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26 Effect of grand multiparity on intrapartum and newborn complications in young women.OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of high parity on complications in young women, aged 18-34 years. METHODS: Seven years of Utah birth certificate data were reviewed (1995-2001). Young nulliparas and primiparas were compared with young grand and great grand multi-paras by using logistic regression. Y...Infant, Newborn; Parity; Pregnancy; Risk Factors; Obstetric Labor Complications2005-09
27 Eccentric strain at long muscle length evokes the repeated bout effect.The repeated bout effect (RBE) is a phenomenon characterized by less delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and torque deficit after the second of 2 separate eccentric exercise bouts. Previous investigators have reported that shifting of optimum angle after an initial bout of eccentric exercise mediat...Delayed Onset; Muscle Soreness; Popped Sarcomere; Exercise; Optimum Angle2005-11-19
28 ATGL gene is associated with free fatty acids, triglycerides, and type 2 diabetesAdipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) was recently described to predominantly perform the initial step in triglyceride hydrolysis and therefore seems to play a pivotal role in the lipolytic catabolism of stored fat in adipose tissue. In the first study investigating genetic variations within the ATGL g...Diabete, Type 2; ATGL; Fat; Triglycerides2006
29 Lumbar segmental mobility disorders: comparison of two methods of defining abnormal displacement kinematics in a cohort of patients with non-specific mechanical low back painBackground: Lumbar segmental rigidity (LSR) and lumbar segmental instability (LSI) are believed to be associated with low back pain (LBP), and identification of these disorders is believed to be useful for directing intervention choices. Previous studies have focussed on lumbar segmental rotation an...2006
30 Influence of folate on arterial permeability and stiffness in the absence or presence of hyperhomocysteinemiaElevation of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood.1 Worldwide, the most common cause of mild hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is deficiency of folate.2,3 Some4-8 but not all9,10 studies sugg...Cystathionine B-synthase; Carotid artery; Aorta; Cardiovascular risk factors; Folate; Hyperhomocysteinemia; Arterial permeability; Arterial stiffness2006
31 NDT: an essential part of the curriculumThe Neuro-Developmental Treatment approach (NDT) is an essential part of the curriculum at the University of Utah Division of Occupational Therapy. A wide range of practice models and theories are introduced during the first foundational year of coursework, including Dynamic Systems Theory, Sensory ...2006
32 Quercetin-supplemented diets lower blood pressure and attenuate cardiac hypertrophy in rats with aortic constrictionQuercetin (Q), a flavonoid found in berries and onions, can reduce blood pressure in hypertensive animals and inhibit signal transduction pathways in vitro that regulate cardiac hypertrophy. We hypothesized that quercetin could prevent cardiovascular complications in rats with abdominal aortic con...2006
33 Aerodynamic drag area of cyclists determined with field-based measuresAerodynamic drag is an important factor in the performance of competitive track and road cyclists. Recently we used wind-tunnel testing to validate a practical measure of aerodynamic drag derived from a field test. We present here instructions for performing the field test on a straight flat road or...2006-01-01
34 Serum and macular responses to antioxidant supplementation verus a carotenoid-rich dietary intervention in the elderly.The aim of this study was to observe responses of serum antioxidants, oxidative stress biomarkers, and macular carotenoid pigments to antioxidant supplements or dietary intervention in a single-masked, randomized, pilot clinical study of elderly subjects receiving antioxidant supplements or a dietar...Macula; Serum Carotenoids; Zeaxanthin2006-02-01
35 Influence of leader efficacy and emotional intelligence on personal caring in physical activityScholars in youth development, education, and sport are examining the formative contexts of classrooms, music halls, and playing fields to gain a better understanding of positive development in children. Of particular interest are the leaders in these contexts (e.g., teachers, conductors, and coach...Sport; Motivation; Pedagogy; Leader efficacy; Emotional intelligence2007
36 Understanding sprint-cycling performance: the integration of muscle power, resistance, and modelingSprint-cycling performance is paramount to competitive success in over half the world-championship and Olympic races in the sport of cycling. This review examines the current knowledge behind the interaction of propulsive and resistive forces that determine sprint performance. Because of recent inno...2007-01-01
37 Toward the development of an inventory of daily widowed life (IDWL): guided by the duel process model of coping with bereavementThe Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe & Schut, 1999) suggests that the most effective adaptation involves oscillaton between two coping processes: loss-orientation (LO) and restoration-orientation (RO). A 22-item Inventory of Daily Widowed Life (IDWL) was developed to measure t...Bereavement; Grief reaction; Widowhood; Psychological orientation; Adaptation, Psychological2007-07
