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76 Scientific methods: an online bookThis book was originally intended as ˜How to do science™, or ˜How to be a scientist™, providing guidance for the new scientist, as well as some reminders and tips for experienced researchers. Such a book does not need to be written by the most expert or most famous scientist, but by one who...Science; Process; Method2001
77 Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental MarginThe first well logs collected below the Antarctic circle were obtained during Leg 113 at Site 693 on the Dronning Maud Land Margin (Antarctica) in the Weddell Sea. Gamma-ray, resistivity, and sonic logs were collected between 108.0 and 439.0 mbsf. The downhole logs show good agreement with the data...1990
78 Sedimentology and downhole log analysis of Site 820, central Great Barrier Reef outer shelf: the factors controlling Pleistocene progradational and aggradational seismic geometryThe textural and compositional characteristics of the 400 m sequence of Pleistocene wackestones and packstones intersected at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 820 reflect deposition controlled by fluctuations in sea-level, and by variations in the rate of sediment supply. The development of an effe...1993
79 Seismic stratigraphy and history of deep circulation and sediment drift development in Baffin Bay and the Labrador SeaDrilling results and seismic-reflection records at and across Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Sites 645 (western Baffin Bay), 646, and 647 (Labrador Sea) provide important constraints on the history of deep-water circulation and sedimentation in response to Cenozoic climatic change, as well as the tect...1989
80 Snow and the ground temperature record of climate changeBorehole temperature-depth profiles contain a record of surface ground temperature (SGT) changes with time and complement surface air temperature (SAT) analysis to infer climate change over multiple centuries. Ground temperatures are generally warmer than air temperatures due to solar radiation effe...Snow cover; Snow modeling; land/atmosphere interactions; Borehole climate reconstructions; Surface air temperature; Ground surface temperature; Borehole temperatures; Geothermal observations; Heat transfer2002
81 Some early pleistocene deposits of the lower Omo valley: the Usno formationEarly Pleistocene deposits of the Rudolf Basin have been described by E. Brumpt (Bourg de Bozas, 1903: 107 ff.), Arambourg (1943: 190 ff.), Fuchs (1939), Patterson (1966), and Butzer and Thurber (1969). These include the Omo Beds, first recognized by Brumpt in 1902 and subsequently studied by Arambo...1969
82 Stop-go temperature logging for precision applicationsWe describe a new field procedure for stop-go temperature logging of boreholes that attains millikelvin precision. Temperature is recorded continuously throughout the entire log, but the logging probe is held stationary for a fixed time at discrete depth intervals. Equilibrium temperatures at the di...Temperature logging; Boreholes; Stop-go logging method2007
83 Techniques, analysis, and noise in a Salt Lake Valley 4D gravity experimentRepeated high-precision gravity measurements using an automated gravimeter and analysis of time series of 1-Hz samples allowed gravity measurements to be made with an accuracy of 5 μGal or better. Nonlinear instrument drift was removed using a new empirical staircase function built from multiple ...Gravity measurements2008
84 The evolution of neogene terrestrial ecosystems in EuropeThe Pliocene-Pleistocene chronology of hominid and other vertebrate evolution in East Africa is largely constrained by isotopic dating and regional intercorrelation of volcanic ash layers. Some eruptions were of sufficient magnitude or duration that their widespread tephra dispersal defines a serie...1999
85 The geology and geothermal setting of the Magic Reservoir Area, Blaine and Camas Counties, IdahoThe Magic Reservoir area straddles the Blaine- Camas county line in south-central Idaho, along the northern boundary of the central Snake River Plain. The rocks exposed at Magic Reservoir include a 5.8- million-year-old rhyolite flow, the Pliocene Square Mountain Basalt, multiple cooling units ...1982
86 The lower Omo basinThe boundaries of the Lower Omo Basin have been mapped by Fuchs (1939) and by Butzer (1970, 1971) in a general way. The structural features and physiography of the eastern and central part of the Lower Omo Basin are best expressed on the maps of Davidson et al. (1973). Walsh and Dodson (1969) have m...1983
87 The magnetostratigraphy of ocean drilling program leg 105 sedimentsDuring Leg 105 of the Ocean Drilling Program, a series of 11 holes was drilled at three sites along a north-south transect in Baffin Bay and the Labrador Sea. Intermittent recovery and drilling disturbance, resulting in part from the harsh weather conditions encountered, hampered magnetostratigraph...1989
