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26 Role of photoreceptor-specific retinol dehyrogenase (prRDH) in the retinoid cycle in vivoThe retinoid cycle is a recycling system that replenishes the 11-cis-retinal chromophore of rhodopsin and cone pigments. Photoreceptor-specific retinol dehydrogenase (prRDH) catalyzes reduction of all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinol and is thought to be a key enzyme in the retinoid cycle. We d...Rhodopsin, Photoreceptors; prRDH (RDH8); All-trans-RDH; A2E; Retinoid cycle; Dark adaptation2005
27 Transformations of selected carotenoids in plasma, liver, and ocular tissues of humans and in nonprimate animal modelsPURPOSE: To determine the stereochemistry of carotenoids in human ocular tissues in comparison with plasma and liver and to elucidate the possible transformations of dietary (3R,3'R,6'R)-lutein and (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin in the eye. Similarly, to characterize the carotenoid profiles in the eye tissues,...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Stereoisomerism; Xanthophylls2002
28 Molecular characterization of human and mouse photoreceptor guanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) and chromosomal localization of the human geneGuanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) is a novel Ca(2+)-binding protein that stimulates synthesis of cGMP in photoreceptors. Molecular cloning of human and mouse GCAP cDNA revealed that the known mammalian GCAPs are more than 90% similar, consist of 201-205 amino acids, and contain three ident...Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular1994
29 Silicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
30 Identification of lutein and zeaxanthin oxidation products in human and monkey retinasPURPOSE: To characterize fully all the major and minor carotenoids and their metabolites in human retina and probe for the presence of the oxidative metabolites of lutein and zeaxanthin. METHODS: Carotenoids of a composite of 58 pairs of human retinas and a monkey retina were elucidated by comparing...Mass Spectrometry; Oxidation-Reduction; Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet1997
31 Neurotransmitter properties of the newborn human retina.Human retinal tissue from a newborn was examined autoradiographically for the presence of highaffinity uptake and localization of the following putative neurotransmitters: dopamine, glycine, GAB A, aspartate, and glutamate. In addition, the dopamine content of this newborn retina was measured by ...Newborn; Human Retina; Neurotransmitter Properties; Photoreceptors1983
32 Effects of GABA and related drugs on horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaThe role of GABA in the outer plexiform layer of the turtle retina has been examined by intracellular recordings from L- and C-type horizontal cells in the isolated retina preparation. GABA (1-5 mM) slightly depolarized the L-type horizontal cells, reduced the amplitude of their photoresponses, and ...Retina; Horizontal Cells; Synapse; Negative Feedback; GABA; Turtle1990
33 Three-year clinical comparison of 3-piece AcrySof and SI-40 silicone intraocular lensesPURPOSE: To compare the 3-year performance of the 3-piece AcrySof (Alcon) and the SI-40 silicone (Allergan) intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with no complications and at least a...Acrylic Resins; Silicone Elastomers; Prosthesis Design; Postoperative Complications; Patient Satisfaction; Cataract2002-07
34 Efficacy and wound-temperature gradient of WhiteStar technology phacoemulsification through a 1.2 mm incisionPURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and wound-temperature gradients of WhiteStar micropulse technology using bimanual phacoemulsification without an irrigation sleeve through a 1.2 mm incision. SETTING: Island Eye Surgicenter, Carle Place, New York, USA. METHODS: Ten patients had bimanual phacoemulsif...Endothelium, Corneal; Surgical Procedures; Lens Implantation; Wound Temperature gradient2003-06
35 Inhibitors of metalloendoprotease activity prevent K+-stimulated neurotransmitter release from the retina of Xenopus laevis.Metalloendoprotease activity was identified in retinal homogenates using a synthetic fluorogenic metalloendoprotease substrate and specific metalloendoprotease inhibitors. The requirement of metalloendoprotease activity in neurotransmitter release was examined during the depolarization-induced relea...Neuromuscular Junction; Neurotransmitter Agents; Membrane Fusion1984
36 Neural interface for a cortical vision prosthesisThe development of a cortically based vision prosthesis has been hampered by a lack of basic experiments on phosphene psychophysics. This basic research has been hampered by the lack of a means to safely stimulate large numbers of cortical neurons. Recently, a number of laboratories have developed a...Neuroprosthetics; Artificial Vision; Electrode Arrays; Multielectrode Recordings; Biocompatibility1999
37 Intraoperative crystallization on the intraocular lens surfacePURPOSE: To report a physician survey, laboratory studies, and clinical observations of intraoperative crystallization on the surface of the intraocular lens (IOL). METHOD: We sent a survey to all ophthalmologists in the states of Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Utah, and Colorado asking whether crystalliz...Cataract Extraction; Intraoperative Complications; Risk Factors1998-08
