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CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
26 Digre, Kathleen B.; Blumenthal, Deborah T.; Salzman, Karen L.; Jensen, Randy L.; Dunson, William A.Early pathologic findings and long-term improvement in anti-Ma2-associated encephalitis.A 67-year-old man sequentially developed anti-Ma2-associated paraneoplastic encephalitis (PNE) and contralateral herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Brain biopsy 1 month before HSE revealed extensive infiltrates of T cells, B cells, and plasma cells. Most T cells expressed the cytotoxic granule-assoc...Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders; Encephalitis; Neoplasm;Herpes Simplex2006-07-11
27 Bernstein, Paul S.Retinal tubulin binds macular carotenoidsPURPOSE: To investigate the biochemical mechanisms responsible for the specific uptake, concentration, and stabilization of the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin in the macula. METHODS: Soluble extracts of bovine retina mixed with radioactive carotenoids were purified by hydrophobic interaction, ion...Chromatography, Gel; Electrophoresis; Xanthophylls1997
28 Olson, Randall J.Early experiences with microphacoMicrophaco is the separation of irrigation from aspiration that allows removal of cataracts through sub-2mm incisions. While proven intraocular lenses (IOLs) are not available at this time to take advantage of the small wounds, these wounds are advantageous from a separating irrigation standpoint w...Microphaco; Cataracts; Irrigation; Wounds2004
29 Olson, Randall J.Glistenings with long-term follow-up of the Surgidev B20/20 polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lensPURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction with vision 12 months after implantation of a silicone or acrylic foldable intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients who had uneventfu...Phacoemulsification; Lens Implantation, Intraocular; Glare2001-10
30 Baehr, Wolfgang; Zhang, Kang; Kolb, HelgaGene array and expression of mouse retina guanylate cyclase activating proteins 1 and 2PURPOSE: To identify gene arrangement, chromosomal localization, and expression pattern of mouse guanylate cyclase activating proteins GCAP1 and GCAP2, retina-specific Ca2+-binding proteins, and photoreceptor guanylate cyclase activators. METHODS: The GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes were cloned from genomic l...Molecular Sequence Data; Guanylate Cyclase-Activating Proteins; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence1998
31 Normann, Richard A.; Kolb, Helga; Lasater, Eric M.Signal integration at the pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors: an anatomical and electrophysiological studyThe morphology of the axon which connects the cell body and pedicle of turtle cone photoreceptors was studied by light and electron microscopy. The axon which contains numerous synaptic vesicles, some endoplasmic reticulum, and a few cisternae is basically filled with cytoplasm. The length of the ax...Cone Photoreceptor, Voltage Clamp; Isolated Cells; Input Resistance; Cell Body-Pedicle Coupling1989
32 Baehr, WolfgangCalcium-sensitive particulate guanylyl cyclase as a modulator of cAMP in olfactory receptor neuronsThe second messengers cAMP and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate have been implicated in olfaction in various species. The odorant-induced cGMP response was investigated using cilia preparations and olfactory primary cultures. Odorants cause a delayed and sustained elevation of cGMP. A component of this c...Calcium-Binding Proteins; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Rats, Sprague-Dawley1998
33 Kriesel, John D.; Spruance, Spotswood L.; Daynes, Raymond A.Nucleic acid vaccine encoding gD2 protects mice from herpes simplex virus type 2 disease.Nucleic acid vaccinations with plasmids pWW65, containing the sequence for herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) gD2, and pRSVnt, lacking the gD sequence, were studied. Groups of mice were immunized with pWW65 alone, pWW65 plus 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (D3), or pRSVnt. Clinical disease (vaginitis), serum an...Mice, Inbred BALB C; Plasmids; Viral Vaccines1996
34 Bernstein, Paul S.; Gellermann, WernerNonmydriatic fluorescence-based quantitative imaging of human macular pigment distributions.We have developed a CCD-camera-based nonmydriatic instrument that detects fluorescence from retinal lipofuscin chromophores ("autofluorescence") as a means to indirectly quantify and spatially image the distribution of macular pigment (MP). The lipofuscin fluorescence intensity is reduced at all ret...Cytology; Sensitivity and Specificity2006-10
35 Digre, Kathleen B.; Schmidt, Richard H.; Osborne, Anne G.; Patel, Bhupendra C.; Pratt, David; Rietz, Lisa A.Compressive optic neuropathy caused by renal osteodystrophy. Case report.Compressive optic neuropathy with acute or chronic vision loss has been associated with various skull base tumors, aneurysms, Graves disease, trauma, and, less commonly, fibrous dysplasia and osteopetrosis. The Author's present a case of acute visual deterioration in a 25-year-old woman who had mass...Optic Neuropathy; Optic Nerve Decompression; Renal Osteodystrophy2001-10
36 Baehr, WolfgangMetabolism and transactivation activity of 13,14-dihydroretinoic acidThe metabolism of vitamin A is a highly regulated process that generates essential mediators involved in the development, cellular differentiation, immunity, and vision of vertebrates. Retinol saturase converts all-trans-retinol to all-trans-13,14-dihydroretinol (Moise, A. R., Kuksa, V., Imanishi, Y...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Retinoid X Receptors2005
37 Baehr, WolfgangNovel GCAP1 missense mutation (L151F) in a large family with autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (adCORD)PURPOSE: To elucidate the phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of a novel mutation associated with autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (adCORD). METHODS: Twenty-three family members of a CORD pedigree underwent clinical examinations, including visual acuity tests, standardized full-field ERG...Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational; Guanylate Cyclase-Activating Proteins; DNA Mutational Analysis2005
