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51 Hartmann, Donald P.Interrupted time-series analysis and its application to behavioral dataThis paper uses a question-and-answer format to present the technical aspects of interrupted time-series analysis (ITSA). Topics include the potential relevance of ITSA to behavioral researchers, serial dependency, time-series models, tests of significance, and sources of ITSA information.Data Analysis; Methodology; Serial Dependency; Interrupted Time-Series Analysis1980-12
52 Fogel, Alan DaleCurrent problems of Japanese youth: some possible pathways for alleviating these problems from the perspective of dynamic systems theoryYoshiko wouldn't reveal her son's name, because of fears that her neighbors in a suburb of Tokyo might find out. Three years ago, a classmate taunted her seventeen-year-old son with anonymous hate letters and abusive graffiti about him in the schoolyard. After that, he went into the family's kitche...2008
53 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Utah Virtual Lab: JAVA interactivity for teaching science and statistics onlineThe Utah on-line Virtual Lab is a JAVA program run dynamically off a database. It is embedded in Stat-Center (www.psych.utah.edu/ learn/statsampler.html), an on-line collection of tools and text for teaching and learning statistics. Instructors author a statistical virtual reality that simulates the...Computer simulations; Science; Statistics2001
54 Gelfand, Donna M.Mother-toddler interaction patterns associated with maternal depression.Interactive coordination was observed in laboratory play interactions of pairs of 29 clinically depressed and 14 nondepressed mothers and their 13-29-month-old children (M = 18.9 months). Nondepressed mothers and their children displayed more interactive coordination than depressed-mother dyads (p <...Depression; Child-rearing; Infants; Motherhood1997-09
55 White, Paul H.Validation, persuasion and recycling: capitalizing on the social ecology of newspaper use.Two experiments used clinical validation to increase scrutiny of messages posted in public settings. The first experiment used a 2 (validation: no/yes) × 2 (persuasion: none/"it is important") factorial design to develop messages about newspaper recycling. The prompt (no validation/no persuasion) h...Recycling; Social Ecology; Newspapers; Social psychology2004-09
56 Diamond, LisaContributions of psychophysiology to research on adult attachment: review and recommendationsDespite the increasing use of psychophysiological measures to investigate social and interpersonal phenomena, few studies of adult romantic attachment have taken advantage of this approach. In this article I argue for a biologically-specific, theory-based integration of psychophysiological measures ...Attachment; Emotions; Physiology2001-10-08
57 Berg, Cynthia A.Individual differences in script reports: implications for language assessmentWhen individuals are asked to describe routine events, their descriptions often exhibit characteristics of script reports (Schank & Abelson, 1977). A script has been defined as a set of expectations individuals have about routine events that is organized in a temporal-causal sequence of acts or sing...Script reports; Language assessment1990
58 Friedrich, FrancesCapacity demands of automatic processes in semantic primingIn three experiments, we examined the effects of prime-target stimulus onset asynchrony (SSA) and the proportion of related primes and targets (relatedness proportion, or RP) on semantic priming when the prime was either named or was searched for a specific letter . In Experiment 1, with an RP of ....Semantic priming; Stimulus onset asynchrony1994
59 Hartmann, Donald P.Cautionary note on the use of omega squared to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral treatmentsEstimating the magnitude of treatment effects has been recommended as a solution to the problems associated with conventional hypothesis testing. In comparison to tradition statistical tests of treatment effectiveness, omega squared (ω2) and related magnitude of effect statistics provide a graduat...Magnitude of effects; Omega squared1981
60 Kesner, Raymond P.Parietal lesions produce illusory conjunction errors in ratsWhen several different objects are presented, visual objects are perceived correctly only if their features are identified and then bound together. Illusory-conjunction errors result When an object is correctly identified but is combined incorrectly. The parietal cortex (PC) has been shown repeatedl...2012-01-01
61 Strassberg, DonaldPsychopathy among pedophilic and non-pedophilic child molestersResearch is making increasing clear that, among men who sexually offend against prepubescent children, there are at least two subgroups, pedophiles and non-pedophiles, and that the groups differ in many important respects. Our ability to understand the etiology, nature, and most effective treatment ...2012-01-01
62 Suchy, YanaAberrant functional connectivity of cortico-basal ganglia circuits in major depressionThere is considerable evidence of functional abnormalities of the cortico-basal ganglia circuitry in affective disorders. However, it has been unknown whether this represented primary pathology within these circuits or altered activation as a result of aberrant input from other brain regions. The ai...2012-01-01
63 Drews, Frank; Strayer, David LeeDevelopment and evaluation of a high-fidelity simulator training program for snowplow operatorsThe safe operation of a snowplow requires a high level of expertise. Drivers often operate in very stressful situations, maneuvering 30 tons of equipment in tight quarters in blizzard conditions. Drivers often work long shifts, negotiate their vehicle in heavy traffic, on slippery roads with very li...Snowplow operators; Simulators; Accidents2004
