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101 The Electro-oculogram: Clinical ApplicationsThe electrooculogram measures the potential that exists between the cornea and Bruch's membrane at the back of the eye. The potential produces a dipole field with the cornea approximately 5 millivolts positive compared to the back of the eye, in a normally illuminated room. Although the origin of th...Text
102 The Electroretinogram and Electro-oculogram: Clinical ApplicationsThe global or full-field electroretinogram (ERG) is a mass electrical response of the retina to photic stimulation. The ERG is a test used worldwide to assess the status of the retina in eye diseases in human patients and in laboratory animals used as models of retinal disease.Text
103 Enhanced mydriasis in response to hydroxyamphetamineEnhanced mydriasis in response to hydroxyamphetamine in a 77-year-old woman with a long-standing, preganglionic, right-sided Horner's syndrome that occurred following cervical neck dissection for thoracic outlet syndrome 30 years earlier. Miosis of the right pupil is apparent in room light (top). Th...Image/StillImage
104 ExophthalmometryDemonstration of exophthalmometry examination.Text
105 Facial Myokymia UnilateralExample of patient with facial myokymia, a disorder of the seventh nerve, probably due to brain stem involvement. Patient has multiple sclerosis. Discussion of characteristics, such as continuous, undulating, contractions in the distribution of the seventh nerve, and a spreading of these movements t...Image/MovingImage
106 Facial Nerve ExamExplanation of a facial nerve exam.
107 Flow chart for sorting out anisocoria - bright light and darknessFlow chart for sorting out anisocoria based initially on how it is influenced by bright light and darkness.Image/StillImage
108 Flow chart for sorting out anisocoria - direct light reaction of the pupilFlow chart for sorting out anisocoria based initially on the integrity of the direct light reaction of the pupil.Image/StillImage
109 Fluoresein AngiographyComprehensive description of using fluoresein angiography in examinations.
110 Flutter in DowngazeExamination of patient with flutter in downgaze (no audio)Image/MovingImage
111 Fourth Nerve PalsyDemonstration of examination of patient who experienced blurry vision and pain in the left eye. Demonstrates checking of eye movements, focusing on object while each eye is covered and uncovered, turning head both ways and repeating. Shows limitation of depression in adduction of left eye, left hype...Image/MovingImage
112 Fusional Vergence AmplitudesDemonstration of fusional vergence amplitudes examination. Incluudes: a. Convergence Amplitudes b. Divergence Amplitudes c. Vertical AmpitudesText
113 Gaze Palsy with Facial Weakness from Pontine AVMExample of a patient with torsional nystagmus in both eyes and pendular nystagmus in the left eye. Patient is led through instructions for direction of gaze.Image/MovingImage
114 Glaucoma: the basicsGlaucoma is the most common optic neuropathy. Progressive cupping of the optic disc due to increased intraocular pressure together with visual field abnormalities and local disc susceptibility factors characterize this neuropathy. This PowerPoint lecture covers the basics of Glaucoma and includes ma...Text
115 Hand-held equipment used to measure a relative afferent pupillary defectHand-held equipment used to measure a relative afferent pupillary defect and to record pupil sizes. Four neutral density filters (0.3, 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 log units) are conveniently carried in a soft cloth carrying pouch. A bright light source (a Finhoff model illuminator is shown here) is ideal for stim...Image/StillImage
116 Hemifacial SpasmExample of patients with hemifacial spasm. First patient has a sequela of Bell's palsy, and is seen to have mainly clonic movements around the eye, with occasional tonic movements around the mouth. Second patient has a cerebellopontine angle epidurmoid tumor, and is seen to have movements around the...Image/MovingImage
117 Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus with Third Nerve PalsyImages showing presenttion of Herpes ZosterText; Image
118 How to Measure the RAPDThis clip demonstrates the examination technique for measuring the Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect (RAPD). Demonstration of balancing an afferent papillary defect using filters in a patient with a resolving optic neuritis and an afferent papillary defect on the left.Image/MovingImage
119 How to Use the Direct Ophthalmoscope in an ExamDemonstration of using the direct ophthalmoscope to examine the optic disc. Covers hand placement , which eye to use, and distance from patient.Image/MovingImage
120 Hydroxychloroquine Maculopathy (Plaquenil)An overview of Chloroquine Maculopathy.Text
121 Intermittent Square Wave JerksPatient with intermittent square wave jerks (no audio)Image/MovingImage
122 Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia (2 examples)Two examples of patients with internuclear ophthalmoplegia. First patient has a right internuclear ophthalmoplegia. Patient had subacute bacterial endocarditis with a bacterial abscess in the brain stem. Ductions and gaze to the right look good, but when gazing to the left, the right eye does not ad...Image/MovingImage
123 Introduction to Fogging RefractionAn introduction to fogging refraction.
124 Introduction to the Basic Neurologic ExamIntroduction to the neurological examinations section of NExT.
125 Latent NystagmusExample of a patient with latent nystagmus. Demonstrates a lack of oscillations in forward gaze, followed by the occlusion of each eye, showing how this generates a jerking oscillation in the non-occluded eye away from the occluded eye.Image/MovingImage
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