38 Zhang, Kang; Yang, Zhenglin; Jiang, LiMutations in LRP5 or FZD4 underlie the common familial exudative vitreoretinopathy locus on chromosome 11qFamilial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is an inherited blinding disorder of the retinal vascular system. Autosomal dominant FEVR is genetically heterogeneous, but its principal locus, EVR1, is on chromosome 11q13-q23. The gene encoding the Wnt receptor frizzled-4 (FZD4) was recently reported ...Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy; FEVR; Inherited blinding disorders2004
39 Larson, Scott A.Strabismus surgery complications: prevention and managementStrabismus surgery is increasingly becoming a subspecialty domain, especially with cyclovertical muscles, restricted muscles, or reoperations. While is impossible to completely eliminate complications from strabimus surgery, it is possible to minimize their occurrence and significance by proper prev...Malignant hyperthermia; Overcorrection; Strabismus; Surgery; Undercorrection2003
40 Baehr, Wolfgang; Thulin, CraigImmunolocalization and divergent roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retinaPURPOSE: These investigations were undertaken to compare and contrast the roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retina. METHODS: Phosducin and phosducin-like protein were compared in an in vitro assay measuring their inhibition of transducin binding to light-activated rhodopsin. The t...Antibody Specificity; Protein Binding; Rod Outer Segments1999
41 Normann, Richard A.; Clark, Gregory A.; McDonnall, DanielSelective motor unit recruitment via intrafascicular multielectrode stimulationRecruitment of force via independent asynchronous firing of large numbers of motor units produces the grace and endurance of physiological motion. We have investigated the possibility of reproducing this physiological recruitment strategy by determining the selectivity of access to large numbers of ...Funtional Neuromuscular Stimulation; Microelectrode Array; Neuroprosthesis; Intrafascicular Multielectrode Stimulation; Cats2004
42 Baehr, WolfgangCharacterization of the chicken GCAP gene array and analyses of GCAP1, GCAP2, and GC1 gene expression in normal and rd chicken pinealPURPOSE: This study had three objectives: (1) to characterize the structures of the chicken GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes; (2) to determine if GCAP1, GCAP2, and GC1 genes are expressed in chicken pineal gland; (3) if GC1 is expressed in chicken pineal, to determine if the GC1 null mutation carried by the re...Molecular Sequence Data; Promoter Regions (Genetics); Retinal Degeneration1999
43 Baehr, WolfgangRole of photoreceptor-specific retinol dehyrogenase (prRDH) in the retinoid cycle in vivoThe retinoid cycle is a recycling system that replenishes the 11-cis-retinal chromophore of rhodopsin and cone pigments. Photoreceptor-specific retinol dehydrogenase (prRDH) catalyzes reduction of all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinol and is thought to be a key enzyme in the retinoid cycle. We d...Rhodopsin, Photoreceptors; prRDH (RDH8); All-trans-RDH; A2E; Retinoid cycle; Dark adaptation2005
44 Bernstein, Paul S.Transformations of selected carotenoids in plasma, liver, and ocular tissues of humans and in nonprimate animal modelsPURPOSE: To determine the stereochemistry of carotenoids in human ocular tissues in comparison with plasma and liver and to elucidate the possible transformations of dietary (3R,3'R,6'R)-lutein and (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin in the eye. Similarly, to characterize the carotenoid profiles in the eye tissues,...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Stereoisomerism; Xanthophylls2002
45 Baehr, WolfgangMolecular characterization of human and mouse photoreceptor guanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) and chromosomal localization of the human geneGuanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) is a novel Ca(2+)-binding protein that stimulates synthesis of cGMP in photoreceptors. Molecular cloning of human and mouse GCAP cDNA revealed that the known mammalian GCAPs are more than 90% similar, consist of 201-205 amino acids, and contain three ident...Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular1994
46 Normann, Richard A.; Abbasi, Masoud; Johansson,TorbjornSilicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
47 Bernstein, Paul S.Identification of lutein and zeaxanthin oxidation products in human and monkey retinasPURPOSE: To characterize fully all the major and minor carotenoids and their metabolites in human retina and probe for the presence of the oxidative metabolites of lutein and zeaxanthin. METHODS: Carotenoids of a composite of 58 pairs of human retinas and a monkey retina were elucidated by comparing...Mass Spectrometry; Oxidation-Reduction; Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet1997
48 Frederick, Jeanne M.Neurotransmitter properties of the newborn human retina.Human retinal tissue from a newborn was examined autoradiographically for the presence of highaffinity uptake and localization of the following putative neurotransmitters: dopamine, glycine, GAB A, aspartate, and glutamate. In addition, the dopamine content of this newborn retina was measured by ...Newborn; Human Retina; Neurotransmitter Properties; Photoreceptors1983
49 Normann, Richard A.Effects of GABA and related drugs on horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaThe role of GABA in the outer plexiform layer of the turtle retina has been examined by intracellular recordings from L- and C-type horizontal cells in the isolated retina preparation. GABA (1-5 mM) slightly depolarized the L-type horizontal cells, reduced the amplitude of their photoresponses, and ...Retina; Horizontal Cells; Synapse; Negative Feedback; GABA; Turtle1990
50 Olson, Randall J.; Spencer, Terrence S.; Mamalis, NickThree-year clinical comparison of 3-piece AcrySof and SI-40 silicone intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare the 3-year performance of the 3-piece AcrySof (Alcon) and the SI-40 silicone (Allergan) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with no complications and at least a...Acrylic Resins; Silicone Elastomers; Prosthesis Design; Postoperative Complications; Patient Satisfaction; Cataract2002-07
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