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101 Capecchi, Mario R.Reexamination of gene targeting frequency as a function of the extent of homology between the targeting vector and the target locus.Mutations were targeted to the Hprt locus of mouse embryo-derived stem cells by using 22 different sequence replacement and sequence insertion vectors. The targeting frequency was examined at two sites within the Hprt locus as a function of the extent of homology between the targeting vector and the...Cell Line; DNA Transposable Elements; Embryo; Exons; Mice1992-08-12
102 Capecchi, Mario R.Regionally restricted developmental defects resulting from targeted disruption of the mouse homeobox gene hox-1.5.Gene targeting in mouse embryo-derived stem cells has been used to disrupt the homeobox gene hox-1.5. Mice heterozygous at the hox-1.5 locus appear normal, whereas hox-1.5-/hox-1.5- mice die at or shortly after birth. These homozygotes are athymic, aparathyroid, have reduced thyroid and submaxillary...Abnormalities, Multiple; Animals, Newborn; Arteries; Bone and Bones; Cartilage; Esophagus; Gene Expression; Heart Defects, Congenital; Organ Specificity; Parathyroid Glands; Pharynx; Thymus Gland; Thyroid Gland; Trachea1991-04-11
103 Capecchi, Mario R.Removing the vertebrate-specific TBP N terminus disrupts placental beta2m-dependent interactions with the maternal immune systemMammalian TBP consists of a 180 amino acid core that is common to all eukaryotes, fused to a vertebrate-specific N-terminal domain. We generated mice having a modified tbp allele, tbp(DeltaN), that produces a version of TBP lacking 111 of the 135 vertebrate-specific amino acids. Most tbp(DeltaN/Delt...Alleles; Animals, Genetically Modified; Binding Sites; Embryonic and Fetal Development; Evolution, Molecular; Female; Fetus; Immune Tolerance; Male; Mice; Mutation; ATA-Box Binding Protein2002-07-12
104 Capecchi, Mario R.Role of Hox genes in mediating the mammalian body planThis is a 1 hour, 5 minutes, 28 seconds video of a lecture given by Mario Capecchi on the genetic analysis of the Hox complex, or Hox cluster and their role in embryogenesis. Using examples such as the development of the hindbrain (rhombencephalon), facial nerves, and hands Capecchi outlines the re...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Homeobox genes; Histology - Pathological; Gene expression; Gene regulation; Genotype; Phenotype
105 Moon, Ann M.; Capecchi, Mario R.Roles of Fgf4 and Fgf8 in limb bud initiation and outgrowth.Although numerous molecules required for limb bud formation have recently been identified, the molecular pathways that initiate this process and ensure that limb formation occurs at specific axial positions have yet to be fully elucidated. Based on experiments in the chick, Fgf8 expression in the in...Animals; Apoptosis; Forelimb; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; High Mobility Group Proteins; Hindlimb; In Situ Hybridization; Mesoderm; Mice, Mutant Strains; Trans-Activators2004-09
106 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Wills, Norma M.rRNA-mRNA base pairing stimulates a programmed -1 ribosomal frameshiftBase pairing between the 3' end of 16S rRNA and mRNA is shown to be important for the programmed -1 frameshifting utilized in decoding the Escherichia coli dnaX gene. This pairing is the same as the Shine-Dalgarno pairing used by prokaryotic ribosomes in selection of translation initiators, but for ...Frameshifting; Escherichia coli; Binding Sites; Base Composition1994
107 Secret of life module: on the brink, four profiles in groundbreaking scienceThis is a 15 minutes, 12 seconds segment of the WGBH series, Secret of life. Profiles include Dennis Slamon of UCLA and his work on the oncagenes and the creation of excess receptors that play a significant role in breast cancer; Patricia Steeg of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and her work on...Transgenic mice; Gene targeting; Genetic engineering; Molecular genetics; Cancer - Research; Capecchi, Mario R.; Science - Moral and ethical aspects; Human chromosome abnormalities - Diagnosis; Gene expression; Gene regulation
108 Capecchi, Mario R.Selective degradation of abnormal proteins in mammalian tissue culture cells.The degradation rates of several missense mutants of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (EC in mouse L cells are compared to those of the wild-type enzyme. Although the rates of total protein breakdown in the mutant cell lines are identical to that of the parental L cell line, ...Gene Expression Regulation; Mice, Transgenic; Microscopy, Fluorescence1974-12-01
109 Gesteland, Raymond F.Simian virus 40-specific polypeptides in Ad2+ND4- infected cellsA comparison of the proteins synthesized in human cells at late times after infection with adenovirus (Ad2) and with the adeno-simian virus 40 (SV40) hybrid viruses revealed polypeptides of 30,000 and 92,000 molecular weight specific for the hybrid viruses Ad2+ND1 and Ad2+ND4, respectively. Cell-fre...Molecular Weight; Peptide Biosynthesis; RNA, Messenger; Viral Proteins1976
110 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Weiss, Robert B.Slippery runs, shifty stops, backward steps and forward hops: -2, -1, +1, +2, +5 and +6 Ribosomal frameshiftingFrameshift mutations frequently express residual levels of gene activity; that is, they are often leaky. This leakiness can be used as a tool to define the functional components that affect the reading frame during gene expression. Recent technological advances in the capability to efficiently bu...Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; RNA, Transfer; Frameshifting1987
111 Rogers, Alan R.Sociobiology of sex and sexes (comment)A comment on "Sociobiology of sex and sexes" by Marion Blute.Sociobiology; Sex and sexes1984-04
