101 - 125 of 924
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CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
101 Mattis, Daniel C.Conductivity of one-dimensional interacting fermions*Using an exactly soluble model, the decay rate of a current-carrying state of one-dimensional fermions is calculated in the presence of random scatterers at finite temperature and the dc conductivity thereby inferred. For interacting fermions it is modified by a factor (T/T + θ)g, where g is a posi...Fermi gas1974-04
102 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineConfined and delocalized polarons in ∏-conjugated oligomers and polymers: a study of the effective conjugation lengthWe studied optical absorption of polarons in ∏-conjugated oligomers and polymers using the photoinduced absorption technique as well as chemical doping spectra from the literature. We find that the photon energy of the polaron low-energy transition obeys a relationship that depends only on the oli...Confined polarons; Delocalized polarons; pi-conjugated oligomers; pi-conjugated polymers; Effective conjugation length2004-06
103 DeTar, CarletonConjecture concerning the modes of excitation of the quark-gluon plasmaIt is a widely held belief that at temperatures much higher than the confinement scale of quantumchromodynamics (QCD), quarks and gluons become free, giving rise to a new form of matter, called the quark-gluon plasma. It is conjectured here that the characterization of the plasma as a free or weakl...Polyakov loops; Excitation1985-07
104 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineConjugation-length dependence of spin-dependent excition formations rates in ∏-conjugated oligomers and polymersWe have measured the ratio, r =ơ s/ơT of the formation cross section, ơ of singlet and triplet excitons from polarons in ∏-conjugated oligomer and polymer films, using a spectroscopic technique we developed recently. We discovered a universal relation between r and the conjugation length (CL): ...pi-conjugated polymers; Conjugation length; Polaron recombination2002-04
105 Symko, Orest GeorgeContinuously operating 4He evaporation refrigeratorA simple and compact device was developed to provide continuous, self-regulating refrigeration at approximately 1.3 K. The temperature of the device remains nearly constant, independent of external power, up to a critical power. For a molar flow rate of 10^-4 moles/sec, the refrigerator can absorb...4He evaporation refrigerator1971
106 DeTar, CarletonContinuum limit in the quenched approximationPrevious work at G/g2 = 5.7 with quenched staggered quarks is extended with new calculations at 5.85 and 6.15 on lattices up to 323 x 64. These calculations allow a more detailed study of extrapolation in quark mass, finite volume and lattice spacing than has heretofore been possible. We discuss h...Decay constants; Staggered quarks; Wilson quarks1996-03
107 DeTar, CarletonContinuum limit of lattice QCD with staggered quarks in the quenched approximation: a critical role for the chiral extrapolationWe calculate the light quark spectrum of lattice QCD in the quenched approximation using staggered quarks. We take the light quark mass, infinite volume, continuum limit. With nonlinear chiral extrapolations, we find that the nucleon to p mass ratio is mN/mp =­ 1.254 + 0.018 + 0.028, where the err...Staggered quarks; Chiral extrapolations1998-10
108 Lupton, John MarkControl of mobility in molecular organic semiconductors by dendrimer generationConjugated dendrimers are of interest as novel materials for light-emitting diodes. They consist of a luminescent chromophore at the core with highly branched conjugated dendron sidegroups. In these materials, light emission occurs from the core and is independent of generation. The dendron branchin...Dendrimer generation; Dendron branching; Charge transport; Mobility2001-03
109 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineCooperative and stimulated emission in poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) thin films and solutionsWe discuss cooperative and stimulated emissions and separate their respective contributions to the emission spectral narrowing in thin films and solutions of poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) derivatives. Whereas cooperative radiation is favored in films with poor optical confinement, directional stimula...pi-conjugated polymers; PPV; Spectral narrowing1998-04
110 Vardeny, Zeev Valentine; Raikh, Mikhail E.Cooperative emission from a disordered system: a classical modelThe effect of disorder on the collective emission from a system of classical oscillators is studied theoretically. Three types of disorder are considered: random orientation of dipole moments, finite spread in frequencies of the individual oscillators (diagonal disorder), and dipole-dipole interacti...Cooperative emission; Disordered system; Dipole-dipole interaction; Oscillators1997
111 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineCooperative emission in ∏-conjugated polymer thin filmsPicosecond dynamics of exciton emission and absorption have been studied in neat thin films of a variety of poly (phenylene vinylene) derivatives. We found that the stimulated emission band of 120 nm width and ~1 ns duration, which is observed at low exciton density n, collapses at n > 1017 cm-3 int...Pi-conjugated polymers; Poly (phenylene vinylene) derivatives; PPV derivatives; Cooperative emission1997-01
112 Gondolo, PaoloCosmic ray positron excess and neutralino dark matterUsing a new instrument, the HEAT Collaboration has confirmed the excess of cosmic ray positrons that they first detected in 1994. We explore the possibility that this excess is due to the annihilation of neutralino dark matter in the galactic halo. We confirm that neutralino annihilation can produ...Neutralinos; Supersymmetric models; Positron flux; Annihilations2002-02
