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76 Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warmingA consistent weakening and poleward expansion of the Hadley circulation is diagnosed in the climate change simulations of the IPCC AR4 project. Associated with this widening is a poleward expansion of the subtropical dry zone. Simple scaling analysis supports the notion that the poleward extent of ...Hadley cell; Climate change; Subtropical dry zone2007
77 Macular pigment Raman detector for clinical applicationsClinical studies of carotenoid macular pigments (MP) have been limited by the lack of noninvasive, objective instruments. We introduce a novel noninvasive optical instrument, an MP Raman detector, for assessment of the carotenoid status of the human retina in vivo. The instrument uses resonant excit...Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted; Equipment Failure Analysis; Sensitivity and Specificity2004
78 Moral distance: introductionThis issue of The Monist is devoted to the question of how we should gauge the moral significance of distance. "Moral distance," by analogy with "aesthetic distance," may signify degrees of moral indifference, but that is not the theme we are concerned with here. The problem of distance in mora...Distance; Boundaries; Morality2003
79 Negation of historyHistory is inevitably involved in our philosophical reflections about human nature and destiny. Yet in the past, Philosophy; has had an uneasy and questionable relationship to history. In this paper I would like to examine seven paradigmatic cases which hopefully will illustrate some crucial aspects...1982
80 Self-assembly of coordinative supramolecular polygons with open binding sitesThe design and synthesis of coordinative supramolecular polygons with open binding sites is described. Coordination-driven self-assembly of 2,6-bis(pyridin-4-ylethynyl)pyridine with 60? and 120? organoplatinum acceptors results in quantitative formation of a supramolecular rhomboid and hexagon, resp...2010
81 Sensory information processing and symbolic computation (1 Jan. 1975 - 30 June 1975)This research uses digital computation to investigate processes, both linear and nonlinear, for the filtering. restoration, enhancement, bandwidth reduction, distortion immunization and analysis of both visual and auditory information.Sensory information processing; Symbolic computation; Auditory information; Visual information1973
82 Shifts in coresidence among the oldest-old in China: comparing decedents and survivorsWhat we know about transitions in coresidence of older adults in China is based upon panel data involving survivors. This paper examines the tendency to shift and determinants of shifts in coresidence with adult children among very old, comparing survivors of an inter-survey period with deceden...Elderly; China; Living arrangements; Co-residence status; Mortality; End of life2008-12-30
83 Ultrafast femtosecond relaxation processes in luminescent and nonluminescent conducting polymersWe have employed the time-resolved photomodulation (PM) technique to study the photoexcitation dynamics in a luminescent (Si-PT) and nonluminescent ( s-(CH)x ) conducting polymers in the low signal limit. In each polymer, we identify two exponential decay processes in the PM decay, with characterist...Ultrafast femtosecond relaxation; Femtosecond spectroscopy; Pump-and-probe technique; PM decay; Polarization memory; Bi-exponential response1997
84 Tiler user's guideTiler is a special interactive editor used for designing VLSI circuits using the Path Programmable Logic (PPL) methodology. PPL cells are inserted into a rectangular grid by typing characters that represent the cells. Each available cell will have a character that represents it, but some characters ...Tiler; Interactive editor; VLSI circuits; Design; Path Programmable Logic; PPL1986
85 A mathematical basis for the application of the modified geometric method to maximum frequency estimationAbstract-The application of ultrasound in assessing the fetal cardiovascular system often requires the accurate estimation of maximum blood flow velocity waveforms using Doppler measurements. The modified geometric method estimates the maximum Doppler frequency as the frequency at which the vertica...2004
86 Low latency self-timed flow-through FIFOsSelf-timed flow-through FIFOs are constructed easily using only a single C-element as control for each stage of the FIFO. Throughput can be very high in this type of FIFO as the communication required to send new data to the FIFO is local to only the first element of the FIFO. Circuit density can ...1995
87 Nuclear magnetic resonance solution conformation of α-conotoxin AuIB, an α3ß4 subtype-selective neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonistThe neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors constitute a highly diverse group, with subtypes consisting of pentameric combinations of α and ß subunits. α-Conotoxins are a homologous series of small peptides that antagonize these receptors. We present the three-dimensional solution structure ...Conotoxins; a-conotoxin AuIB2000
88 Provenance in scientific workflow systemsThe automated tracking and storage of provenance information promises to be a major advantage of scientific workflow systems. We discuss issues related to data and workflow provenance, and present techniques for focusing user attention on meaningful provenance through "user views," for managing the ...Workflow systems; Provenance2007