64 Berg, Cynthia A.Commentary: lessons from a life-span perspective to adolescent decision makingThe chapters in Part II address important aspects of adolescent decision making that have received little attention in the literature to date. Decision making is examined as adolescents make decisions regarding their afterschool activities (Gauvain & Perez, chap. 7), make decisions utilizing democra...Adolescents; Adolescent decision making2005
65 Berg, Cynthia A.Perspectives for viewing intellectual development throughout the life courseWhat has one voice and is four-footed, two-footed, and three-footed? The task of characterizing intellectual development throughout the life course can be likened to the situation that faced the Thebans as they tried to solve this riddle of the Sphinx. Oedipus gave the correct answer to this riddle...1992
66 Hartmann, Donald P.Considerations in the choice of interobserver reliability estimatesTwo types of interobserver reliability values may be needed in treatment studies in which observers constitute the primary data-acquisition system: trial reilability and the reliability of the composite unit or score which is subsequently analyzed, e.g., daily or weekly session totals. Two approache...Observational technology; Reliability; Validity; Statistics; Recording and measurement techniques; Cohen's kappa; Generalizability theory; Measurement theory; Spearman-Brown prophesy formula; Correlational measures1977
67 Sansone, CarolThe relationship between motivation & Engagement in online lessions: the role of performance goals
68 Kesner, Raymond P.The role of GABA-ergic interneurons in CA1 and dentate gyrus for sequence learningThe hippocampus (HPP) is widely accepted as a structure that supports spatial memory. Current interest is focused on temporal processing for sequences of events. It has been demonstrated that HPP lesions disrupt acquisition of a spatial temporal sequence in an 8-arm maze (DeCoteau & Kesner, 2000)....Hippocampus, learning, memory, interneuron, CA1, dentate gyrus, sequence2010
69 Friedrich, FrancesVisual perception without awareness in a patient with progressive posterior cortical atrophy: impaired explicity but not implicit processing or global informationA patient with progressive posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) was examined on several tests of visual cognition. The patient displayed multiple visual cognitive deficits, which included problems identifying degraded stimuli, attending to two or more stimuli simultaneously, recognizing faces, tracing...Posterior cortical atrophy; Global-local processing; Consciousness; Balint's syndrome; Simultanagnosia2002
70 Fogel, Alan DaleDynamic systems approach to the life sciencesEach of the chapters in this book points to expanding our understanding of the multiple and complex relationships that surround development through the lifespan. In this chapter, we as the organizing committee of the Council for Human Development give a brief description and overview of the science ...Dynamic systems approach2008
71 Drews, Frank; Westenskow, Dwayne R.; Pace, Nathan L.; Ogden, L. Lazarre; Strayer, David LeePart task and variable priority training in first-year anesthesia resident education: a combined didactic and simulation-based approach to improve management of adverse airway and respiratory eventsBackground: Part task training (PTT) focuses on dividing complex tasks into components followed by intensive concentrated training on individual components. Variable priority training (VPT) focuses on optimal distribution of attention when performing multiple tasks simultaneously with the goal of f...Part task training; Variable priority training; PTT; VPT; Anesthesia residents2008
72 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Emergence of dynamic form through phase relations in dynamic systemsGregory Bateson construes mental process as the flow and transforms of differences in a system. Stuart Kauffman uses NK Boolean systems to model the emergence of order in biological evolution. Because the Boolean base (0, 1) maps to Bateson's idea of difference, we simulate Bateson's epistemology wi...Systems; Psychology; Models2005-10-24
73 Florsheim, Paul W.Hostile personality traits and coronary artery calcification in middle-aged and older married couples: different effects for self-reports versus spouse ratingsTo examine the association between hostile personality traits and coronary artery disease (CAD) and the role of aspects of hostility, method of assessment, and age as influences on its magnitude, as prior studies of hostility and coronary artery calcification (CAC) have produced conflicting findings...hostility; anger; antagonism; agreeableness; coronary artery calcification; coronary artery disease2007
74 Berg, Cynthia A.; Smith, Timothy W.Developmental approach to psychosocial risk factors and successful agingSuccessful aging has been characterized as maintaining physical health (avoiding disease), sustaining good cognitive function, and having active engagement with other people and productive activities (Rowe 8c Kahn, 1998). Although these three factors are known to be interrelated, the field has large...2007
75 Diamond, LisaIntimate same-sex relationshps of sexual minoritiesThis chapter provides an overview of current research on same-sex intimate relationships, emphasizing the most central and well-researched domains: relationship initiation, maintenance, satisfaction, and dissolution, gender-related dynamics, sexuality and sexual exclusivity, and violence and ab...Same-sex relationships; Partnering; Sexual minorities; Domestic relationships2006
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