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76 Crandall, Alan S.Torn posterior capsule: prevention, recognition and managementModern cataract surgery performed with phacoemulsification allows meticulous intraocular control and minimal incision size, but has the inherent risk of capsular rupture. Therefore, surgeons performing cataract surgery will inevitably face the complication of a torn posterior capsule. Torn posteri...Capsulorrhexis complications; Phacoemulsification; Posterior capsular tears; Shallow anterior chamber; Suprachoroidal hemorrhage; Vitrectomy1999
77 Baehr, WolfgangCharacterization of the chicken GCAP gene array and analyses of GCAP1, GCAP2, and GC1 gene expression in normal and rd chicken pinealPURPOSE: This study had three objectives: (1) to characterize the structures of the chicken GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes; (2) to determine if GCAP1, GCAP2, and GC1 genes are expressed in chicken pineal gland; (3) if GC1 is expressed in chicken pineal, to determine if the GC1 null mutation carried by the re...Molecular Sequence Data; Promoter Regions (Genetics); Retinal Degeneration1999
78 Baehr, Wolfgang; Rao, Narayanam V.Molecular characterization of a third member of the guanylyl cyclase-activating protein subfamilyThe mammalian retina contains at least two guanylyl cyclases (GC1 and GC2) and two guanylyl cyclase-activating proteins (GCAP1 and GCAP2). Here we present evidence of the presence of a new photoreceptor-specific GCAP, termed GCAP3, which is closely related to GCAP1. The sequence similarity of GCAP3 ...Amino Acid Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; Gene Expression Regulation1999
79 Normann, Richard A.; Maynard, Edwin M.Neuronal interactions improve cortical population coding of movement directionInteractions among groups of neurons in primary motor cortex (MI) may convey information about motor behavior. We investigated the information carried by interactions in MI of macaque monkeys using a novel multielectrode array to record simultaneously from 12-16 neurons during an arm-reaching task. ...Motor Cortex; Monkey; Population Coding; Movement1999
80 Normann, Richard A.; Maynard, Edwin M.Neural interface for a cortical vision prosthesisThe development of a cortically based vision prosthesis has been hampered by a lack of basic experiments on phosphene psychophysics. This basic research has been hampered by the lack of a means to safely stimulate large numbers of cortical neurons. Recently, a number of laboratories have developed a...Neuroprosthetics; Artificial Vision; Electrode Arrays; Multielectrode Recordings; Biocompatibility1999
81 Zhang, KangNew locus for autosomal dominant stargardt-like disease maps to chromosome 4Stargardt disease (STGD) is the most common hereditary macular dystrophy and is characterized by decreased central vision, atrophy of the macula and underlying retinal-pigment epithelium, and frequent presence of prominent flecks in the posterior pole of the retina. STGD is most commonly inherited a...Haplotypes; Genetic Markers1999
82 Baehr, Wolfgang; Thulin, CraigImmunolocalization and divergent roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retinaPURPOSE: These investigations were undertaken to compare and contrast the roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retina. METHODS: Phosducin and phosducin-like protein were compared in an in vitro assay measuring their inhibition of transducin binding to light-activated rhodopsin. The t...Antibody Specificity; Protein Binding; Rod Outer Segments1999
83 Olson, Randall J.; Crandall, Alan S.; Pingree, Michael F.Cataract surgery complications in 1 year at an academic institutionPURPOSE: To delineate all complication rates of cataract surgery and define normative rates, trends, and outliers as part of continuous quality management. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: All cataract surgeries done at...Intraoperative Complications/Epidemiology; Adverse Effects; Cataract Surgery1999-05
84 Olson, Randall J.Comparison of the effects of viscoelastic agents on clinical properties of the Unfolder lens injection systemPURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 7 viscoelastic materials on the physical properties of the Unfolder lens injection system. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: New sterile SI-40NB intraocular lenses (IOLs) were loaded into t...Lenses, Intraocular; Materials Testing; Hyaluronic Acid; Equipment Failure Analysis1999-07
85 Digre, Kathleen B.; Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Hanover, RitaIdiopathic intracranial hypertension. Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of lifeOBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not d...Intracranial Hypertension; Depression; Anxiety; Quality of Life2000-01-25
86 Olson, Randall J.Wound complications associated with incision enlargement for foldable intraocular lens implantation during cataract surgeryPURPOSE: To determine the relationship between various intraocular lens (IOL) types and the incidence of unwanted light images. SETTING: The Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: A telephone questionnaire was administered to 302 postoperative patients who had rece...Cararact Surgery; Incision Enlargement; Wound Complications; Vision Disorders2000-06
87 Olson, Randall J.; Samore, Matthew H.; Pace, Nathan L.Dysphotopsia in phakic and pseudophakic patients: incidence and relation to intraocular lens type(2)PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between various intraocular lens (IOL) types and the incidence of unwanted light images. SETTING: The Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: A telephone questionnaire was administered to 302 postoperative patients who had rece...Cataract Extraction; Visual Acuity; Lenses, Intraocular; Lens Implantation, Intraocular2000-06
