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TitleDescriptionCreator
26 Incipient non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION)A 61-year old white man with hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidema was seen in neuro-ophthalmology consultation for asymptomatic right optic disc edema. He had a small, crowded optic disc in the left eye known as a "disc-at-risk" (Figure 1). He had normal visual function including normal 24-2 SITA...Jonathan A. Micieli, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
27 Incipient non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) evolving to symptomatic NAIONA 54-year old woman with hypertension was seen in neuro-ophthalmology consultation for asymptomatic left optic disc edema. She had a small, crowded optic disc in the right eye known as a "disc-at-risk" (Figure 1). Her visual function including 24-2 SITA-Fast Humphrey visual fields were normal in bot...Jonathan A. Micieli, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
28 Internal Carotid Artery / Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm with Third Nerve Palsy Shown on CT AngiogramInternal Carotid Artery / Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm with Third Nerve Palsy Shown on CT Angiogram ; anatomic description of vascular and bony findings on the CTA. - Figure 1 : 51 year-old man complaining of painful binocular diplopia. Orange arrows indicate the direction of gaze. In p...Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
29 Iris transilluminationSingle case of iris transillumination in a patient with albinism. Figure 1 : Anterior segment photograph demonstrating reddish hue to iris in albinism Figure 2 : Slit lamp photograph with retroillumination demonstrating iris transillumination Figure 3 : Slit lamp photograph with retroillumination...Jason Peragallo, MD, Emory Eye Center; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
30 IVth Nerve SchwannomaThis is a case of IVth cranial nerve schwannoma, showing an enhancement in the subarachnoid space consistent with the clinical presentation. Figure 1a : T1-weighted axial brain MRI Figure 1b : T1-weighted axial brain MRI : magnification of the brainstem Figure 1c : T1-weighted axial brain MRI : cr...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
31 Junctional scotoma from a sellar massThis is a case of a 55-year-old woman presenting with gradual painless vision loss in both eyes. Although visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes, there was a left relative afferent pupillary defect and diffuse pallor of both optic nerves (Figure 1). Visual fields (24-2 SITA-Fast) showed a temporal def...Jonathan A. Micieli, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
32 Large Frontal Meningioma with Mass Effect and Increased Intracranial PressureThis is a case of frontal meningioma presenting with raised intracranial pressure and bilateral papilledema responsible for visual loss. Figure 1: Goldmann visual field of the left eye. In the right eye, there was no response to the V4e. The visual field is severely constricted in the left eye. Fig...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
33 Large right hypophyseal aneurysm causing a junctional scotomaRight, multi-lobulated superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm measuring 1.6 x 1.2 x 2.2 cm with 6 mm neck causing a right junctional scotoma . Images from a brain CT with contrast, a brain CT angiography with contrast, cerebral angiogram, Humphrey visual fields and ocular fundus photographs are includ...Laurel N. Vuong, MD, Emory Eye Center, Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
34 Large Sellar and Suprasellar Mass (Pituitary Macroadenoma) with Left Third Nerve Palsy and Left Optic Tract CompressionA case of a large sellar and suprasellar pituitary macroadenoma with an associated left third nerve palsy and left optic tract compression. Images from an MRI of the brain with contrast illustrate the imaging characteristics and extent of the tumor. Figure 1 : Humphrey Visual Fields (24-2 SITA-Fast)...Devin D. Mackay, MD, Emory Eye Center; Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
35 Left RAPDVideo clip displaying pupillary examination and RAPD measurement.Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
36 Malignant Hypertension With Bilateral Optic Nerve EdemaThis is a case of malignant hypertension and severe hypertensive retinopathy. A 30-year-old woman with headache and vision loss in the left eye was found to have a markedly elevated blood pressure of 205/100. CT head without contrast showed acute hemorrhage in the right temporal-occipital junction a...Rahul A. Sharma, MD, MPH, Neuro-ophthalmology Fellow, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Michael Dattilo, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD, Cyrus H. Stoner Professor of...
