26 - 50 of 84
Number of results to display per page
CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
26 Fogel, Alan DaleDynamic systems approach to the life sciencesEach of the chapters in this book points to expanding our understanding of the multiple and complex relationships that surround development through the lifespan. In this chapter, we as the organizing committee of the Council for Human Development give a brief description and overview of the science ...Dynamic systems approach2008
27 Fogel, Alan DaleDynamic systems theory places the scientist in the systemDynamic systems theory is a way of describing the patterns that emerge from relationships in the universe. In the study of interpersonal relationships, within and between species, the scientist is an active and engaged participant in those relationships. Separation between self and other, scientist...2002
28 Friedrich, Frances; Walker, James A.Effects of parietal injury on covert orienting of visual attentionThe cognitive act of shifting attention from one place in the visual field to another can be accomplished covertly without muscular changes. The act can be viewed in terms of three internal mental operations: disengagement of attention from its current focus, moving attention to the target, and enga...Dominance, Cerebral; Attention; Extinction, Psychological1984-07
29 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Emergence of dynamic form through phase relations in dynamic systemsGregory Bateson construes mental process as the flow and transforms of differences in a system. Stuart Kauffman uses NK Boolean systems to model the emergence of order in biological evolution. Because the Boolean base (0, 1) maps to Bateson's idea of difference, we simulate Bateson's epistemology wi...Systems; Psychology; Models2005-10-24
30 Drews, Frank; Westenskow, Dwayne R.; Bermudez, Julio Cesar; Syroid, Noah Daniel; Agutter, James A.; Strayer, David LeeEvaluation of a cardiovascular display in a high fidelity simulatorHuman error in anesthesia can be attributed to misleading information from patient monitors or to the physician's failure to recognize a pattern. A graphic representation of monitored data may provide better support for detection, diagnosis, and treatment. We designed a graphic display to show hemod...Patient monitors; Visual information; Graphic displays2003
31 Fogel, Alan DaleExpressing affection and love to young childrenFew people would seriously contest the proposition that children need love. The belief that children thrive on love is not universal, but in our western culture it has become the foundation for the work of educators and parents (Kagan, 1978). Yet, for all of our certainty about the principle, the p...Expressing affection1980
32 Jones, Bryan W.; Jones, Christopher R.; Czajkowski, LauraFamilial advanced sleep-phase syndrome: a short-period circadian rhythmvariant in humansBiological circadian clocks oscillate with an approximately 24-hour period, are ubiquitous, and presumably confer a selective advantage by anticipating the transitions between day and night. The circadian rhythms of sleep, melatonin secretion and body core temperature are thought to be generated by ...Activity Cycles; Matched-Pair Analysis; Polysomnography1999
33 White, Paul H.Flexible correction processes in social judgment: implications for persuasionTwo experiments were conducted to examine correction for perceived bias in persuasion situations. Study 1 showed that, although a manipulation of source likability had an impact on attitudes when no instruction to remove bias was present, when people were asked to remove any bias from their judgmen...Manipulation; Likability; Biasing1998
34 Hartmann, Donald P.Forcing square pegs into round holes: Some comments on "An Analysis-of-Variance Model for the Intrasubject Replication DesignThis paper critically examines the application of fixed-effect one-way analysis-of-variance procedures to learning data from a single subject. Procedures more appropriate for data obtained from intrasubject replication designs are briefly described.ANOVA; Variance analysis; Behavior analysis1974
35 Fogel, Alan DaleHikikomori in Japanese youth: some possible pathways for alleviating this problem from the perspective of dynamic systems theoryIn this paper, we will discuss the problem of hikikomori, in which an individual remains at home, typically isolated in the bedroom, with limited contact to the outside world. Hikikomori has been discussed primarily from a psychological perspective in Japan. In this paper, we take dynamic systems pe...Social withdrawal; Dynamic systems theory2006
36 Florsheim, Paul W.Hostile personality traits and coronary artery calcification in middle-aged and older married couples: different effects for self-reports versus spouse ratingsTo examine the association between hostile personality traits and coronary artery disease (CAD) and the role of aspects of hostility, method of assessment, and age as influences on its magnitude, as prior studies of hostility and coronary artery calcification (CAC) have produced conflicting findings...hostility; anger; antagonism; agreeableness; coronary artery calcification; coronary artery disease2007
37 Berg, Cynthia A.; Smith, Timothy W.; Uchino, Bert N.; Hopkins, Paul N.; Yoon, Hyo-ChunHostile personality traits and coronary artery calcification in middle-aged and older married couples: different effects for self-reports versus spouse ratingsObjective: To examine the association between hostile personality traits and coronary artery disease (CAD) and the role of aspects of hostility, method of assessment, and age as influences on its magnitude, as prior studies of hostility and coronary artery calcification (CAC) have produced conflicti...2007-06-01