88 Olson, Randall J.; Pingree, Michael F.; Lundergan, Maureen K.Penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus: a long-term review of results and complicationsPURPOSE: To study the long-term complications of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) to evaluate current recommendations to patients with keratoconus. SETTING: John Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Retrospective study of all PKP procedures for keratoconus performe...Visual Acuity; Refraction, Ocular; Keratoconus; Astigmatism2000-07
89 Olson, Randall J.Update on a long-term, prospective study of capsulotomy and retinal detachment rates after cataract surgeryPURPOSE: To evaluate the retinal detachment risks and neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) capsulotomy rates associated with different cataract approaches and intraocular lens (IOL) styles in a long-term,prospective clinical study. SETTING: Clinical practice of 1 ophthalmologist, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. METH...Cataract Extraction; Laser Therapy; Retinal Detachment; Risk Factors2000-07
90 Olson, Randall J.; Mamalis, Nick; Spencer, Terrence S.Postoperative sterile endophthalmitis (TASS) associated with the memorylensPURPOSE: To report 10 cases of delayed-onset acute intraocular inflammation following cataract extraction and posterior chamber implantation of the MemoryLens(R) intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. MET...Memory Lens; Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome; Retrospective Studies; adverse effects2000-12
91 Baehr, Wolfgang; Zhang, KangCharacterization of human GRK7 as a potential cone opsin kinasePURPOSE: Homozygous inactivation of the mouse gene for GRK1 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase 1, or rhodopsin kinase) causes severe defects in the recovery of cone phototransduction. However, electroretinographic (ERG) analyses of human oguchi patients with defective GRK1 alleles showed normal or s...Amino Acid Sequence; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3; Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect2001
92 Baehr, WolfgangCalcium-sensitive regions of GCAP1 as observed by chemical modifications, fluorescence, and EPR spectroscopiesGuanylyl cyclase-activating proteins are EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins that belong to the calmodulin superfamily. They are involved in the regulation of photoreceptor membrane-associated guanylyl cyclases that produce cGMP, a second messenger of vertebrate vision. Here, we investigated changes in ...Amino Acid Motifs; Cyclic N-Oxides; EF Hand Motifs2001
93 Zhang, KangIdentification and functional consequences of a new mutation (E155G) in the gene for GCAP1 that causes autosomal dominant cone dystrophy2001
94 Bernstein, Paul S.; Zabriskie, Norman A.; Zhang, Kang; Leppert, Mark F.Diverse macular dystrophy phenotype caused by a novel complex mutation in the ELOVL4 genePURPOSE: A 5-bp deletion in ELOVL4, a photoreceptor-specific gene, has been associated with autosomal dominant (ad) macular dystrophy phenotypes in five related families, in which phenotypes range from Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3; Mendelian Inheritance in Man 600110) to pattern dystrophy...Linkage (Genetics); Middle Aged; Phenotype2001
95 Bernstein, Paul S.Evaluation of the G protein coupled receptor-75 (GPR75) in age related macular degeneration2001
96 Baehr, Wolfgang; Frederick, Jeanne M.; Church-Kopish, Jill; Howes, KimberlyMutant rhodopsin transgene expression on a null backgroundPURPOSE. To study mechanisms leading to photoreceptor degeneration in mouse models for autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) based on the rhodopsin P23H mutation. METHODS. Mice of a transgenic line expressing a rhodopsin triple mutant, V20G, P23H, and P27L (GHL), were mated with rhodopsin (...Mutant Rhodopsin; Photoreceptor Degeneration; Autosomal Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa; Rhodopsin2001-03
97 Olson, Randall J.Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lensPURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction with vision 12 months after implantation of a silicone or acrylic foldable intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients who had uneventfu...Phacoemulsification; Lens Implantation, Intraocular; Glare2001-10
98 Olson, Randall J.Comparison of patient satisfaction after uncomplicated cataract surgery between the silicone AMO SI-30/40 and the acrylic Alcon MA30BA and MA60BA foldable intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction with vision 12 months after implantation of a silicone or acrylic foldable intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients who had uneventfu...Patient Satisfaction; Lenses, Intraocular; Silicone Elastomers; Biocompatible Materials2001-10
99 Digre, Kathleen B.; Schmidt, Richard H.; Osborne, Anne G.; Patel, Bhupendra C.; Pratt, David; Rietz, Lisa A.Compressive optic neuropathy caused by renal osteodystrophy. Case report.Compressive optic neuropathy with acute or chronic vision loss has been associated with various skull base tumors, aneurysms, Graves disease, trauma, and, less commonly, fibrous dysplasia and osteopetrosis. The Author's present a case of acute visual deterioration in a 25-year-old woman who had mass...Optic Neuropathy; Optic Nerve Decompression; Renal Osteodystrophy2001-10
100 Bernstein, Paul S.Transformations of selected carotenoids in plasma, liver, and ocular tissues of humans and in nonprimate animal modelsPURPOSE: To determine the stereochemistry of carotenoids in human ocular tissues in comparison with plasma and liver and to elucidate the possible transformations of dietary (3R,3'R,6'R)-lutein and (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin in the eye. Similarly, to characterize the carotenoid profiles in the eye tissues,...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Stereoisomerism; Xanthophylls2002
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