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26 Living arrangements of older adults in sub-Saharan Africa in a time of HIV/AIDSThe detrimental consequences of the AIDS epidemic for older adults in sub-Saharan Africa suggest the need to investigate their characteristics, living situations, and well-being. In this study, we examine the living arrangements of persons aged 60 and older in 16 countries. Data come from the house...Living arrangements; Older adults; Sub-Saharan Africa; HIV/AIDS2003
27 Living arrangements of older adults in the developing world: an analysis of DHS household surveysUsing data from Demographic and Health Surveys, this study examines living arrangements of older adults in 43 developing countries and compares patterns by gender, world regions, and macro-level measures of socioeconomic development. Indicators include household size, headship, relationship to head...Demographic and Health Surveys; Living arrangements; Older adults2001
28 Macrosimulation approach to the investigation of natural fertilityThis paper is part of a long-term investigation known as the Mormon Historical Demography Project. It examines the capability of a simulation model, originally proposed by John Bongaarts (1976), to fit the natural fertility pattern which characterized the mid-nineteenth century Mormon population. Ap...Mormon Historical Demography Project; Macrosimulation; Natural fertility1982
29 Neighborhood environment and health in old age: what role do individual characteristics play in this link?This research investigates the relationship among objectively assessed neighborhood SES, subjective perceptions of neighborhood environment, and self-rated physical health among older persons. We further explore the structural and psychosocial mechanisms at the individual level underlying the observ...Community; District; Geriatric; Elderly; Healthcare2004-01-16
30 Neighborhood socioeconomic status and BMI differences by immigrant and legal status: Evidence from UtahWe build on recent work examining the BMI patterns of immigrants in the US by distinguishing between legal and undocumented immigrants. We find that undocumented women have relative odds of obesity that are about 10 percentage points higher than for legal immigrant women, and their relative odds of ...2014-01-01
31 Number of children and proximate residence among older adults in the context of population aging: a comparative analysis of six societies in the Asia-Pacific regionPopulation aging, occurring concurrently with social and economic change, has the potential to dismantle traditional support structures for older adults in the Asia-Pacific region. An example is the traditional system of living with an adult child, which may be threatened by smaller families and mor...Population; Aging; Asia-Pacific2007-08-18
32 Obesity in America, 1960-2000: is it an age, period or cohort phenomenon?Increasing rates of obesity have sparked tremendous public concern because excess body weight is linked to a host of mortality, morbidity, and disability outcomes. Using five waves of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), this project privides a four-decade pict...Health, weight; Overweight; Population trends2004-09-23
33 Older persons' AIDS knowledge and willingness to provide care in an impoverished nation: evidence from CambodiaSince the beginning of the global pandemic, assessing knowledge and attitudes regarding AIDS has been an important subject of research and for good reasons. Given the unusual features of HIV/AIDS, there is considerable potential for misunderstanding important aspects of the disease that could affect...AIDS knowledge2007
34 Parental divorce among young and adult children: a long-term quantitative analysis of mental health and family solidarityIn 2008, it was estimated that 40 percent of all marriages ended in divorce (U.S. Census, 2004) . Research has long suggested that the consequences of divorce can be profound for the children of divorced families (Amato, 2000). For example, children who experienced parental divorce were 50 percent m...2012-01-01
35 Physical activity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults in the United StatesBackground-Physical activity (PA) has been routinely linked to lower all-cause mortality, yet extant research in the United States is primarily based on non-representative samples. Evidence is scant on the relative and independent merits of leisure-time (LTPA) versus non-leisure-time (NLTPA) activit...2014-01-01
36 Position in the World Economy 1820-20072011
37 Procedure to correct proxy-reported weight in the National Health Interview Survey, 1976-2002Background: Data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) show a larger-than-expected increase in mean BMI between 1996 and 1997. Proxy-reports of height and weight were discontinued as part of the 1997 NHIS redesign, suggesting that the sharp increase between 1996 and 1997 may be artifactua...National Health Interview Survey; NHIS; Proxy-reported weight2009
38 Quantification of the familial contribution to müllerian anomaliesCases of müllerian anomalies, identified by International Classification of Diseases and Current Procedural Terminology codes from January 1994 to March 2006, were collected from the largest hospital systems in the state of Utah. All records were subsequently matched to the Utah Population Databas...Mullerian anomalies; Utah Population Database; UPDB2008