37 Metastatic ovarian cancer to the left occipital lobe with complete right homonymous hemianopiaA case of metastatic ovarian cancer to the left occipital lobe with a complete right homonymous hemianopia. Humphrey visual fields as well as images from an MRI of the brain are included. Figure 1 : Humphrey visual fields showing a complete right homonymous hemianopia Figure 2 : MRI brain T1 axial...Devin D. Mackay, M.D. Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
38 MRI Characteristics of Cavernous Sinus and Superior Ophthalmic Vein Septic ThrombosisSeptic left cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis, secondary to left maxillary tooth abscess. MRI characteristics. Figure 1 : MRI Orbits (Coronal T2 with fat suppression) : Left periorbital edema (increased T2 signal, yellow arrows) extends inferiorly along the premalar tissues to ...Devin D. Mackay, M.D. Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
39 MRI findings in gliomatosis cerebriSingle case of gliomatosis cerebri identified on mulltiple MRI images pre- and post-contrast administration with axial and coronal views. Figure 1 : Axial brain MRI (T2) - Diffusely thickened and T2 hyperintense area (yellow arrows) centered within the genu of the corpus callosum with extension into...Jason Peragallo, MD, Emory Eye Center; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
40 MRI findings in optic nerve and chiasmal glioma in childhoodMultiple cases of optic pathway gliomas are demonstrated using MRI imaging. The optic pathway gliomas are identified at multiple points in the optic pathways. Figure 1 : Patient 1: Axial orbital MRI (T1 postcontrast with fat suppression) showing thickening and enhancement of the right optic nerve a...Jason Peragallo, MD, Emory Eye Center; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
41 Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) - antibody optic neuritisThis is an illustrated guide to the clinical diagnosis of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody optic neuritis.; ; Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is a glycoprotein on the surface of myelin and is found exclusively in the central nervous system (CNS). MOG likely mediates a com...Bryce Buchowicz, MD, Neuro-ophthalmology Fellow, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD, Cyrus H. Stoner Professor of Ophthalmology, Professor of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medici...
42 NeurosarcoidosisThis is an illustrated guide to the clinical diagnosis of neurosarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by non-caseating granulomas. It can affect multiple organ systems including the lungs, skin, orbit, and brain. When there is central nervous system (CNS) ...Bryce Buchowicz, MD, Neuro-ophthalmology Fellow, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD, Cyrus H. Stoner Professor of Ophthalmology, Professor of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medici...
43 Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) with segmental optic disc edemaA 75-year old white woman with hypertension and diabetes presented with a 1 week history of vision loss in the right eye. Dilated fundus examination revealed superior segmental optic disc edema in the right eye and a small, crowded optic disc in the left eye known as a "disc-at-risk" (Figure 1). Int...Jonathan A. Micieli, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
44 Nonfunctiong Pituitary Adenoma with Chiasmal CompressionThis is a case of large non-functioning pituitary adenoma with mass effect on the optic chiasm inducing loss of optic nerve fibers and subsequent visual field. Figure 1: Fundus photographs demonstrating bilateral temporal optic nerve head pallor Figure 2: Humphrey visual fields demonstrating a bitem...William Pearce, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valerie Biousse, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia
45 Normal retinal anatomyNormal posterior vitreous, retinal and chroroidal anatomy (pictures, fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography).  Figure 1: Normal fundus photograph of the left eye o a : Optic disc and fovea o b : Foveal reflex in young patients o c : Macular and foveal areas share the same center...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
46 Occipital Hemorrhagic Infarction Secondary to Bacterial Endocarditis-Congruent Homonymous Scotomatous Hemianopic DefectMRI features of occipital hemorrhage secondary to bacterial endocarditis Figure 1 : Humphrey visual fields showing a congruent homonymous scotomatous hemianopic defect Figure 2 : axial gradient echo T2*w brain MRI Figure 3 : axial T1w and T2w brain MRI Figure 4 : axial postcontrast T1w brain MRISamuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
47 Occipital Infarction with Incomplete Congruent Homonymous HemianopiaCT appearance of a remote occipital infarction. Congruent homonymous hemianopia.Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
48 Occipital Pyogenic Abscess with Homonymous HemianopiaThis is a case of right occipital abscess with a left homonymous hemianopia. Number of Figures and legend for each: 8 figures Figure 1: Humphrey visual fields: Dense left homonymous hemianopia Figure 2: T2-weighted axial MRI : Round, hyperintense lesion (yellow arrow) in the right occipital lobe sur...Rabih Hage, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
49 Ocular Fundus ExaminationReview of various techniques of ocular fundus examination, including direct ophthalmoscopy, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, slit lamp binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, and fundus photography. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique are discussed.Devin D. Mackay, M.D. Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
50 Ocular Hypoperfusion From Severe Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis68 year-old man complaining of mildly decreased vision OD with fluctuation of vision throughout the day. Fluorescein angiography shows delayed choroidal and retinal fillings, suggesting hypoperfusion of the right eye.Samuel Bidot, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Amit M. Saindane, MD, Emory Eye Center Atlanta, Georgia; Valérie Biousse, MD Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine
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