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101 Controlled placement of enzymes on carbon nanotubes using comb-branched DNAImmobilization is not only useful for preserving enzyme activity, but also to adhere an enzyme to a surface, such as an electrode, so that the enzyme does not leach into solution during testing. Current immobilization approaches do not readily allow for adjustments to the distance between the enzyme...2014-01-01
102 Design activity framework for visualization designAn important aspect in visualization design is the connection between what a designer does and the decisions the designer makes. Existing design process models, however, do not explicitly link back to models for visualization design decisions. We bridge this gap by introducing the design activity fr...2014-01-01
103 Ecological processes dominate the 13C land disequilibrium in a Rocky Mountain subalpine forestFossil fuel combustion has increased atmospheric CO2 by ≈ 115 μmol mol1 since 1750 and decreased its carbon isotope composition (δ13C) by 1.7-2‰(the 13C Suess effect). Because carbon is stored in the terrestrial biosphere for decades and longer, the δ13C of CO2 released by terrestrial ecosyst...2014-01-01
104 Super-enhanced optical energy concentration through a subwavelength aperture using a photonic nanojetOptical transmission through resonant subwavelength apertures in optically thick metal films have received an explosion of interest for their ability to overcome the diffraction limit of light and concentrate light efficiently into a subwavelength volume. This achievement has attracted the use of su...2014-01-01
105 Shape of the Hanle curve in spin-transport structures in the presence of an ac driveResistance between two ferromagnetic electrodes coupled to a normal channel depends on their relative magnetizations. The spin-dependent component, R, of the resistance changes with magnetic field, B, normal to the directions of magnetizations. In the field of spin transport, this change, R(B), orig...2014-01-01
106 Performance enhancement in the measurement of 5 endogenous steroids by LC-MS/MS combined with differential ion mobility spectrometryBackground: Challenges for steroid analysis by LC-MS/MS include low ionization efficiency, endogenous isobars with similar fragmentation patterns and chromatographic retention. Differential ion mobility spectrometry (DMS) provides an additional degree of separation prior to MS/MS detection, and show...2014-01-01
107 Boundary aware reconstruction of scalar fieldsIn visualization, the combined role of data reconstruction and its classification plays a crucial role. In this paper we propose a novel approach that improves classification of different materials and their boundaries by combining information from the classifiers at the reconstruction stage. Our ap...2014-01-01
108 Caregiver stress: a concept analysisThe purpose of this concept analysis is to provide clarity on the concept of caregiver stress as it pertains to the caregiver of people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias.2014-01-01
109 Modeling longitudinal MRI changes in populations using a localized, information-theoretic measure of contrastLongitudinal MR imaging during early brain development provides important information about growth patterns and the development of neurological disorders. We propose a new framework for studying brain growth patterns within and across populations based on MRI contrast changes, measured at each time ...2013-01-01
110 Te-rich CdTe surface by pulsed UV laser treatment for ohmic back contact formationPulsed UV laser treatments have recently been applied to polycrystalline CdTe solar cells to create an ohmic back contact. In this work, we investigate the surface stoichiometry variations produced by pulsed laser excitation using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). These results reveal surfaces...2014-01-01
111 The importance of Se partial pressure in the laser annealing of CuInSe2 electrodeposited precursorsOne method for producing CuInSe2 (CISe) absorber layers is electrodeposition followed by annealing. Replacing the commonly used furnace annealing step with a laser can reduce annealing times by 2-3 orders of magnitude: from 30 minutes to 1 s. However, laser processing has, to date, not resulted in a...2014-01-01
112 Temperature dependence of equivalent circuit parameters used to analyze admittance spectroscopy and application to CZTSe devicesWe present a device physics and equivalent circuit model for admittance spectroscopy of CZTSe based photovoltaic devices. The experimental variations of the capacitance and conductance in the depletion width are reproduced for state of the art coevaporated CZTSe devices. We will show that simple Arr...2014-01-01
113 Spatiotemporal modeling of distribution-valued data applied to DTI tract evolution in infant neurodevelopmentThis paper proposes a novel method that extends spatiotemporal growth modeling to distribution-valued data. The method relaxes assumptions on the underlying noise models by considering the data to be represented by the complete probability distributions rather than a representative, single-valued su...2013-01-01