112 Auduong, Priscilla; Murphy, Kelley J.; Schmid, Aloisia T.Spinal muscular atrophy in DrosophilaSpinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is the most commonly inherited form of motor neuronal disease in humans and a leading cause of infant mortality. SMA is characterized by a loss of motor neurons which lead to muscle degeneration, paralysis, and eventual death by respiratory failure. More than ninety-f...Trapeze Interactive Poster2010-03-15
113 Capecchi, Mario R.Synthesis of an ochre suppressor tRNA gene and expression in mammalian cells.We have used site-specific mutagenesis to change the anticodon of a Xenopus laevis tyrosine tRNA gene so that it would recognize ochre codons. This tRNA gene is expressed when amplified in monkey cells as part of a SV40 recombinant and efficiently suppresses termination at both the ochre codon separ...Xenopus; Nucleic Acid Conformation; Kidney; DNA Restriction Enzymes1984-11
114 Capecchi, Mario R.Targeted disruption of the even-skipped gene, evx1, causes early postimplantation lethality of the mouse conceptus.Implantation within the mammalian uterus elicits dramatic changes in the growth, differentiation, and morphogenesis of the conceptus. This process is interrupted in mice carrying a targeted disruption of the murine evx1 gene, a homolog of the Drosophila even-skipped (eve) gene. Upon implantation, pr...Extraembryonic; Homozygotes; Drosophila1994-08-15
115 Thomas, Kirk R.; Capecchi, Mario R.Targeted disruption of the murine int-1 proto-oncogene resulting in severe abnormalities in midbrain and cerebellar development.The int-1 proto-oncogene was first identified as a gene activated in virally induced mouse mammary tumours. Expression studies, however, suggest that the normal function of this gene may be in spermatogenesis and in the development of the central nervous system. Genes sharing sequence similarity wit...Animals; Blastocyst; Cell Line; Chimera; DNA; Female; Genotype; Heterozygote; Homozygote; Male; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Motor Activity1990-08-30
116 Capecchi, Mario R.Targeted mutations in hoxa-9 and hoxb-9 reveal synergistic interactions.Mice were generated with a targeted disruption of the homeobox-containing gene hoxb-9. Mice homozygous for this mutation show defects in the development of the first and second ribs. In most cases the first and second ribs are fused near the point at which the first and second pairs of ribs normally...Embryonic and Fetal Development; In Situ Hybridization; Mice, Knockout1997-01-15
117 Capecchi, Mario R.; Bernstein, Kenneth E.; Thomas, Kirk R.Targeting genes for self-excision in the germ lineA procedure is described that directs the self-induced deletion of DNA sequences as they pass through the male germ line of mice. The testes-specific promoter from the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene was used to drive expression of the Cre-recombinase gene. Cre was linked to the selectable marker...Cre-recombinase; Hoxa3; Chimeric mice1999-06-15
118 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Baranov, Pavel V.; Atkins, John F.; Hammer, Andrew W.Transcriptional slippage in bacteria: distribution in sequenced genomes and utilization in IS element gene expressionABSTRACT: Background: Transcription slippage occurs on certain patterns of repeat mononucleotides, resulting in synthesis of a heterogeneous population of mRNAs. Individual mRNA molecules within this population differ in the number of nucleotides they contain that are not specified by the templat...Transcription slippage; Bacterial genomes; IS element genes2005
119 Gesteland, Raymond F.Translation of Rl7 RNA fragmentsExamination of the events during infection of cells by RNA phages reveals phemonomena that are surprisingly complex for a virus that has only enough information to code for three to four proteins. The coat protein is synthesized at a rapid rate through most of the infectious cycle making it the pre...Electrophoresis; RNA, Messenger; Peptide Biosynthesis; Kinetics1969
120 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Tuohy, Therese M.Uninterrupted translation through putative 12-nucleotide coding gap in sequence of carA: business as usualPrevious work of others reported an untranslated stretch of 12 nucleotides in the 5' coding sequence of carA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, N-terminal protein sequencing of carA-lacZ translational fusions shows that these 12 nucleotides are normally translated in a continuous triplet manner, ...Base Sequence; Protein Biosynthesis; Sequence Deletion1994
121 Hansen, Mark S.; Healy, Lindsey J.; Johnson, Christopher R.; Capecchi, Mario R.; Keller, Charles; Jones, Greg M.Virtual histology of transgenic mouse embryos for high-throughput phenotyping.A bold new effort to disrupt every gene in the mouse genome necessitates systematic, interdisciplinary approaches to analyzing patterning defects in the mouse embryo. We present a novel, rapid, and inexpensive method for obtaining high-resolution virtual histology for phenotypic assessment of mouse ...Forkhead Transcription Factors; Paired Box Transcription Factors2006
122 Capecchi, Mario R.Xanthine oxidoreductase is central to the evolution and function of the innate immune system.The housekeeping enzyme xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) has been studied intensively over the past 100 years, yet the complexity of its in vivo function is still poorly understood. A large body of literature focuses on the different catalyltic forms of XOR and their importance in the synthesis of reac...Animals; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Humans; Immune System; Models, Biological2003-09-01
123 Capecchi, Mario R.Yeast super-suppressors are altered tRNAs capable of translating a nonsense codon in vitro.tRNA isolated from two different yeast super-suppressor strains translates a known nonsense mutation in vitro, whereas tRNA from a closely related nonsuppressing strain does not. Suppression was assayed by translation of RNA isolated from an amber coat mutant of bacteriophage Qbeta (GB11) in a prote...Codon; Escherichia coli; Protein Biosynthesis1975-11
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