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26 Normann, Richard A.Effects of GABA and related drugs on horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaThe role of GABA in the outer plexiform layer of the turtle retina has been examined by intracellular recordings from L- and C-type horizontal cells in the isolated retina preparation. GABA (1-5 mM) slightly depolarized the L-type horizontal cells, reduced the amplitude of their photoresponses, and ...Retina; Horizontal Cells; Synapse; Negative Feedback; GABA; Turtle1990
27 Normann, Richard A.Background and bleaching adaptation in luminosity type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retina1. The effects of background illumination and bleached photopigment on luminosity type horizontal cells were studied in the isolated turtle retina. 2. Background illumination, which produced less than 60% bleaching, hyperpolarized and desensitized the horizontal cells to a degree which depended upon...Turtles; Retina; Photoreceptors; Bleached photopigment; Dark Adaptation1990
28 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.100 electrode intracortical array: structural variabilityA technique has been developed for fabricating three dimensional "hair brush" electrode arrays from monocrystalline silicon blocks. Arrays consist of a square pattern of 100 penetrating electrodes, with 400 microns interelectrode spacing. Each electrode is 1.5mm in length and tapers from about 100 m...Microelectrode arrays; Stimulation; Micromachining1990
29 Zhang, KangMolecular and developmental characterization of the heat shock cognate 4 gene of Drosophila melanogasterThe Drosophila heat shock cognate gene 4 (hsc4), a member of the hsp70 gene family, encodes an abundant protein, hsc70, that is more similar to the constitutively expressed human protein than the Drosophila heat-inducible hsp70. Developmental expression revealed that hsc4 transcripts are enriched in...Embryo, Nonmammalian; Molecular Sequence Data1990
30 Baehr, WolfgangMouse opsin. Gene structure and molecular basis of multiple transcriptsThe single copy mouse opsin gene produces five major transcripts, varying in size from 1.7 to 5.1 kilobases. The mRNAs are present at levels that vary over 2 orders of magnitude and can be detected as early as postnatal day 1. Each of the transcripts is polyadenylated and can be identified in polyso...Polyribosomes; Restriction Mapping; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid1990
31 Normann, Richard A.; Chandler, John P.Effects of calcium ions on L-type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaA technique by which the retina can be isolated from the turtle eye is described. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological variability between preparations and also between regions of the same one. Large areas were often totally free of any pigment epithelial cells, yet contained a high p...Retina; Calcium; Horizontal Cell; Turtle1990
32 Baehr, WolfgangTissue-specific expression in transgenic mice directed by the 5'-flanking sequences of the human gene encoding interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding proteinInterphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) is an extracellular protein that has been suggested to participate in the visual process as a carrier for visual retinoids. A chimeric gene composed of the human IRBP promoter fused to the bacterial reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (C...Restriction Mapping; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; Mice; Gene Expression1990-05-25
33 Jaeckle, Kurt A.; Digre, Kathleen B.; Jones, Christopher R.; Bailey, Peter L.Central neurogenic hyperventilation: pharmacologic intervention with morphine sulfate and correlative analysis of respiratory, sleep, and ocular motor dysfunction.Central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH), for which there is no effective therapy, can eventually result in respiratory fatigue and death. This report describes a patient with CNH due to a brainstem anaplastic astrocytoma who also exhibited disturbances of sleep and ocular motor function. The CNH r...Central Neurogenic H yperventilation; Ocular Motor Dysfunction1990-11
34 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.; Huber, Robert J.; Horch, Kenneth W.Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
35 Normann, Richard A.; Muller, Jay F.; Kolb, HelgaSynaptic inputs to physiologically defined turtle retinal ganglion cellsTwo physiologically distinct, HRP-marked turtle retinal ganglion cells were examined for their morphology, GABAergic, glycinergic, and bipolar cell synaptic inputs, using electron-microscopic autoradiography and postembedding immunocytochemistry. One cell was a color-opponent, transient ON/OFF gangl...Turtles; Neural Pathways; Synapes; Retinal Ganglion Cells1991
36 Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Grosshans, Onie; Caserta, Michael; Saffel-Shrier, Susan; Tuohig, GailIntervening in midlife for optimal retirement: a guide for health educatorsFactors contributing to successful retirement deserve increased attention given the rapid growth of the aging population. Antecedent to successful retirement is successful aging. The middle aged population is an opportune target for health promotion and health education interventions as this group...Retirement; Aging Process;Education Interventions; Health Promotion1991-10
37 Baehr, WolfgangPrimary structure and chromosomal localization of human and mouse rod photoreceptor cGMP-gated cation channelWe have determined the primary structures of the human and mouse retinal rod cGMP-gated cation channel by analysis of cDNA clones and amplified DNA. The open reading frames predicted polypeptides of 690 and 683 residues exhibiting 88% sequence similarity. Sequence comparison indicated that the rod c...Restriction Mapping; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 41992