89 Economic man in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societiesSince "Selfishness examined . . ." (Caporael et al. 1989) appeared in these pages, more than 15 years ago, many additional experiments have strongly confirmed the doubts expressed by Caporael and her collaborators concerning the adequacy of self-interest as a behavioral foundation for the social sci...Economic outcomes; Selfishness; Fairness; Reciprocity2005
90 HydrometallurgyThe science and technology of hydrometallurgy and chemical processing continues to advance both at the laboratory level and in plant practice. In past decades, hydrometallurgy was rather limited in scope and received relatively little attention, being largely a laboratory curiosity. But curiosity i...Hydrometallurgy; Chemical processing; Environment; Laboratory practice; Plant practice1972
91 Social learning and the maintenance of cultural variation: an evolutionary model and data from East AfricaHuman societies maintain between-group variation despite mixing of people and ideas. In order for variation to remain, migrants or their children must preferentially adopt local norms, customs, and beliefs. Yet the details of how cultural variation is maintained, despite mixing, remain unknown. This...Cultural variation; cultural identity; East Africa2004
92 Creation of "quantum platelets" via strain-controlled self-organization at stepsWe demonstrate, by both theory and experiment, the strain-induced self-organized formation of "quantum platelets," monolayer-thick islands of finite dimensions. They form at the early stage of heteroepitaxial growth on a substrate with regularly spaced steps, and align along the steps. In the direc...Quantum platelets; Strain-controlled self-organization; Monolayer-thick islands; Heteroepitaxial growth2000-12
93 Double impact: what sibling data can tell us about the long-term negative effects of parental divorceMost prior research on the adverse consequences of parental divorce has analyzed only one child per family. As a result, it is not known whether the same divorce affects siblings differently. We address this issue by analyzing paired sibling data from the 1994 General Social Survey (GSS) and 1994 Su...Siblings; Marital stability; Educational attainment2003
94 Analysis of the surface potential developed by non-reactive ionic solidsThe sign of the surface potential for complex non-reactive ionic solids cannot be predicted solely from consideration of the hydration energy of gaseous ions which constitute the ionic lattice. Accurate analysis of these systems must involve the hydration energy of surface ions, which requires knowl...Lattice; dipole; Madelung Constants1976
95 The avalanche myrinet simulation packageThis is a user manual for version 2.0 of the Myrinet simulation package. Users of the V2.0 package can specify arbitrary network topologies composed of Myrinet switches with different number of ports. For example, 4-port and 32-port switches can be used in a single system. Because the V2.0 model sup...Avalanche Myrinet; Simulation Package; User manual; Myrinet switches; port switches1996
96 Photo induced infrared active phonons in trans polyacetyleneWe measured photogenerated ir active phonons in trans-(CH) by the photoinduced absorption technique. A correlation was found to exist with a photoinduced absorption band in which electronic transitions are involved. Our results show photoproduction of free charged defects with long lifetimes.Photoinduced phonons; Trans polyacetylene1983-06
97 Design-space exploration of most-recent-only communication using myrinet on SGI ccNUMA architecturesSGI's current ccNUMA multiprocessor architectures offer high scalability and performance without sacrificing the ease of use of simpler SMP systems. Although these systems also provide a standard PCI expansion bus, the bridging between PCI and SGI's ccNUMA architecture invalidates the assumptions ty...Most-recent-only communication; Myrinet; SGI; Communications latencies1999
98 Tsunami and Archives: The Unexpected Possibilities; Jakarta, Indonesia 17-18 July 2006The International Gathering on Tsunami and Archives, sponsored by the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia (ANRI) and the International Council on Archives (ICA), was held in Jakarta, Indonesia 17-18 July 2006. The event was conducted in English and Indonesian and provided a venue for arch...Natural disasters; Tsunami; Preservation; Book repair2007
99 Living arrangements and socio-demographic conditions of older adults in CambodiaSince the takeover of Cambodia by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, analysis of social conditions in the country has been lacking. Only recently has dependable socio-demographic data become available. We use some of these data to examine living arrangements and other socio-demographic conditions among Cambod...Living arrangements; Older adults; Socio-demographic conditions; Coresident children2002
100 B̄→D*ℓν̄ form factor at zero recoil from three-flavor lattice QCD: a model independent determination of [Vcb]We present the first lattice QCD calculation of the form factor for B→ D* lv with three flavors of sea quarks. We use an improved staggered action for the light valence and sea quarks (the MILC configurations), and the Fermilab action for the heavy quarks. The form factor is computed at zero recoi...Staggered quarks2009-01
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