114 Evaluating the use of strontium isotopes in tree rings to record the isotopic signal of dust deposited on the Wasatch MountainsDust cycling from the Great Basin to the Rocky Mountains is an important component of ecological and hydrological processes. We investigated the use of strontium (Sr) concentrations and isotope ratios (87Sr/86Sr) in tree rings as a proxy for dust deposition. We report Sr concentrations and isotope r...2014-01-01
115 Analyzing imaging biomarkers for traumatic brain injury using 4D modeling of longitudinal MRIQuantitative imaging biomarkers are important for assessment of impact, recovery and treatment efficacy in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). To our knowledge, the identification of such biomarkers characterizing disease progress and recovery has been insufficiently explored in TBI due to d...2013-01-01
116 Reliability analysis and performance degradation of a boost converterIn general, power converters are operated in closed-loop systems, and any characteristic variations in one component will simultaneously alter the operating point of other components, resulting in a shift in overall reliability profile. This interdependence makes the reliability of a converter a com...2014-01-01
117 ATPase-Independent Type-III Protein Secretion in Salmonella entericaType-III protein secretion systems are utilized by gram-negative pathogens to secrete building blocks of the bacterial flagellum, virulence effectors from the cytoplasm into host cells, and structural subunits of the needle complex. The flagellar type-III secretion apparatus utilizes both the energy...2014-01-01
118 Effects of a classroom-based physical activity program on childrens physical activity levelsHigh levels of physical inactivity are evident among many American children. To address this problem, providing physical activity (PA) during the school day within the CSPAP framework, is one strategy to increase children's PA. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a classroo...2014-01-01
119 Building spatiotemporal anatomical models using joint 4-D segmentation, registration, and subject-specific atlas estimationLongitudinal analysis of anatomical changes is a vital component in many personalized-medicine applications for predicting disease onset, determining growth/atrophy patterns, evaluating disease progression, and monitoring recovery. Estimating anatomical changes in longitudinal studies, especially th...2012-01-01
120 Longitudinal growth modeling of discrete-time functions with application to DTI tract evolution in early neurodevelopmentWe present a new framework for spatiotemporal analysis of parameterized functions attributed by properties of 4D longitudinal image data. Our driving application is the measurement of temporal change in white matter diffusivity of fiber tracts. A smooth temporal modeling of change from a discrete-ti...2012-01-01
121 Tb2O3 thin films: An alternative candidate for high-k dielectric applicationsWe are reporting the growth and structural, optical, and dielectric properties of Tb2O3, a relatively unexplored high-k dielectric material. A pulsed-laser deposition technique was used to grow Tb2O3 thin-films on four different substrates: Si(100), SrTiO3(100), LaAlO3(100), and MgO(100). High resol...2014-01-01
122 A framework for longitudinal data analysis via shape regressionTraditional longitudinal analysis begins by extracting desired clinical measurements, such as volume or head circumference, from discrete imaging data. Typically, the continuous evolution of a scalar measurement is estimated by choosing a 1D regression model, such as kernel regression or fitting a p...2012-01-01
123 Emerging evidence for platelets as immune and inflammatory effector cellsWhile traditionally recognized for their roles in hemostatic pathways, emerging evidence demonstrates that platelets have previously unrecognized, dynamic roles that span the immune continuum. These newly recognized platelet functions, including the secretion of immune mediators, interactions with e...2014-01-01
124 A new cone beam X-ray microtomography facility for 3D analysis of multiphase materialsThree-dimensional x-ray microtomography offers a unique imaging capability. Spatial resolution on the order of ten microns can be achieved with the use of microfocus x-ray generators. Recently, a state-of-the-art, flexible cone beam x-ray microtomography system has been installed at the University o...2001-01-01
125 Patient-tailored connectomics visualization for the assessment of white matter atrophy in traumatic brain injuryAvailable approaches to the investigation of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequently hampered, to some extent, by the unsatisfactory abilities of existing methodologies to efficiently define and represent affected structural connectivity and functional mechanisms underlying TI-related pathology....2012-01-01
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