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151 Compositional ordering in semiconductor alloysCompositional ordering has been observed in a wide variety of III/V semiconductor alloys as well as in SiGe alloys. The thermodynamic driving force is now understood in terms of minimization of the microscopic strain energy of the bonds in the solid. However, the mechanism leading to the specific o...Semiconductor alloys; Transmission-electron-diffraction pattern; Organometallic Vaper-phase epitaxy; Cathodoluminescence1993
152 Computational and experimental study of a microwave electromagnetic bandgap structure with waveguiding defect for potential use as a bandpass wireless interconnectAs clock rates continue to rise, problems with signal integrity, cross-coupling, and radiation may render impractical the baseband metallic interconnects presently used in computers. A potential means to address this problem is to use bandpass wireless interconnects operating at millimeter-wave cent...2004-01-01
153 Computational framework for ultrastructural mapping of neural circuitryCircuitry mapping of metazoan neural systems is difficult because canonical neural regions (regions containing one or more copies of all components) are large, regional borders are uncertain, neuronal diversity is high, and potential network topologies so numerous that only anatomical ground truth c...2009
154 Computationally efficient multiuser detection for coded CDMAAbstract: Computationally efficient multiuser detection for coded asynchronous CDMA systems is investigated. The particular receiver studied is a near-far resistant multi-user detector known as the projection receiver (PR) [originally developed in [1, 2]]. The PR perfoms multiple access interference...1997
155 Computations of SAR distributions for two anatomically-based models of the human head using CAD files of commercial telephones and the parallelized FDTD codeThe Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method is well suited for the computation of bio-electromagnetic effects and has become the method of choice for most researchers in this area. There does however remain some limitations on its use. Firstly the FDTD method requires large amounts of memory and...Finite-difference time-domain method; FDTD; SAR distributions; CAD files1997
156 Computations of SAR distributions or two anatomically based models of the human head using CAD files of commercial telephones and the parallelized FDTD codeA method for importing data from computer-aided design (CAD) files for a mobile telephone into finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation software is described. Although the FDTD method is well suited for the bio-electromagnetic simulations and has become the method of choice for most research...Specific absorption rates; SAR; CAD files; FDTD; Finite-difference time-domain1998-01-01
157 Concurrency reduction of untimed latch protocols - theory and practiceA systematic investigation into concurrency reduction of untimed asynchronous 4-phase latch controllers is reported. Starting with a state graph that exhibits maximal concurrency, rules are provided for systematically reducing its states and thereby curtailing its behaviors. The rules predict liven...2010
158 Congruent weak conformanceCongruent weak conformance is a property between formal models capturing the desired relationship between a specification and its implementation by allowing unused and redundant circuitry and tolerating unspec4jied behavior in the unreachable state space. By providing greater flexibility in design t...2001
159 Control and characterization of ordering in GaInPGae,,In,,P layers have been grown by organometallic vapor phase epitaxy on GaAs substrates with [llO]-oriented grooves on the surface that have an important effect on the formation of Cu-Pt ordered structures during growth. In this work, the groove shape is demonstrated to be critically important...Vapor phase epitaxy; Ordered structure; Cathodoluminescence spectroscopy1993-06-28
160 Control of ordering in Ga0.5In0.5P using growth temperatureThe kinetic processes leading to ordering in Gas,, In o.4P8 have been studied by observing the effects of substrate misorientation (O-9), growth rate (0.1-0.5), and substrate temperature (570- 670 "C) during growth. The ordered structure and degree of ordering are determined using transmission elec...Ordering Structure; Growth Temprature; Growth Rate1994
161 Correlation between surface structure and ordering in GaInPGa and In atoms in Ga0.52In0.48P layers spontaneously segregate to form alternating In- and Ga-rich {111} monolayers during organometallic vapor phase epitaxial (OMVPE) growth on (001) oriented GaAs substrates, thus forming the CuPt ordered structure. This ordering phenomenon is believed to be drive...Transformations; Absorbtion spectra; Surface Properties1996
162 Covering conditions and algorithms for the synthesis of speed-independent circuitsAbstract-This paper presents theory and algorithms for the synthesis of standard C-implementations of speed-independent circuits. These implementations are block-level circuits which may consist of atomic gates to perform complex functions in order to ensure hazard freedom. First, we present Boolean...1998
