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151 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyA 29-year-old African American woman presented with headaches, bilateral transient visual obscurations, blurred vision, numbness, and weakness of the lower extremities with myalgia and joint pains. She had an unplanned 12-pound weight loss over 2 months. A neurologist and internist diagnosed her wit...
152 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyA 29-year-old African American woman presented with headaches, bilateral transient visual obscurations, blurred vision, numbness, and weakness of the lower extremities with myalgia and joint pains. She had an unplanned 12-pound weight loss over 2 months. A neurologist and internist diagnosed her wit...
153 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyA 35-year-old African-American woman had gradual bilateral painless visual loss over 3 months. When initially seen, the visual acuities were HM OD, NLP OS. The MRI showed diffused enhancement of the optic nerves and lacrimal glands. The evaluation strongly suggested sarcoidosis, with elevated angiot...
154 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyA 35-year-old African-American woman had gradual bilateral painless visual loss over 3 months. When initially seen, the visual acuities were HM OD, NLP OS. The MRI showed diffused enhancement of the optic nerves and lacrimal glands. The evaluation strongly suggested sarcoidosis, with elevated angiot...
155 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyAt age 41, in 1984, this woman, who grew up in the Ohio River Valley, had 3 days of ocular pain OD, and her vision declined to 20/80 OD she has had no visual changes since, nor has she had any other neurologic symptoms. The ""presumed"" diagnosis is optic neuropathy in presumed ocular histoplasmosis...
156 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis is a 32-year-old HIV-positive man with anterior uveitis, vitritis, and bilateral papillitis from syphilis. With intravenous penicillin treatment, the optic discs and vision returned to normal.
157 Isolated congenital optic disc anomaliesAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 63-year-old man with amblyopia OD was seen for a question of ischemic optic neuropathy with a pale, swollen disc OD. The correct diagnosis is an exophytic capillary angioma of the optic nerve head.
158 Isolated congenital optic disc anomaliesAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 63-year-old man with amblyopia OD was seen for a question of ischemic optic neuropathy with a pale, swollen disc OD. The correct diagnosis is an exophytic capillary angioma of the optic nerve head.
159 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 57-year-old man had a neuro-ophthalmology consult, requested the night before his 2-cm pituitary tumor was to be resected. His examination revealed his acuities to be 20/70 OU, with a visual field not consistent with chiasmal compression. The fundus appearance, with peripheral salt and pepperin...
160 Neuro-Ophthalmic Consequences of TherapyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis woman presented at age 52, 3 years after radiation therapy for a salivary gland carcinoma extending into the right maxillary sinus. She had received 6000 rads in 30 fractions over 45 days. She presented with 3 weeks of visual loss, with acuity of 20/30, normal color plates, normal fields, and n...
161 Neuro-Ophthalmic Consequences of TherapyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis woman presented at age 52, 3 years after radiation therapy for a salivary gland carcinoma extending into the right maxillary sinus. She had received 6000 rads in 30 fractions over 45 days. She presented with 3 weeks of visual loss, with acuity of 20/30, normal color plates, normal fields, and n...
162 Neuro-Ophthalmic Consequences of TherapyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis woman presented at age 52, 3 years after radiation therapy for a salivary gland carcinoma extending into the right maxillary sinus. She had received 6000 rads in 30 fractions over 45 days. She presented with 3 weeks of visual loss, with acuity of 20/30, normal color plates, normal fields, and n...
163 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 27-year-old woman had no past ocular history and presented with 3 weeks of redness OS that has been treated by the referring doctor as allergic conjunctivitis. She was referred for evaluation when she developed binocular diplopia. Her past medical history included phlebitis and one miscarriage ...
164 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 27-year-old woman had no past ocular history and presented with 3 weeks of redness OS that has been treated by the referring doctor as allergic conjunctivitis. She was referred for evaluation when she developed binocular diplopia. Her past medical history included phlebitis and one miscarriage ...
165 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 27-year-old woman had no past ocular history and presented with 3 weeks of redness OS that has been treated by the referring doctor as allergic conjunctivitis. She was referred for evaluation when she developed binocular diplopia. Her past medical history included phlebitis and one miscarriage ...
166 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 23-year-old woman has had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus since age 3. She was diagnosed with Sydenham's chorea in early childhood and had grand mal seizures from age 13 to 15. She has been hypertensive since age 18. Her vision was 20/25 OD and 20/40 OS, with dyschromatopsia OS, and a 1.8 l...
167 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 23-year-old woman has had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus since age 3. She was diagnosed with Sydenham's chorea in early childhood and had grand mal seizures from age 13 to 15. She has been hypertensive since age 18. Her vision was 20/25 OD and 20/40 OS, with dyschromatopsia OS, and a 1.8 l...
168 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 23-year-old woman has had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus since age 3. She was diagnosed with Sydenham's chorea in early childhood and had grand mal seizures from age 13 to 15. She has been hypertensive since age 18. Her vision was 20/25 OD and 20/40 OS, with dyschromatopsia OS, and a 1.8 l...
169 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 23-year-old woman has had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus since age 3. She was diagnosed with Sydenham's chorea in early childhood and had grand mal seizures from age 13 to 15. She has been hypertensive since age 18. Her vision was 20/25 OD and 20/40 OS, with dyschromatopsia OS, and a 1.8 l...
170 Neuro-Ophthalmic Imaging-CT ScanAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis patient was assaulted with a blunt object and suffered acute blindness due to traumatic optic neuropathy. Note how the lateral orbital wall has been fractured and displaced posteromedially into the region of the anterior optic canal.
171 Neuro-Ophthalmic Imaging-CT ScanAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis patient was assaulted with a blunt object and suffered acute blindness due to traumatic optic neuropathy. Note how the lateral orbital wall has been fractured and displaced posteromedially into the region of the anterior optic canal.
172 Chiasmal SyndromesAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 39-year-old HIV-positive man presented in 1982 with 1 month of bilateral vision loss. His prior evaluation had included 2 CT scans, which suggested a fullness to the chiasm, and a spinal tap that showed 6 monocytes, 14 red cells, a protein of 81 mg/dl, and a glucose of 56 mg/dl, with a negative...
173 Motility DisturbancesAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 5-year-old child presented with a 70 PD exotropia OS and a right face turn. She had a CT scan of the head at age 4 months that was normal , and she was felt to have an isolated left medial rectus paresis. Her acuity was 20/20 OU. She could fuse with a large face turn, and was orthomorphic is ex...
174 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 32-year-old woman was referred with a history of 4 days of loss of vision OD. She had a history of manic depressive illness and IV drug abuse; she had been HIV tested 4 weeks before and was negative. She said she last injected cocaine 5 days before being seen, the night before she awoke with th...
175 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 32-year-old woman was referred with a history of 4 days of loss of vision OD. She had a history of manic depressive illness and IV drug abuse; she had been HIV tested 4 weeks before and was negative. She said she last injected cocaine 5 days before being seen, the night before she awoke with th...
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