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76 Baehr, WolfgangMouse opsin. Gene structure and molecular basis of multiple transcriptsThe single copy mouse opsin gene produces five major transcripts, varying in size from 1.7 to 5.1 kilobases. The mRNAs are present at levels that vary over 2 orders of magnitude and can be detected as early as postnatal day 1. Each of the transcripts is polyadenylated and can be identified in polyso...Polyribosomes; Restriction Mapping; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid1990
77 Baehr, Wolfgang; Zhang, KangCharacterization of human GRK7 as a potential cone opsin kinasePURPOSE: Homozygous inactivation of the mouse gene for GRK1 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 1, or rhodopsin kinase) causes severe defects in the recovery of cone phototransduction. However, electroretinographic (ERG) analyses of human oguchi patients with defective GRK1 alleles showed normal or s...Amino Acid Sequence; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect2001
78 Normann, Richard A.; Maynard, Edwin M.Neuronal interactions improve cortical population coding of movement directionInteractions among groups of neurons in primary motor cortex (MI) may convey information about motor behavior. We investigated the information carried by interactions in MI of macaque monkeys using a novel multielectrode array to record simultaneously from 12-16 neurons during an arm-reaching task. ...Motor Cortex; Monkey; Population Coding; Movement1999
79 Normann, Richard A.Effects of background illumination on the photoresponses of red and green cones1. The photoresponses of light- and dark-adapted red and green cone photoreceptors were recorded intracellularly in the retina of the turtle, Pseduemys scripta elegans. Background illumination produced similar effects on both types of cones. 2. In response to the onset of a prolonged, steady backgro...Turtles; Adaptation, Ocular; Retina; Signal Transmission1979
80 Kriesel, John D.; Baringer, J R; Spruance, Spotswood L.Correlation between detection of herpes simplex virus in oral secretions by PCR and susceptibility to experimental UV radiation-induced herpes labialis.We examined the oral secretions of 25 patients for herpes simplex virus (HSV) at the time of and following experimental UV radiation (UVR). HSV was detected in one or more oral secretion specimens in 5 of 12 (42%) cases by cell culture and in 8 of 12 (67%) cases by PCR. On the day of UVR, HSV was de...Polymerase Chain Reaction; Ultraviolet Rays; Simplexvirus1994
81 Kriesel, John D.Miliary Tuberculosis and the postpartum stateIn 1985, a resurgence of tuberculosis began in the United States. In conjunction with this resurgence, there has been an increase in the number of atypical presentations of the disease. We recently treated a patient who had disseminated tuberculosis that became manifest in the postpartum state. Wher...Miliary tuberculosis; Postpartum1995
82 Olson, Randall J.Comparison of the effects of viscoelastic agents on clinical properties of the Unfolder lens injection systemPURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 7 viscoelastic materials on the physical properties of the Unfolder lens injection system. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: New sterile SI-40NB intraocular lenses (IOLs) were loaded into t...Lenses, Intraocular; Materials Testing; Hyaluronic Acid; Equipment Failure Analysis1999-07
83 Olson, Randall J.; Spencer, Terrence S.; Mamalis, NickThree-year clinical comparison of 3-piece AcrySof and SI-40 silicone intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare the 3-year performance of the 3-piece AcrySof (Alcon) and the SI-40 silicone (Allergan) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with no complications and at least a...Acrylic Resins; Silicone Elastomers; Prosthesis Design; Postoperative Complications; Patient Satisfaction; Cataract2002-07
84 Bernstein, Paul S.Identification of lutein and zeaxanthin oxidation products in human and monkey retinasPURPOSE: To characterize fully all the major and minor carotenoids and their metabolites in human retina and probe for the presence of the oxidative metabolites of lutein and zeaxanthin. METHODS: Carotenoids of a composite of 58 pairs of human retinas and a monkey retina were elucidated by comparing...Mass Spectrometry; Oxidation-Reduction; Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet1997
85 Baehr, WolfgangRole of photoreceptor-specific retinol dehyrogenase (prRDH) in the retinoid cycle in vivoThe retinoid cycle is a recycling system that replenishes the 11-cis-retinal chromophore of rhodopsin and cone pigments. Photoreceptor-specific retinol dehydrogenase (prRDH) catalyzes reduction of all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinol and is thought to be a key enzyme in the retinoid cycle. We d...Rhodopsin, Photoreceptors; prRDH (RDH8); All-trans-RDH; A2E; Retinoid cycle; Dark adaptation2005
86 Bernstein, Paul S.Transformations of selected carotenoids in plasma, liver, and ocular tissues of humans and in nonprimate animal modelsPURPOSE: To determine the stereochemistry of carotenoids in human ocular tissues in comparison with plasma and liver and to elucidate the possible transformations of dietary (3R,3'R,6'R)-lutein and (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin in the eye. Similarly, to characterize the carotenoid profiles in the eye tissues,...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Stereoisomerism; Xanthophylls2002
87 Baehr, WolfgangMolecular characterization of human and mouse photoreceptor guanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) and chromosomal localization of the human geneGuanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) is a novel Ca(2+)-binding protein that stimulates synthesis of cGMP in photoreceptors. Molecular cloning of human and mouse GCAP cDNA revealed that the known mammalian GCAPs are more than 90% similar, consist of 201-205 amino acids, and contain three ident...Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular1994
88 Normann, Richard A.; Abbasi, Masoud; Johansson,TorbjornSilicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
