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76 Waitzman, Norman J.Costs and benefits of folic acid fortification in the United States: economic analysis, regulatory action, and public healthThe United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) required that as of January 1, 1998, manufacturers of enriched cereal- grain products fortify their products with folic acid to reduce the number of pregnancies affected by a neural tube defect (NTD). Prior to adoption of the regulation in 1996...Nutrition; Gestation; Maturnity; Birth defects2004-10-14
77 Fogel, Alan DaleCourse in modern physics for ColombiaThe problems on encounters in teaching physics in Colombia have been recognized for a number of years and can be easily generalized to almost every country in Latin America. These problems are sufficiently widespread, reaching not only across international lines but throughout all the levels of the ...1970
78 Brown, Barbara B.Crime, new housing, and housing incivilities in a first-ring suburb: multilevel relationships across timeConcepts deriving from criminology, housing policy, and environmental psychology are integrated to test two ways that housing conditions could relate to crime in a declining first-ring suburb of Salt Lake City. For existing housing, we use a model to test whether housing incivilities, such as litte...Community development; Community revitalization; Crime; Urban policy2004
79 Svedin, LinaCrisis management in Russia: overcoming institutional rigidity and resource constraintsThe editors would like to express their gratitude to a number of persons and institutions for making this book on Russian crisis management possible. We are grateful for the generous financial support from the Swedish Agency for Civil Emergency Planning (?CB) which has made the CM Europe program (of...2002
80 Harpending, Henry C.; Jorde, Lynn B.Culture creates genetic structure in the Caucasus: autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y-chromosomal variation in DaghestanNear the junction of three major continents, the Caucasus region has been an important thoroughfare for human migration. While the Caucasus Mountains have diverted human traffic to the few lowland regions that provide a gateway from north to south between the Caspian and Black Seas, highland populat...Caucasus; Haplogroups; Autosomal variation; Mitochondrial variation; Y-chromosomal variation; Endogamy; Avar; Dargin; Kubachi; Culture2008
81 McDaniel, SusanCulture of gender: socialization, spirituality and sexualityIn this presentation, I hope to take you on a journey through the social landscape which teaches us about spirituality and sexuality. Like any journey, this one will have its ups and downs and in this case both ups and downs come from the same source. That source is the recognition that what we can...1987
82 Fogel, Alan DaleCurrent problems of Japanese youth: some possible pathways for alleviating these problems from the perspective of dynamic systems theoryYoshiko wouldn't reveal her son's name, because of fears that her neighbors in a suburb of Tokyo might find out. Three years ago, a classmate taunted her seventeen-year-old son with anonymous hate letters and abusive graffiti about him in the schoolyard. After that, he went into the family's kitche...2008
83 Jameson, Kenneth P.Data and social science rhetoric: policy and instructionI believe that social science and empirical investigation can make important contributions to our understanding and to resolution of policy issues, but only if we are clear on the nature of social science and the role of quantification. In particular we must admit the limits of our truth claims, th...Social sciences; Quantification; Empirical investigation1996
84 Maloney, Thomas N.Degrees of inequality: the advance of black male workers in the northern meat packing and steel industries before World War IIRecent major works on long-term racial inequality in the labor market revolve around competing hypotheses concerning the importance of human capital factors (Smith and Welch 1989) and government policy (Donohue and Heckman 1991) in promoting black advance. There is however, another line or thinking ...Labor markets; Northern employers; Racial inequality1995
85 Hawkes, KristenThe derived features of human life historyThis chapter compares and contrasts the life histories of extant great apes in order to construct a hypothetical life history of the last common ancestor of all great apes and to identify features of human life history that have been derived during the evolution of our lineage. Data compiled from th...2006-01-01
86 Harpending, Henry C.; Rogers, Alan R.Detecting positive selection from genome scans of linkage disequilibriumThough a variety of linkage disequilibrium tests have recently been introduced to measure the signal of recent positive selection, the statistical properties of the various methods have not been directly compared. While most applications of these tests have suggested that positive selection has pl...Genome scans; Linkage disequilibrium; Gene trees2010
87 Kowaleski-Jones, LoriDeterminants of first sex by age 14 in a high-risk adolescent populationA study using data for mothers from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and their children aged 14 or older indicates that, after accounting for a wide range of demographic and socioeconomic antecedents, children are significantly more likely to become sexually active before age 14 if their m...1996
