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151 Primary structure and chromosomal localization of human and mouse rod photoreceptor cGMP-gated cation channelWe have determined the primary structures of the human and mouse retinal rod cGMP-gated cation channel by analysis of cDNA clones and amplified DNA. The open reading frames predicted polypeptides of 690 and 683 residues exhibiting 88% sequence similarity. Sequence comparison indicated that the rod c...Restriction Mapping; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 41992
152 In vitro isoprenylation and membrane association of mouse rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase alpha and beta subunits expressed in bacteriaWe investigated the specificity of CAAX box-related isoprenylation of rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) subunits expressed in bacteria and the consequences of this modification on rod disk membrane association. Full-length cDNA sequences of the alpha and beta subunits of mouse PDE, inse...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Molecular Sequence Data1992
153 Synaptic inputs to physiologically defined turtle retinal ganglion cellsTwo physiologically distinct, HRP-marked turtle retinal ganglion cells were examined for their morphology, GABAergic, glycinergic, and bipolar cell synaptic inputs, using electron-microscopic autoradiography and postembedding immunocytochemistry. One cell was a color-opponent, transient ON/OFF gangl...Turtles; Neural Pathways; Synapes; Retinal Ganglion Cells1991
154 An experiment in using interactive computer graphics in teaching transient transmission-line theoryAn interactive computer graphics routine was developed and used in teaching EE 553, Electromagnetic Fields, autumn quarter, 1969, in the Electrical Engineering Department of the University of Utah. The routine displayed the propagation of the voltage ave form produced by a step-function generator do...1970
155 Serum vitamin A concentration is elevated in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose was to investigate whether serum vitamin A concentration is associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The secondary aim was to obtain pilot data regarding the amount of vitamin A ingested by patients and controls. BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is an attractiv...Vitamin A; Retinol; Idiopathic intracranial hypertension; Chromatography2007-02-01
156 Tissue-specific expression in transgenic mice directed by the 5'-flanking sequences of the human gene encoding interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding proteinInterphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) is an extracellular protein that has been suggested to participate in the visual process as a carrier for visual retinoids. A chimeric gene composed of the human IRBP promoter fused to the bacterial reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (C...Restriction Mapping; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; Mice; Gene Expression1990-05-25
157 Legacy AdvanTec and Sovereign WhiteStar: a wound temperature studyPURPOSE: To assess the wound temperature of the Sovereign WhiteStar (S-WS) (AMO) and Legacy AdvanTec (L-ADV) (Alcon) phacoemulsification systems. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Health Sciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Phacoemulsification using 20-gauge, 30-...Eye Burns; Wound Temperature; Phacoemulsification Systems2004-05
158 Diverse macular dystrophy phenotype caused by a novel complex mutation in the ELOVL4 genePURPOSE: A 5-bp deletion in ELOVL4, a photoreceptor-specific gene, has been associated with autosomal dominant (ad) macular dystrophy phenotypes in five related families, in which phenotypes range from Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3; Mendelian Inheritance in Man 600110) to pattern dystrophy...Linkage (Genetics); Middle Aged; Phenotype2001
159 Noninvasive two-photon imaging reveals retinyl ester storage structures in the eyeVisual sensation in vertebrates is triggered when light strikes retinal photoreceptor cells causing photoisomerization of the rhodopsin chromophore 11-cis-retinal to all-trans-retinal. The regeneration of preillumination conditions of the photoreceptor cells requires formation of 11-cis-retinal in t...Microscopy, Fluorescence; Visual Perception; Membrane Proteins2004
160 Evaluation of the 17 kda prenyl binding protein as a regulatory protein for phototransduction in retinal photoreceptorsThe mammalian rod photoreceptor phosphodiesterase (PDE6) holoenzyme is isolated in both a membrane-associated and a soluble form. Membrane binding is a consequence of prenylation of PDE6 catalytic subunits, whereas soluble PDE6 is purified with a 17-kDa prenyl-binding protein (PDEdelta) tightly boun...Amino Acid Sequence; Immunohistochemistry; Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases2005
161 Outbreak of toxic anterior segment syndrome following cataract surgery associated with impurities in autoclave steam moisture.BACKGROUND: Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS), a complication of cataract surgery, is a sterile inflammation of the anterior chamber of the eye. An outbreak of TASS was recognized at an outpatient surgical center and its affiliated hospital in December 2002. METHODS: Medical records of patients...Toxic anterior segment syndrome; cataract surgery; autoclave steam moisture2006
162 Expression of CNTF receptor-alpha in chick violet-sensitive cones with unique morphologic properties.PURPOSE: Application of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) can rescue mature photoreceptors from lesion-induced and hereditary degeneration. In the chick retina, expression of the CNTF receptor is present in a subpopulation of photoreceptor cells. The present study was undertaken to identify the CNT...embryology; cytology2004