39 Racial and ethnic differences in general health status and limiting health conditions among American children: parental reports in the 1999 National Survey of America's FamiliesObjectives: This research investigates the association between race/ethnicity and child health and examines the role of family structure, family SES, and healthcare factors in this association. Five major racial/ethnic groups in the United States are studied. Two child health outcomes including pare...Socioeconomic status; Health care; Children; Race; Ethnicity2006-09-01
40 Reciprocal effects of health and economic well-being among older adults in Taiwan and BeijingThe objectives of this study are threefold: 1) to examine whether socioeconomic status disparities in health are found in non-Western settings; 2) to assess whether socioeconomic status gradients in health endure into older ages; and 3) to evaluate the direction of causality between health and soci...Well-being; Health2005
41 Residential racial composition and black-white obesity risks: differential effects of neighborhood social and built environmentThis study investigates the association between neighborhood racial composition and adult obesity risks by race and gender, and explores whether neighborhood social and built environment mediates the observed protective or detrimental effects of racial composition on obesity risks. Cross-sectional d...2014-01-01
42 Sex and ethnic differences in validity of self-reported adult height, weight and body mass indexObjectives: Describe self-reported and mea-sured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) stratified by sex and ethnicity in the United States, explore ethnic variations in the likelihood of under-reporting BMI, and investigate pathways linking race/ethnicity to the underassessment of BMI.2012-01-01
43 Shifts in coresidence among the oldest-old in China: comparing decedents and survivorsWhat we know about transitions in coresidence of older adults in China is based upon panel data involving survivors. This paper examines the tendency to shift and determinants of shifts in coresidence with adult children among very old, comparing survivors of an inter-survey period with deceden...Elderly; China; Living arrangements; Co-residence status; Mortality; End of life2008-12-30
44 Social contexts of regular smoking in adolescence: towards a multidimensional ecological modelUsing data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), this study investigates factors at the individual, family, peer, school, neighborhood, and state levels that are important for subsequent adolescent cigarette regular smoking after controlling for the baseline smoking behavio...Adolescent smoking; Social capital; Family; Neighborhood; School; Teenagers; Teenage smoking2006-09-19
45 Specification of marital fertility by parents' age, age at marriage and marital durationThe positive association between wife's age at marriage and fertility experienced at the older reproductive ages, cited in recent natural fertility literature, is explored using Mormon birth cohorts from 1840 to 1879. When this relationship is specified by husband's age at marriage and marriage dur...Marital fertility; Marital duration; Paternal age; Father's age; Mother's age1982
46 Thanks for nothing: changes in income and labor force participation for never-married mothers since 1982This study examines whether the changing social and economic characteristics of women who give birth out of wedlock have led to higher family incomes. Using Current Population Survey data collected between 1982 and 2002, we find that never-married mothers remain poor. They have made modest econom...Motherhood; Single Mothers; Income; Population surveys2006-07-26
47 The effect of household and community on school attrition: an analysis of Thai youthWe analyze school attrition among youth in Kanchanaburi province, Thailand. We find that family investments in schooling are shaped by both household and local community contexts. There is an enrollment advantage for girls across different households and communities. We find that youth whose mothers...2012-01-01
48 Toward the development of an inventory of daily widowed life (IDWL): guided by the duel process model of coping with bereavementThe Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe & Schut, 1999) suggests that the most effective adaptation involves oscillaton between two coping processes: loss-orientation (LO) and restoration-orientation (RO). A 22-item Inventory of Daily Widowed Life (IDWL) was developed to measure t...Bereavement; Grief reaction; Widowhood; Psychological orientation; Adaptation, Psychological2007-07
49 Trans-local ties, local ties and psychological well-being among rural-to-urban migrants in ShanghaiDuring the past three decades, an estimated 200 million rural residents have moved to urban centers in China. They are "sojourners" in the cities and maintain close ties with their home communities, which we term trans-local ties. This paper examines the relationship between migrants' social ties an...2012-01-01
50 Trends and transitions in children's coresidence with older adults in the Beijing municipalityThis paper examines a) whether rates of coresidence between older adults and their adult children in the Beijing municipality of China have been declining, and b) the determinants of coresidence and coresidence transitions. The reduction in family size in China and concurrent social and economic cha...Coresidence; Beijing Municipality; Old-age support2004
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