88 Jameson, Kenneth P.Determinants of Latin American exchange rate regimesThe experience of the last thirty years suggests that a wide range of factors affects policymakers' choice of exchange rate regime. The initial explanation was that changes in the international sphere dominated domestic policies and strongly influenced how governments decided among the trade-offs. M...Monetary policy; Exchange rate regimes2005
89 Fowles, RichardDeterminants of motor vehicle fatalities using classical specification testing and Bayesian sensitivity methodsThis paper uses classical regression methods along with Bayesian Extreme Bounds Analysis (EBA) to addresses the effect of cell phones on motor vehicle fatality rates so as to examine the potential of net life-taking and life-saving effects. The models adjust for a time trend (YEAR), the maximum b...Motor vehicle fatalities; Motor vehicle statistical studies; Cell phones2008-01-09
90 Zimmer, ZacharyDeterminants of old-age mortality in TaiwanRelationships among socio-demographic characteristics, general assessments of health, and old-age mortality are well established in developed countries. There is also an increasing focus on the connection between early-life experiences and late-life health. This paper tests these and other associat...Mortality determinants; Gompertz regression2003
91 Fogel, Alan DaleDeveloping through relationships origins of communication, self, and cultureI began to consider the study of relationships as an intellectual vocation in 1970, the result of two years of college teaching that was part of my work as a United States Peace Corps volunteer in Bogota, Colombia. After another year I began my doctoral training in the Department of Education at th...1993
92 Drews, Frank; Strayer, David LeeDevelopment and evaluation of a high-fidelity simulator training program for snowplow operatorsThe safe operation of a snowplow requires a high level of expertise. Drivers often operate in very stressful situations, maneuvering 30 tons of equipment in tight quarters in blizzard conditions. Drivers often work long shifts, negotiate their vehicle in heavy traffic, on slippery roads with very li...Snowplow operators; Simulators; Accidents2004
93 Berg, Cynthia A.; Smith, Timothy W.Developmental approach to psychosocial risk factors and successful agingSuccessful aging has been characterized as maintaining physical health (avoiding disease), sustaining good cognitive function, and having active engagement with other people and productive activities (Rowe 8c Kahn, 1998). Although these three factors are known to be interrelated, the field has large...2007
94 Li, MinqiDialogue on the future of ChinaThree Chinese scholars speak to the question: How do you think the June 4th movement of 1989 will be remembered-----as another May 4th 1919, the threshold of a period of general political awakening and turbulence, or instead as a Chinese version of 1848 or 1968 in Europe: a last spontaneous explosio...China; Politics; Social conditions1999
95 Malloy, Thomas E.Difference to Inference: teaching logical and statistical reasoning through on-line interactivityDifference to Inference is an on-line JAVA program that simulates theory testing and falsification through research design and data collection in a game format. The program, based on cognitive and epistemological principles, is designed to support learning of the thinking skills underlying deductive...Online interactive instruction; Difference to inference2001
96 Lundahl, Brad WardDifferent histories, different stories: using a narrative tool to assess childrens internal worldsThis study investigated the concurrent validity of a children's narrative assessment tool, the Plenk Story-Telling Test (PST). The PST attempts to measure aspects of young children's internal working models by eliciting narratives from nine pictures. The PST, Child Behavior Checklist, and the Parent...2014-01-01
97 Yu, ZhouDifferent path to homeownership: The case of Taiwanese immigrants in Los AngelesTaiwanese immigrants in Los Angeles stand in contrast to the welldocumented homeownership deficit among immigrants. Despite the tremendous growth in Taiwanese immigrants during the 1980s, Taiwanese homeownership rate not only was among the highest of all ethnic groups in 1990,...Taiwanese immigrants; Homeownership; Los Angeles; adaptation2006
98 Wolfinger, Nicholas H.Different voices of gender: social recognitionMany researchers have shown that men and women speak differently. In this paper we examine whether these differences extend to the interpretation of speech. Men and women were recorded as they described their participation in a common interpersonal dilemma.Gender differences1997
99 Florsheim, Paul W.; Ngu, LeDifferential outcomes among adolescent fathers: understanding fatherhood as a transformative processIn response to the rising numbers of mother headed households, there is a great debate about whether to encourage young unwed parents to marry. Policies designed to pursue and/or punish fathers who do not meet their legal and financial responsibilities and to promote marriage, carte blanche, are ref...Parenting; Gender; Matrimony2003-10-18
100 Zimmer, ZacharyDifferentials in life expectancy and active life expectancy by socioeconomic status among older adults in BeijingThe study compares estimates of life expectancy and active life expectancy across indicators of socioeconomic status for a cohort of older adults in Beijing Municipality. Our aim is to determine whether associations found are consistent across indicators and with those typically observed in Western...Active life expectancy; Functional limitations2004
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