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151 Hawkes, KristenFamily provisioning is not the only reason men huntGurven and Hill (2009) ask, "Why do mean hunt?" As they say, "The observation that mean hunt and women gather supported the simplistic view of marriage as a cooperative enterprise. Greater sophistication suggests that males may often be motivated by mating and status rather than offspring investment...2010-01-01
152 Korinek, KimFamily relations and the experience of loneliness among older adults in Eastern EuropeIn this paper I conceptualize and analyze the determinants of loneliness among older adults in Russia and Bulgaria, two former communist societies experiencing myriad and challenging transitions - economically, demographically, and socially. Using the Generations and Gender Survey (2004) I conduct ...2009
153 Zimmer, ZacharyFamily size and support of older adults in urban and rural China: current effects and future implicationsChina will experience rapid growth in the proportion and number of older people in its population in the near future as a consequence of an extraordinarily rapid decline in fertility over the past several decades. Total fertility rates were as high as 7.5 in the early 1950s, but have fallen to below...Urban China; Rural China; Support; Older adults; One-child policy2003
154 Kowaleski-Jones, LoriFamily structure and child well-being: examining the role of parental social connectionsThis paper examines the role of parental social connections in accounting for subgroup differences in the influence of family structure on children. Our previous work found that white, but not black, children were negatively influenced by living in a singleparent family (Dunifon and Kowaleski-Jon...Sociology; Parenting; Offspring2003-10-03
155 Wolfinger, Nicholas H.Family structure and voter turnoutWe use data from the Voting and Registration Supplement of the Current Population Survey to explore the effects of family structure on turnout in the 2000 presidential election. Our results indicate that family structure, defined as marital status and the presence of children, has substantial implic...United States; Politics; Democracy; Families; Demography2006-09-19
156 Zick, Cathleen D.Family, frailty, and fatal futures? Own-health and family-health predictors of subjective life expectancySubjective life expectancy is a powerful predictor of a variety of health and economic behaviors. This research expands upon the life expectancy literature by examining the influence of familial health histories. Using a genetic/environmental model, we hypothesize that individuals' assessments of th...2014-01-01
157 Utz, Rebecca L.Feeling lonely vs. being alone: loneliness and social support among recently bereaved personsObjectives: Despite increases in social support following widowhood, loneliness is among the most frequently reported challenges of bereavement. This analysis explores the dynamic relationship between social support and loneliness among recently bereaved older adults. Methods: Using longitudinal dat...2014-01-01
158 McDaniel, SusanFeminist scholarship in sociology: transformation from within?Few revolutions, epistemological or otherwise, begin in academia. And yet, knowledge producers always play some role in revolutions of any kind, including epistemological revolutions. This paper is in the spirit of recent debates in the Canadian Journal of Sociology about the end of modern sociology...Feminist sociology; Social reality1991
159 Smith, Ken R.Fertility and post-reproductive longevityWe examine the effects of reproduction on longevity among mothers and fathers after age 60. This study is motivated by evolutionary theories of aging and theories predicting social benefits and costs of children to older parents. We use the Utah Population Database, that includes a large genealogic...Fertility; Post-reproductiivity; Longevity2002
160 Smith, Ken R.Fertility intentions following testing for a BRCA1 gene mutationObjective: To test whether fertility intentions differed among persons who tested positive, tested negative, or did not know their genetic status for a mutation of the BRCA1 gene. Method: Participants were members of a large Utah-based kindred with an identified mutation at the BRCA1 locus. Particip...Genetic testing; Fertility; Risk notification: BRCA12004
161 Broughton, JohnFish remains dominate Barn Owl pellets in northwestern NevadaThe foraging ecology of the Barn Owl (Tytoalba) has been studied extensively, both in the New World (Marti 1988, Castro and Jaksic 1995, Van Vuren and Moore 1998, and others) and the Old World (Glue 1967, Yom-Tov and Wool 1997, and others). Small rodents, insectivores, and small birds are generally ...Barn Owl pellets; Northwestern Nevada; Fish; Fish remains2006
162 White, Paul H.Flexible correction processes in social judgment: implications for persuasionTwo experiments were conducted to examine correction for perceived bias in persuasion situations. Study 1 showed that, although a manipulation of source likability had an impact on attitudes when no instruction to remove bias was present, when people were asked to remove any bias from their judgmen...Manipulation; Likability; Biasing1998