38 Stuttering treatment outcomes measurement: assessing above and below the surfaceMost researchers now acknowledge that stuttering is a multidimensional disorder (Smith & Kelly, 1997). Therefore, any assessment of stuttering treatment requires a multifaceted approach. A multifaceted approach typically includes assessing both surface elements as well as elements of stuttering that...2007-11-01
39 State the obviousBefore I begin my remarks to you this evening (Figure), I would like to take a just a moment to recognize and thank a very special group of first-time conference attendees . . . my family!2008-01-01
40 Youth perceptions of a caring climate, emotional regulation and psychological well-beingThe purpose of this study was to examine the meditational effect of perceived affective self-regulatory efficacy on the relationship between youth sport participants? perceived caring climate and their mental well-being. Three hundred and 95 participants (mean age = 11.80 ? 1.54) from a National Yo...2009
41 Mammalian target of rapamycin Is a critical regulator of cardiac hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive ratsEvidence exists that protein kinase C and the mammalian target of rapamycin are important regulators of cardiac hypertrophy. We examined the contribution of these signaling kinases to cardiac growth in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Systolic blood pressure was increased (P<0.001) at 10 wee...2009
42 Fourier series approximations and low pass filtering: facilitating learning of digital signal processing for biomechanics studentsFiltering raw biomechanical data to remove noise is a key first step that must be performed prior to further biomechanical analysis. Raw biomechanical data are usually filtered to remove noise above a specified cutoff frequency, a process known as "low pass filtering". The concept of frequency conte...2009-01-01
43 Quercetin: a treatment for hypertension? - a review of efficacy and mechanismsQuercetin is a polyphenolic flavonoid. Common sources in the diet are apples, onions, berries, and red wine. Epidemiological studies have found an inverse relationship between dietary quercetin intake and cardiovascular disease. This has led to in vitro, in vivo, and clinical research to determine ...2010
44 Quercetin: a treatment for hypertension? - a review of efficacy and mechanismsQuercetin is a polyphenolic flavonoid. Common sources in the diet are apples, onions, berries, and red wine. Epidemiological studies have found an inverse relationship between dietary quercetin intake and cardiovascular disease. This has led to in vitro, in vivo, and clinical research to determine ...2010
45 The new glucose revolution: is the authoritative guide to the glycemic index the right dietary solution for lifelong health?The persistence of an epidemic of obesity, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes suggests that new nutritional strategies are needed if the epidemic is to be overcome. A promising nutritional approach suggested by this thematic review is carbohydrate restriction. Under conditions of carbohydra...2010
46 Across-talker effects on non-native listeners' vowel perecption in noiseThis study explored how across-talker differences influence non-native vowel perception. American English (AE) and Korean listeners were presented with recordings of 10 AE vowels in /bVd/ context. The stimuli were mixed with noise and presented for identification in a 10-alternative forced-choice t...2010
47 Thermus aquaticus and you: biodiversity, human health, and the interpretive challengeImagine being imprisoned for a crime you didn?t commit. How would it affect your physical, mental, and emotional health? How would it affect the health of your family and friends? Imagine your sense of helplessness when everyone who should have helped set you free? eyewitnesses, investigators, pol...2010
48 Amplification of fall risk in Parkinsons disease: the influence of comorbiditiesLong term studies examining the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) report the mean age of diagnosis to be in the mid sixties.' The diagnosis of PD typically .occurs after the presentation of motor deficits such as resting tremor, rigidity, hypokinesia, or postural instability. 2 Parkinson's di...2010
49 Charting the progression of disability in parkinson disease: study protocol for a prospective longitudinal cohort studyBackground: People with Parkinson disease (PD), even in the presence of symptomatic relief from medical, surgical, and rehabilitative interventions, face a persistent worsening of disability. This disability is characterized by diminished quality of life, reduced functional mobility, declining perf...2010
50 The physical therapy and society summit (PASS) meeting: observations and opportunitiesThe construct of delivering high-quality and cost-effective health care is in flux, and the profession must strategically plan how to meet the needs of society. In 2006, the House of Delegates of the American Physical Therapy Association passed a motion to convene a summit on ?how physical therapist...2010
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