89 Moshirfar, MajidDouble-pass microkeratome technique for ultra-thin graft preparation in Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplastyEndothelial keratoplasty is evolving with increased attention placed on the optical qualities of the posterior donor lenticule. In efforts to improve visual outcomes, the effects of the thickness, smoothness, and planar profile are being studied. This paper describes a double-pass microkeratome tech...2012-01-01
90 Digre, Kathleen B.; Skuster, Denise Z.Neurologic conditions presenting as psychiatric disorders.Understanding underlying neuroanatomic function helps physicians to localize defects and search for treatable neurologic conditions. Neurologic conditions such as Huntington's chorea, Wilson's disease, Gille de la Tourette syndrome, brain tumors, encephalitis and meningitis, neurodegenerative condit...Psychiatric Diagnosis; Neurologic Disease1992-06-15
91 Baehr, WolfgangNovel GCAP1 missense mutation (L151F) in a large family with autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (adCORD)PURPOSE: To elucidate the phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of a novel mutation associated with autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (adCORD). METHODS: Twenty-three family members of a CORD pedigree underwent clinical examinations, including visual acuity tests, standardized full-field ERG...Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational; Guanylate Cyclase-Activating Proteins; DNA Mutational Analysis2005
92 Olson, Randall J.Efficacy and wound-temperature gradient of WhiteStar technology phacoemulsification through a 1.2 mm incisionPURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and wound-temperature gradients of WhiteStar micropulse technology using bimanual phacoemulsification without an irrigation sleeve through a 1.2 mm incision. SETTING: Island Eye Surgicenter, Carle Place, New York, USA. METHODS: Ten patients had bimanual phacoemulsif...Endothelium, Corneal; Surgical Procedures; Lens Implantation; Wound Temperature gradient2003-06
93 Frederick, Jeanne M.Inhibitors of metalloendoprotease activity prevent K+-stimulated neurotransmitter release from the retina of Xenopus laevis.Metalloendoprotease activity was identified in retinal homogenates using a synthetic fluorogenic metalloendoprotease substrate and specific metalloendoprotease inhibitors. The requirement of metalloendoprotease activity in neurotransmitter release was examined during the depolarization-induced relea...Neuromuscular Junction; Neurotransmitter Agents; Membrane Fusion1984
94 Normann, Richard A.; Maynard, Edwin M.Neural interface for a cortical vision prosthesisThe development of a cortically based vision prosthesis has been hampered by a lack of basic experiments on phosphene psychophysics. This basic research has been hampered by the lack of a means to safely stimulate large numbers of cortical neurons. Recently, a number of laboratories have developed a...Neuroprosthetics; Artificial Vision; Electrode Arrays; Multielectrode Recordings; Biocompatibility1999
95 Olson, Randall J.; Crandall, Alan S.; Caldwell, Karin D.; Jensen, Michael K.Intraoperative crystallization on the intraocular lens surfacePURPOSE: To report a physician survey, laboratory studies, and clinical observations of intraoperative crystallization on the surface of the intraocular lens (IOL). METHOD: We sent a survey to all ophthalmologists in the states of Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Colorado asking whether crystalliz...Cataract Extraction; Intraoperative Complications; Risk Factors1998-08
96 Normann, Richard A.; Kolb, HelgaNeural organization of the retina of the turtle Mauremys caspica: a light microscope and Golgi studyThe organization of the retina of the turtle species Mauremys caspica, found in fresh water ponds of Israel, has been examined by light microscopical techniques including examination of fresh wholemount retina, one micron blue-stained vertical sections and Golgi-stained material. The anatomical find...Turtle Retina; Photoreceptors; Golgi Technique; Amarcine Cells1988
97 Olson, Randall J.Cohort study of 27 cases of endophthalmitis at a single institutionPURPOSE: To identify potential risk factors associated with post-cataract surgery bacterial endophthalmitis. SETTING: The John A. Moran Eye Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study consisted of patients who had surgery for cataract(s) at this eye hospital. A 10% sa...Cataract Extraction; Endophthalmitis; Wound Healing; Risk Factors2005-04
98 Angelucci, AlessandraLayer-specific programs of development in neocortical projection neuronsHow are long-range axonal projections from the cerebral cortex orchestrated during development? By using both passively and actively transported axonal tracers in fetal and postnatal ferrets, we have analyzed the development of projections from the cortex to a number of thalamic nuclei. We report th...Axonal Transport; Efferent Pathways; Brain Mapping1995
99 Baehr, WolfgangCloning and sequence analysis of the major outer membrane protein genes of two Chlamydia psittaci strainsWe cloned and sequenced the gene encoding the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of two Chlamydia psittaci strains, guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis (GPIC) strain 1, and meningopneumonitis (Mn) strain Cal-10. Intraspecies alignment of the two C. psittaci MOMP genes revealed 80.6% similarity, and...Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; Amino Acid Sequence1989
100 Digre, Kathleen B.Significance of CT and MR findings in sphenoid sinus disease.Disorders of the paranasal sinuses, particularly the sphenoid sinus, can be associated with significant disorders of the optic and other cranial nerves. We examined 100 consecutive routine CT scans, 100 posterior fossa CT scans, and 100 MR scans to look for evidence of sinus disease, especially of t...Sphenoid Sinus; Vision Disorders; Paranasal Sinus Diseases; Magnetic Resonance Imaging1989-05
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