113 Sokolsky, PierreCosmic-ray composition around 10^18 eVWe use the depth of maximum distribution as measured by the stereo Fly's Eye detector to study the chemical composition of the primary cosmic radiation between 3 x 10^17 eV and 10^19 eV. The analysis depends on the use of simulations to study the response of the detector as well as sensitivity to as...Energy spectrum; Extensive air showers; Inelasticity; Hadronic interactions1993-03
114 Kieda, David B.; Gaisser, Thomas K.; Sokolsky, PierreCosmic-ray composition around 10^18 eVWe use the depth of maximum distribution as measured by the stereo Fly's Eye detector to study the chemical composition of the primary cosmic radiation between 3x 1017 eV and 1019 eV. The analysis depends on the use of simulations to study the response of the detector as well as sensitivity to assum...Fly's Eye; Cosmic ray composition; Cosmic ray nuclei; Chemical composition1993-03
115 Mishchenko, EugeneCoulomb drag by small momentum transfer between quantum wiresWe demonstrate that in a wide range of temperatures Coulomb drag between two weakly coupled quantum wires is dominated by processes with a small interwire momentum transfer. Such processes, not accounted for in the conventional Luttinger liquid theory, cause drag only because the electron dispersion...Coulomb drag; Quantum wires; Luttinger liquid2003-09
116 DeTar, CarletonCritical behavior at the chiral phase transitionIt is generally expected that two-flavor QCD undergoes a high temperature chiral symmetry restoring phase transition at zero quark mass, with O(4) critical behavior[1]. Verifying this expectation is important for understanding the phenomenology of the transition and for facilitating an extrapolation...Phase transitions; Staggered fermions1998-04
117 DeTar, CarletonCritical behavior in Nt=4 staggered fermion thermodynamicsQuantum chromodynamics with two zero mass flavors is expected to exhibit a phase transition with O(4) critical behavior. Fixing the universality class is important for phenomenology and for facilitating the extrapolation of simulation data to physical quark mass values. Other groups have reported r...Staggered fermions; Phase transitions; Quark-gluon plasma; Chiral symmetry2000-01
118 DeTar, CarletonCritical behavior in Nt=4 staggered fermion thermodynamicsQuantum chromodynamics with two zero mass flavors is expected to exhibit a phase transition with O(4) critical behavior. Fixing the universality class is important for phenomenology and for facilitating the extrapolation of simulation data to physical quark mass values. Other groups have reported r...Staggered fermions; Phase transitions2000-01
119 Mattis, Daniel C.Critical curves and thermodynamic phases of lattice fluids and antiferromagnets with structured interactionsWe study the classical lattice gas with hard cores, nearest-neighbor repulsive forces, and next-nearest-neighbor attractive forces. We find several thermodynamic phases (vapor, liquid, and solid) and unusually shaped critical curves, yet no critical point or triple point. We find and discuss discont...Ising antiferromagnet; Molecular field theory1971-06
120 Vardeny, Zeev ValentineCylindrical micolasers and light emitting devices from conducting polymersSubstantially improved, photopumped polymer lasers are demonstrated using microrings and microdisks of various diameters D ranging from 5 to 200 mm. Various cavity-dependent laser modes were observed, which for D,10 mm were dominated by a single longitudinal mode with linewidth of less than 1 Å. Th...Cylindrical micolasers; OLED; Photopumped polymer lasers; Microrings; Microdisks; Microlasers1998
121 Gondolo, PaoloDUSEL theory white paperThe scientific case for a Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory [DUSEL] located at the Homestake mine in Lead, South Dakota is exceptional. The site of this future laboratory already claims a discovery for the detection of solar neutrinos, leading to a Nobel Prize for Ray Davis. Moreov...DUSEL; Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory; Proton decay2008
122 Gondolo, PaoloDaily modulation due to channeling in direct dark matter crystalline detectorsThe channeling of the ion recoiling after a collision with a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) in direct dark matter crystalline detectors produces a larger scintillation or ionization signal than otherwise expected. Channeling is a directional effect, which depends on the velocity distrib...2011
123 Gondolo, PaoloDark Stars: Död och ÅteruppståndelseThe first phase of stellar evolution in the history of the universe may be Dark Stars, powered by dark matter heating rather than by fusion. Weakly interacting massive particles, which are their own antiparticles, can annihilate and provide an important heat source for the first stars in the univers...Dark stars; WIMP; Weakly interacting massive particles2009
124 Gondolo, PaoloDark Stars: the first stars in the universe may be powered by dark matter healingA new line of research on Dark Stars is reviewed, which suggests that the first stars to exist in the universe were powered by dark matter heating rather than by fusion. Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, which may be there own antipartmers, collect inside the first stars and annihilate to produc...Dark stars; WIMP; Weakly interacting massive particles2009
125 Gondolo, PaoloDark matter and relic particlesFor the first time, we have a believable inventory of the contents of the universe. First, we have compelling evidence that the universe is flat (or at least very nearly so), consistent with the prediction of inflation. Measurements of the first acoustic peak in the angular power spectrum of the Cos...Relic particles; MACHOs; WIMP; Weakly interacting massive particles2001
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