Deep HemorrhageAngioid Streaks with Deep HemorrhagePresenting Symptom: Retinal hemorrhage. Pathology: Retinal hemorrhage. Clinical: Photograph of the same eye showing deep hemorrhage. These hemorrhages are apt to occur at the time of rupture of Bruch's membrane and may be precipitated by trauma. Disease/ Diagnosis: Rupture of the lamina basalis chor...Retina; Retinal Hemorrhage; Bruch Membrane; Rupture; Angioid Streaks; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
19 70_Angioid Streaks with Paget's DiseaseAngioid Streaks with Paget's DiseasePresenting Symptom: Angioid streaks. Pathology: Sarcoma. Clinical: The patient was a 53-year old male with generalized Paget's disease and osteogenic sarcoma of the jaw and pelvis. He had no visual complaint, but both fundi showed angioid streaks. These consisted of radiating dark lines extending fr...Retina; Retinal Pigment Epithelium; Osteitis Deformans; Osteosarcoma; Angioid Streaks; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
20 20_Angulation at AV CrossingAngulation at AV CrossingPresenting Symptom: Optic disk compression. Pathology: Retinopathy. Clinical: The fundus of a 67-year old female with chloroquine retinopathy. Of incidental interest is the angulation of the AV crossing about one disc diameter below the disc and the compression of the disc. Disease/ Diagnosis: Chlor...Retina; Chloroquine; Retinal Degeneration; Retinal Vessels; Retinal Vein Occlusion; Optic Disk; Fundus Oculi
21 NOVEL_Cogan_5-1Arnold Chiari MalformationPresenting Symptom: vertigo; imbalance. 2-11-80: Pt seen at JHH with David Zee. Sx began 10-12 yrs ago with vertigo on defecation, hearty laughing, sneezing, or with anger. Devel an ataxic gait. Increasing recently. Diagnosis mad of Arnold Chiari on basis of myelogram and pt had a decompression whic...Chiari Malformation
22 NOVEL_Cogan_5-2Arnold Chiari MalformationClinical Signs: coarse horizontal nystagmus; occasional vertical component. Presenting Symptom: vertigo. History: 2-11-80: Pt seen at JHH with Dr. David Zee. PP is a 35 year old man with peculia affect. Symptoms began 16 yrs. Ago with illus. ov.of environment; cd. Be stopped by tilting head. Gait h...Chiari Malformation
23 NOVEL_Cogan_5-3Arnold Chiari MalformationClinical Signs: short neck; esotropia since childhood; horizontal nystagmus; cogwheel pursuit; ill-sustained vertical nystagmus; poor vestibular suppression; poor optokinetic response to drum; difficulty swallowing. Presenting Symptom: headache and neck pain w/ sneeze or cough. 1-9-80: 63 yr old man...Chiari Malformation
24 NOVEL_Cogan_6-1Arnold Chiari MalformationPresenting Symptom: downbeat nystagmus; hypometria to the right. 5-27-82: 32 year old man of short stature and overweight. Referred by Dr. Zee for study of down beat nystagmus. Has always had a short stocky neck and has had periodic apnea (2nd patient of Dr. Zee's with down beat nystagmus and interm...Chiari Malformation
25 NOVEL_Cogan_1-9Arnold Chiari Malformation / Parkinson's DiseaseClinical Signs: downward jerking of eyes every 1-2 sec; nystagmus. 12-14-82: 50 yr. old woman who has been followed with a Dx of Parkinson's for 9 years with presenting Sx of progressive (?) stiffness of legs but not of arms. The conspicuous eye signs are down-beat nystagmus and poor pursuit and poo...Posterior Cranial Fossa
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