38 Diamond, LisaHow do I love thee? Implications of attachment theory for understanding same-sex love and desireHazan and Shaver's (1987) seminal notion that romantic love is an adult "version" of infant-caregiver attachment radically transformed our understanding of the nature and dynamics of adult intimate pair bonds, and the reverberations of this conceptual turning point continue to shape psychological re...Attachment Behavior; Psychology; Research; Romantic relationships2004
39 Sansone, CarolHow students socially evaluate interest: peer responsiveness influences evaluation and maintenance of interestSocial influences (e.g., by teachers, parents and peers) on students' experience of interest are typically described in terms of affecting students' initial choice of and/or completion of specific educational activities. When considered within the framework of the Self-Regulation of Motivation (SRM)...2012-01-01
40 Fogel, Alan DaleHuman development in the twenty-first century: visionary ideas from systems scientistsThe dynamic systems approach is an emerging interdisciplinary set of principles used by a diverse collection of scientists to help understand the complex world in which we live. The main insight that unites these scientists, despite wide differences in methods and concepts, is a focus on connection...2008
41 Sansone, CarolImproving the dependability of research in personality and social psychology: recommendations for research and educational practiceThe Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) Presidential Task Force on Publication and Research Practices was appointed in response to concerns about the dependability and replicability of research findings in personality and social psychology, a problem that also plagues fields as dive...2014-01-01
42 Berg, Cynthia A.Individual differences in script reports: implications for language assessmentWhen individuals are asked to describe routine events, their descriptions often exhibit characteristics of script reports (Schank & Abelson, 1977). A script has been defined as a set of expectations individuals have about routine events that is organized in a temporal-causal sequence of acts or sing...Script reports; Language assessment1990
43 Berg, Cynthia A.Intellectual development in adulthoodAs for writing, I still write - at age 72. My experience is that I have to strive harder, tire sooner and come apart at the seams more completely than was the case when I was younger. The aging mind has a bagful of nasty tricks, one of which is to tuck names and words away in crannies where they arc...Intellectual development2000
44 Hartmann, Donald P.Interrupted time-series analysis and its application to behavioral dataThis paper uses a question-and-answer format to present the technical aspects of interrupted time-series analysis (ITSA). Topics include the potential relevance of ITSA to behavioral researchers, serial dependency, time-series models, tests of significance, and sources of ITSA information.Data Analysis; Methodology; Serial Dependency; Interrupted Time-Series Analysis1980-12
45 Diamond, LisaIntimate same-sex relationshps of sexual minoritiesThis chapter provides an overview of current research on same-sex intimate relationships, emphasizing the most central and well-researched domains: relationship initiation, maintenance, satisfaction, and dissolution, gender-related dynamics, sexuality and sexual exclusivity, and violence and ab...Same-sex relationships; Partnering; Sexual minorities; Domestic relationships2006
46 Malloy, Thomas E.Logic of logic and the logic of dreams.For Bateson explanation is the mapping of description onto tautology. "An explanation has to provide something more than a description provides, and in the end, an explanation appeals to a tautology, which as I have defined it, is a body of propositions so linked together that the links between the ...Science; Psychology; Dreams2006-02
47 Malloy, Thomas E.MERLOT: a faculty-focused website of educational resourcesThe Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching (MERLOT) is a community of academic institutions, professional discipline organizations, and individual people building a collection of Web-based teaching and learning resources where faculty can easily find peer-reviewed material...Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching; MERLOT; Digital learning materials2001
48 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Mapping Bateson's Epistemology to Boolean Dynamic System: 1. The Emergence of Dynamic Form & 2. Hierarchies Form.Gregory Bateson (e.g., 2002, p. 85ff; 2000, p. 457-460) construed knowledge to be the propogation of "difference" in a complex network, noting (2000 p. 460) that "the transform of difference travelling in a circuit is an elementary idea." The idea of difference is coded as 0 and 1 in Boolean system...Network; Complex; Psychology; Mind; Nature2006-07-10
49 Malloy, Thomas E.; Jensen, Gary C.Mapping Gregory Bateson's epistemology to nonlinear dynamic systems theory: dynamic form and hierarchies of knowledgeGregory Bateson construes mental process as the flow and transform of differences in a system whether the system be a single human or a complex ecology. Stuart Kauffman uses NK Boolean systems to model the self-organization of order in biological evolution. Because the Boolean base (0, 1) maps to Ba...Network; Complex; Psychology; Mind; Nature2006-10-23
50 Smith, Timothy W.Marital discord and coronary artery disease: a comparison of behaviorally defined discrete groupsObjective: Marital difficulties can confer risk of coronary heart disease, as in a study of outwardly healthy couples (T. W. Smith et al., 2011) where behavioral ratings of low affiliation and high control during marital disagreements were associated with asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). ...2012-01-01
26 - 50 of 84