163 Cross-borehole delineation of a conductive ore deposit in a resistive host-experimental designThe finite-difference time-domain method is used for high-resolution full-wave analysis of cross-borehole electromagnetic surveys of buried nickel sulfide deposits. The method is validated against analytical methods for simple cases, but is shown to be a valuable tool for analysis of complicated ...Finite-difference time-domain; FDTD; Cross-borehole; Electromagnetic surveys; Nickel sulfide deposits; Conductive ores; Resistive host2001-01-01
164 Crossing-aware channel routing for photonic waveguidesAbstract-Silicon photonics technology is progressing at a rapid pace. Despite greatly expanded manufacturing capability, physical design of integrated optical circuits currently lacks the level of automation found in VLSI design. A key component of integrated optic design is waveguide routing; howev...2013-01-01
165 Current and future applications of 3-D global earth-ionosphere waveguide models based on the full-vector maxwells equations FDTD methodAdvances in computing technologies in recent decades have provided a means of generating and performing highly sophisticated computational simulations of electromagnetic phenomena. In particular, just after the turn of the 21st century, improvements to computing infrastructures provided for the firs...2009-01-01
166 Currents induced in the human body for exposure to ultrawideband electromagnetic pulsesThe frequency-dependent finite-difference time-domain [(FD)2TD] method is used to calculate internal electric fields and induced current densities in a 1.31-cm resolution anatomically-based model of the human body for exposure to ultrawideband vertically polarized electromagnetic pulses (EMP's). Fr...FDTD; Finite-difference time-domain; Ultrawideband electromagnetic pulses; Induced currents1997-01-01
167 Curvature-based transfer functions for direct volume rendering: methods and applicationsDirect volume rendering of scalar fields uses a transfer function to map locally measured data properties to opacities and colors. The domain of the transfer function is typically the one-dimensional space of scalar data values. This paper advances the use of curvature information in multi-dimensio...2003
168 Custom multielectrode array with integrated low-noise preamplifiersMultielectrode arrays (MEAs) have emerged as a leading technology for extracellular neural recording and stimulation. Their large number of recording sites promises to yield important insight into neural systems. As the density of recording sites increases, interfacing to each electrode becomes inc...Electrode; Multielectrode arrays (MEA); Neural recording; Extracellular recording; Low-noise2003-01-01
169 Deep electron traps in organometallic vapor phase grown AlGaAsDeep electron traps have been studied by means of deep level transient spectrosocopy in type nominally undoped and interntionally te doped Al Ga As epitaxial layers which were grown by vapor phase epitaxy from organometallic compounds (OMVPE). Three main deep electron levels are present in undoped m...Vapor phase epitaxy; Shallow impurity identity; Optoelectronic device performance1980
170 Deriving new topologies of DC-DC converters featuring basic switching cellsThis paper will introduce the two basic switching cells, P-cell and N-cell, and their applications in different power electronic circuits. These basic cells have one switching element and one diode. The P-cell is the mirror circuit of the N-cell and vice-versa, and this paper suggests that any powe...DC-DC converters; P-cell; N-cell; Switching cells; Cúk converters2006-07
171 Design and characterization of electronic sensing system for a 13 × 13 biomechanical ground reaction sensor arrayThis paper presents the design and characterization of an electronic sensing system interfaced with a high-density flexible biomechanical ground reaction sensor array (GRSA). The prototype system can be incorporated into a personal boot heel to measure real-time ground force, shear strain and sole d...2013-01-01
172 Design and implementation of multipattern generators in analog VLSIIn recent years, computational biologists have shown through simulation that small neural networks with fixed connectivity are capable of producing multiple output rhythms in response to transient inputs. It is believed that such networks may play a key role in certain biological behaviors such as d...2006-07
173 Design and simulation of contour mode MEMS resonator on Si for power convertersMicroelectromechanical systems (MEMS) resonators on Si have the potential to replace the discrete passive components in a power converter. These devices not only can reduce the size and weight of the converter but also can facilitate the implementation of power converter on a chip. In this paper, a ...2013-01-01
174 Design and testing of an integrated circuit for multi-electrode neural recordingWe have developed a single-chip neural recording system with wireless power delivery and telemetry. The 0.5-μm CMOS IC is designed to be bonded to the back of a 100-channel Utah Electrode Array. A pad near each amplifier allows connection of the chip to the MEMS electrode array. The complete Integr...recording; Neural recording; Utah Electrode Array; Multielectrode arrays (MEA); Telemetry; Spike detectors; Wireless2007-01
175 Design of a genetic muller C-elementSynthetic biology uses engineering principles to design circuits out of genetic materials that are inserted into bacteria to perform various tasks. While synthetic combinational Boolean logic gates have been constructed, there are many open issues in the design of sequential logic gates. One such g...2007
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