38 Neural organization of the retina of the turtle Mauremys caspica: a light microscope and Golgi studyThe organization of the retina of the turtle species Mauremys caspica, found in fresh water ponds of Israel, has been examined by light microscopical techniques including examination of fresh wholemount retina, one micron blue-stained vertical sections and Golgi-stained material. The anatomical find...Turtle Retina; Photoreceptors; Golgi Technique; Amarcine Cells1988
39 Cohort study of 27 cases of endophthalmitis at a single institutionPURPOSE: To identify potential risk factors associated with post-cataract surgery bacterial endophthalmitis. SETTING: The John A. Moran Eye Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study consisted of patients who had surgery for cataract(s) at this eye hospital. A 10% sa...Cataract Extraction; Endophthalmitis; Wound Healing; Risk Factors2005-04
40 Layer-specific programs of development in neocortical projection neuronsHow are long-range axonal projections from the cerebral cortex orchestrated during development? By using both passively and actively transported axonal tracers in fetal and postnatal ferrets, we have analyzed the development of projections from the cortex to a number of thalamic nuclei. We report th...Axonal Transport; Efferent Pathways; Brain Mapping1995
41 CT and hemifacial spasm.Forty-six patients with typical hemifacial spasm had CT. Thirty-eight (83%) were abnormal, including two with surgically documented tumors. Thirty-six had a characteristic dolichoectatic vertebrobasilar artery, with the convexity pointing to the side of the spasm in 92% of the scans. This study sugg...Hemifacial spasms; Tumors; Dolichoectiatic vertebrobasilar artery1988-07
42 Genotype-phenotype analysis of ABCR variants in macular degeneration probands and siblingsPURPOSE: Single-copy variants of the autosomal recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1) gene ABCR (ABCA4) have been shown to confer enhanced susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). To investigate the role of ABCR alleles in AMD further, genotype-phenotype analysis was performed on sibli...DNA Mutational Analysis; Nuclear Family; Phenotype2002
43 Penetrating keratoplasty for keratoconus: a long-term review of results and complicationsPURPOSE: To study the long-term complications of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) to evaluate current recommendations to patients with keratoconus. SETTING: John Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: Retrospective study of all PKP procedures for keratoconus performe...Visual Acuity; Refraction, Ocular; Keratoconus; Astigmatism2000-07
44 Postoperative sterile endophthalmitis (TASS) associated with the memorylensPURPOSE: To report 10 cases of delayed-onset acute intraocular inflammation following cataract extraction and posterior chamber implantation of the MemoryLens(R) intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. MET...Memory Lens; Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome; Retrospective Studies; adverse effects2000-12
45 Background and bleaching adaptation in luminosity type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retina1. The effects of background illumination and bleached photopigment on luminosity type horizontal cells were studied in the isolated turtle retina. 2. Background illumination, which produced less than 60% bleaching, hyperpolarized and desensitized the horizontal cells to a degree which depended upon...Turtles; Retina; Photoreceptors; Bleached photopigment; Dark Adaptation1990
46 Guanylyl cyclase activating protein. A calcium-sensitive regulator of phototransductionGuanylyl cyclase activating protein (GCAP1) has been proposed to act as a calcium-dependent regulator of retinal photoreceptor guanylyl cyclase (GC) activity. Using immunocytochemical and biochemical methods, we show here that GCAP1 is present in rod and cone photoreceptor outer segments where photo...Cloning, Molecular; DNA Primers; Molecular Sequence Data1995
47 100 electrode intracortical array: structural variabilityA technique has been developed for fabricating three dimensional "hair brush" electrode arrays from monocrystalline silicon blocks. Arrays consist of a square pattern of 100 penetrating electrodes, with 400 microns interelectrode spacing. Each electrode is 1.5mm in length and tapers from about 100 m...Microelectrode arrays; Stimulation; Micromachining1990
48 Wound complications associated with incision enlargement for foldable intraocular lens implantation during cataract surgeryPURPOSE: To determine the relationship between various intraocular lens (IOL) types and the incidence of unwanted light images. SETTING: The Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. METHODS: A telephone questionnaire was administered to 302 postoperative patients who had rece...Cararact Surgery; Incision Enlargement; Wound Complications; Vision Disorders2000-06
49 Elovl4 mRNA distribution in the developing mouse retina and phylogenetic conservation of Elovl4 genesPURPOSE: Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3) is an autosomal dominant form of early onset macular degeneration. The disease causing gene ELOVL4 encodes a protein that belongs to a family of proteins functioning in elongation of long chain fatty acids. The purpose of this study is to characteriz...Amino Acid Sequence; Cloning, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data2003
50 Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
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