163 Hawkes, KristenFood sharing among Ache hunter-gatherers of Eastern ParaguayEmpirical research on food sharing among hunter-gatherers should provide critical data for evaluating both the possible role of food sharing in hominid evolution and the question of how such behavior could be selected.Hunter-gatherers; Ache; Paraguay; Anthropology1988-02
164 Waitzman, Norman J.For cost-reducing technologies, knowing markets is to change themSponsored research from a NSF Foundation/Whitaker Foundation initiative on cost-reducing technologies brought together faculty from engineering, medicine, and social sciences to link economic and policy assessments to engineering design. The technology under development is to be an inexpensive, e...Cost-reducing technologies; PKU monitors2003
165 Hartmann, Donald P.Forcing square pegs into round holes: Some comments on "An Analysis-of-Variance Model for the Intrasubject Replication DesignThis paper critically examines the application of fixed-effect one-way analysis-of-variance procedures to learning data from a single subject. Procedures more appropriate for data obtained from intrasubject replication designs are briefly described.ANOVA; Variance analysis; Behavior analysis1974
166 Fowles, RichardForecasting the probability of failure of Thailand's financial companies in the Asian financial crisisThe financial crisis in Southeast Asia has gained widespread attention.1 In particular, the financial problems in Thailand since early February 1997 have been a major focus of this attention. Even enthusiasts for the McKinnon-Shaw arguments for financial liberalization (eliminating financial repres...2002
167 Rogers, Alan R.; Jorde, Lynn B.Founder effect: assessment of variation in genetic contributions among foundersWe present a Monte Carlo method for determining the distribution of founders' genetic contributions to descendant cohorts. The simulation of genes through known pedigrees generates the probability distributions of contributed genes in recent cohorts of descendants, their means, and their variances.1994
168 McDaniel, SusanGenerational consciousness of and for womenRelying and building on an analytical framework of gendered generation, the question is posed of whether there is a greater or lesser interconnected consciousness among generations of women. Generational consciousness for women may be both thicker and more britte than it is for men. Both patriarchy...Gendered generations; Feminism; Generational consciousness2002
169 Rogers, Alan R.Genetic evidence for a Pleistocene population explosionExpansions of population size leave characteristic signatures in mitochondrial "mismatch distributions." Consequently, these distributions can inform us about the history of changes in population size. Here, I study a simple model of population history that assumes that, t generations before the pr...1995
170 Rogers, Alan R.; Jorde, Lynn B.Genetic evidence on modern human originsA review of genetic evidence leads to the following conclusions concerning human population history: (1) Between 33,000 and 150,000 years ago the human population expanded from an initial size of perhaps 10,000 breeding individuals, reaching a size of at least 300,000. (2) Although the initial popu...Population history; Mitochondrial DNA; Mismatch distribution; Intermatch distribution; Replacement hypothesis; Population bottlenecks1995
171 Rogers, Alan R.Genetic relatedness to sisters children has been underestimatedMales of many species help in the care and provisioning of offspring, and these investments often correlate with genetic relatedness. For example, many human males invest in the children of sisters, and this is especially so where men are less likely to share genes with children of wives. Although t...2013-01-01
172 Rogers, Alan R.; Harpending, Henry C.Genetic structure of ancient human populationsDiscusses mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences as important source of data about the history of human species.Tree of descent; Mismatch distributions; Simulations; Findings; Intermatch distributions; Younger and older populations2001-09-15
173 Rogers, Alan R.; Jorde, Lynn B.Genetic structure of the Utah Mormons: comparison of results based on RFLPs, blood groups, migration matrices, isonymy, and pedigreesThe genetic structure of the Utah Mormon population is examined using 25 blood group and 47 RFLP alleles obtained from 442 subjects living in 8 geographic subdivisions. Nei's Gst was 0.013 (p < 0.002) for the RFLP data and 0.012 (p > 0.4) for the blood group data, showing that only 1% of the geneti...1994
174 Rogers, Alan R.Genetic variation at the MCIR Locus and the time since loss of human body hairThe melanocortin I receptor (MCIR) locus makes a protein that affects the color of skin and hair. At this locus, amino-acid differences are entirely absent among African humans, abundant among non-Africans (especially Europeans), and abundant in chimpanzee/human comparisons (Rana et al. 1999, Hardin...Nonsynonymous; Chimpanzee; Constraint2004
175 Nicoll, KathleenGeobiology and sedimentology of the hypersaline Great Salt Lake, Northern Utah, USA: analogues for assessing watery environments on Mars?The hypersaline Great Salt Lake (GSL) of northern Utah, USA is a critical regional ecosystem that has not been examined in detail from a geobiological perspective. There are presently only a handful of studies on the biota of this shallow water closed-lake system [1]. Despite interest from industrie...2010
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