163 Trilateral tumors in four different lines of transgenic mice expressing SV40 T-antigenPURPOSE. A line of transgenic mice containing the simian virus (SV) 40 T-antigen (T-ag) gene driven by the beta-luteinizing hormone (BLH) promoter developed bilateral retinoblastoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) of the midbrain. Midbrain tumors arose from the subependymal layer of the ...Mice, Transgenic; Retinol-Binding Proteins; Eye Proteins1996
164 Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in eclampsia.Although the precise neuropathologic basis for eclamptic convulsions remains unclear, intracranial hemorrhage is frequently associated with fatal cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a recently developed neuroimaging technique that appears superior to other processes for defining intracranial ...Eclampsia; Brain Edema; Cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging1987-09
165 Neurologic conditions presenting as psychiatric disorders.Understanding underlying neuroanatomic function helps physicians to localize defects and search for treatable neurologic conditions. Neurologic conditions such as Huntington's chorea, Wilson's disease, Gille de la Tourette syndrome, brain tumors, encephalitis and meningitis, neurodegenerative condit...Psychiatric Diagnosis; Neurologic Disease1992-06-15
166 Miliary Tuberculosis and the postpartum stateIn 1985, a resurgence of tuberculosis began in the United States. In conjunction with this resurgence, there has been an increase in the number of atypical presentations of the disease. We recently treated a patient who had disseminated tuberculosis that became manifest in the postpartum state. Wher...Miliary tuberculosis; Postpartum1995
167 Comparison of the effects of viscoelastic agents on clinical properties of the Unfolder lens injection systemPURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 7 viscoelastic materials on the physical properties of the Unfolder lens injection system. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: New sterile SI-40NB intraocular lenses (IOLs) were loaded into t...Lenses, Intraocular; Materials Testing; Hyaluronic Acid; Equipment Failure Analysis1999-07
168 Cloning of frog rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase subunits (P-alpha, P-beta, P-gamma) and identification of P-gamma) sites involved in the stimulation of cGMP binding to P-alpha and P-beta non-catalytic sitesRetinal cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE6) is a key enzyme in vertebrate phototransduction. Rod PDE contains two homologous catalytic subunits (Pd two identical regulatory subunits (P). Biochemical studies have shown that amphibian P has high affinity, cGMP-specific, non-catalytic binding sites and that ...Phototransduction; Retinal cGMP phosphodiesterase; Amphibian PDE2002
169 Torn posterior capsule: prevention, recognition and managementModern cataract surgery performed with phacoemulsification allows meticulous intraocular control and minimal incision size, but has the inherent risk of capsular rupture. Therefore, surgeons performing cataract surgery will inevitably face the complication of a torn posterior capsule. Torn posteri...Capsulorrhexis complications; Phacoemulsification; Posterior capsular tears; Shallow anterior chamber; Suprachoroidal hemorrhage; Vitrectomy1999
170 Acute human brain responses to intracortical microelectrode arrays: challenges and future prospectsThe emerging field of neuroprosthetics is focused on the development of new therapeutic interventions that will be able to restore some lost neural function by selective electrical stimulation or by harnessing activity recorded from populations of neurons. As more and more patients benefit from thes...2014-01-01
171 Adaptive parameter selection for asynchronous intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulationThis paper describes an adaptive algorithm for selecting perelectrode stimulus intensities and inter-electrode stimulation phasing to achieve desired isometric plantar-flexion forces via asynchronous, intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulation. The algorithm employed a linear model of force product...2012-01-01
172 Centrin 2 is required for mouse olfactory ciliary trafficking and development of ependymal cilia planar polarityCentrins are ancient calmodulin-related Ca2-binding proteins associated with basal bodies. In lower eukaryotes, Centrin2 (CETN2) is required for basal body replication and positioning, although its function in mammals is undefined. We generated a germline CETN2 knock-out (KO) mouse presenting with s...2014-01-01
173 Double-pass microkeratome technique for ultra-thin graft preparation in Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplastyEndothelial keratoplasty is evolving with increased attention placed on the optical qualities of the posterior donor lenticule. In efforts to improve visual outcomes, the effects of the thickness, smoothness, and planar profile are being studied. This paper describes a double-pass microkeratome tech...2012-01-01
174 Inactivity of human β,β-carotene-9′, 10-′dioxygenase (BCO2) underlies retinal accumulation of the human macular carotenoid pigmentThe macula of the primate retina uniquely concentrates high amounts of the xanthophyll carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin, but the underlying biochemical mechanisms for this spatial- and species-specific localization have not been fully elucidated. For example, despite abundant reti...2014-01-01
175 Helicase-primase inhibitor pritelivir for HSV-2 infectionBackground Pritelivir, an inhibitor of the viral helicase-primase complex, exhibits antiviral activity in vitro and in animal models of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. We tested the efficacy and safety of pritelivir in otherwise healthy persons with genital HSV-2 infection. Methods We randomly...2014-01-01
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