88 Thermal analysis of the southern Powder River Basin, WyomingTemperature and geologic data from over 3000 oil and gas wells within a 180 km x 30 km area that transect across the southern Powder River Basin in Wyoming, U.S.A., were used to determine the present thermal regime of the basin. Three-dimensional temperature fields within the transect, based on...Thermal analysis; Inversion; Bottom hole temperature1996-11
89 Three-dimensional inversion of large-scale EarthScope magnetotelluric data based on the integral equation method: geoelectrical imaging of the Yellowstone conductive mantle plumeInterpretation of the EarthScope MT (magnetotelluric) data requires the development of a large-scale inversion method which can address two common problems of 3D MT inversion: computational time and memory requirements. We have developed an efficient method of 3D MT inversion based on an IE (integ...2011
90 Three-dimensional quasi linear electromagnetic inversionOne of the most challenging problems of electromagnetic (EM) geophysical methods is developing three-dimension(a3l- D) EM inversion techniques. This problem is of utmost importance in practical applications because of the 3-D nature of the geological structures.T he main difficulties in 3-D inversio...1996-01-01
91 Three-dimensional quasi-linear electromagnetic modeling and inversionThe quasi-linear (QL) approximation replaces the (unknown) total field in the integral equation of electromagnetic (EM) scattering with a linear transformation of the primary field. This transformation involves the product of the primary field with a reflectivity tensor, which is assumed to vary slo...1999-01-01
92 Three-dimensional regularized focusing inversion of gravity gradient tensor component dataWe develop a new method for interpretation of tensor gravity field component data, based on regularized focusing inversion. The focusing inversion makes its possible to reconstruct a sharper image of the geological target than conventional maximum smoothness inversion. This new technique can be eff...Focusing inversion; Gravity gradient; Gravity gradiometry2004
93 Timing of volcanism and evolution of the northern Kenya RiftThe northern Kenya Rift is bounded on the west by uplands of Turkana which comprise horst-like blocks that include metamorphic basement rocks, locally overlain unconformably by the Cretaceous Lubur Sandstone, in turn overlain by predominantly volcanic sequences in which relatively thin sedimentary p...2009
94 Trace elements in the hairStudy of uneven distribution of trace elements in elephant hair and compare the result with animal horns.2013
95 Tracer applications of noble gas radionuclides in the geosciencesNoble gas radionuclides, including 81Kr (t1/2 = 229,000 yr), 85Kr (t1/2 = 10.8 yr), and 39Ar (t1/2 = 269 yr), possess nearly ideal chemical and physical properties for studies of earth and environmental processes. Recent advances in Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA), a laser-based atom counting method...2014-01-01
96 Two-dimensional magnetotelluric inversion of blocky geoelectrical structuresThis paper demonstrates that there are alternative approaches to the magnetotelluric (MT) inverse problem solution based on different types of geoelectrical models. The traditional approach uses smooth models to describe the conductivity distribution in underground formations. In this paper, we pres...2002-01-01
97 Underground imaging by frequency-domain electromagnetic migrationA new method of the resistivity imaging based on frequency-domain electromagnetic migration is developed. Electromagnetic (EM) migration involves downward diffusion of observed EM fields whose time flow has been reversed. Unlike downward analytical continuation, migration is a stable procedure tha...1996-01-01
98 Velocity and density of carbonate-rich sediments from northeastern Australian margin: integration of core and log dataDuring Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 133, shipboard scientists obtained a remarkable quantity of both core and log measurements of the physical properties of carbonate-rich sediments. This suite of measurements provides a unique opportunity to evaluate the robustness of each measurement technique...1993
99 Velocity and density of sediments of Eirik Ridge, Labrador Sea: control by porosity and mineralogyA 767-m section of late Neogene (0-8 Ma) terrigenous sediments was cored at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 646. Continuous downhole geophysical logs, 161 laboratory measurements of core porosity and density, and 63 laboratory measurements of core velocity are used to analyze in detail the effects...1989
100 Viterbi sparse spike detectionAccurate interpretation of seismic traveltimes and amplitudes in the exploration and global scales is complicated by the band-limited nature of seismic data. We discovered a stochastic method to reduce a seismic waveform into a most probable constituent spike train. Model waveforms were constructed ...2013-01-01
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