38 Baehr, WolfgangIn vitro isoprenylation and membrane association of mouse rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase alpha and beta subunits expressed in bacteriaWe investigated the specificity of CAAX box-related isoprenylation of rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) subunits expressed in bacteria and the consequences of this modification on rod disk membrane association. Full-length cDNA sequences of the alpha and beta subunits of mouse PDE, inse...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Molecular Sequence Data1992
39 Normann, Richard A.; Abbasi, Masoud; Johansson,TorbjornSilicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
40 Baehr, WolfgangBilateral retinal and brain tumors in transgenic mice expressing simian virus 40 large T antigen under control of the human interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein promoterWe have previously shown that postnatal expression of the viral oncoprotein SV40 T antigen in rod photoreceptors (transgene MOT1), at a time when retinal cells have withdrawn from the mitotic cycle, leads to photoreceptor cell death (Al-Ubaidi et al., 1992. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 89:1194-1198)....Simian virus 40; Retinol-Binding Proteins; Promoter Regions (Genetics)1992
41 Normann, Richard A.; Horch, Kenneth W.; Cha, KichulMobility performance with a pixelized vision systemA visual prosthesis, based on electrical stimulation of the visual cortex, has been suggested as a means for partially restoring functional vision in the blind. The prosthesis would create a pixelized visual sense consisting of punctate spots of light (phosphenes). The present study investigated the...Visual Prosthesis; Mobility; Phosphene Simulator1992
42 Normann, Richard A.; Johansson,Torbjorn; Abbasi, Masoud; Huber, Robert J.Three-dimensional architecture for a parallel processing photosensing arrayA three-dimensional architecture for a photosensing array has been developed. This silicon based architecture consists of a 10 x 10 array of photosensors with 80 microns diameter, through chip interconnects to the back side of a 500 microns thick silicon wafer. Each photosensor consists of a 300 x 3...Retina; Optics; Silicon; Photosensing1992
43 Digre, Kathleen B.Selective MR imaging approach for evaluation of patients with Horner's syndrome.PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of MR in the evaluation of patients with Horner's syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively performed MR imaging in 33 patients with Horner's syndrome (13 preganglionic and 20 postganglionic) using a protocol specifically designed for pre- and postganglionic ...Horner Syndrome; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Epidemiology1992-01
44 Digre, Kathleen B.; Mamalis, Nick; White, George L. Jr.Congenital anomalies of the optic nerve in one family.We present three cases of congenital optic disc anomalies in one family who underwent an extensive diagnostic workup to exclude any intracranial pathology. One patient had elevated optic nerve heads and was hospitalized for multiple diagnostic tests including a lumbar puncture and magnetic resonance...Optic Nerve; Congenital Anomalies1992-04-24
45 Digre, Kathleen B.; Skuster, Denise Z.Neurologic conditions presenting as psychiatric disorders.Understanding underlying neuroanatomic function helps physicians to localize defects and search for treatable neurologic conditions. Neurologic conditions such as Huntington's chorea, Wilson's disease, Gille de la Tourette syndrome, brain tumors, encephalitis and meningitis, neurodegenerative condit...Psychiatric Diagnosis; Neurologic Disease1992-06-15
46 Kriesel, John D.; Spruance, Spotswood L.Rocky Mountain spotted fever following cardiac transplantation.ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER was first recognized in the early 1 900s in the Snake River Valley of Idaho and the Bitterroot Valley of western Montana.t In 1909, Howard Taylor Ricketts established the ixodid tick as the vector for the disease.2 Following the tick bite, the incubation period aver...Male; Adult; Humans1993
47 Baehr, WolfgangMolecular characterization of human and mouse photoreceptor guanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) and chromosomal localization of the human geneGuanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) is a novel Ca(2+)-binding protein that stimulates synthesis of cGMP in photoreceptors. Molecular cloning of human and mouse GCAP cDNA revealed that the known mammalian GCAPs are more than 90% similar, consist of 201-205 amino acids, and contain three ident...Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Cloning, Molecular1994
48 Kriesel, John D.; Baringer, J R; Spruance, Spotswood L.Correlation between detection of herpes simplex virus in oral secretions by PCR and susceptibility to experimental UV radiation-induced herpes labialis.We examined the oral secretions of 25 patients for herpes simplex virus (HSV) at the time of and following experimental UV radiation (UVR). HSV was detected in one or more oral secretion specimens in 5 of 12 (42%) cases by cell culture and in 8 of 12 (67%) cases by PCR. On the day of UVR, HSV was de...Polymerase Chain Reaction; Ultraviolet Rays; Simplexvirus1994
49 Kriesel, John D.; Gooch, Willis M.; Pavia, Andrew T.Invasive sinonasal disease due to Scopulariopsis candida: case report and review of scopulariopsosis.Sinonasal infection with fungi of the order Mucorales--termed mucormycosis or zygomycosis--is sometimes seen in immunosuppressed patients, including those with diabetic ketoacidosis and malignancy. We describe a case of invasive sinonasal infection with Scopulariopsis candida (not among the Mucorale...Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; Itraconazole; Maxillary Sinus1994
50 Baehr, WolfgangExpression and mutagenesis of mouse rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesteraseUsing recombinant baculovirus vectors, the three subunits of mouse rod photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) (alpha beta gamma 2) have been expressed in insect cells. The recombinant alpha,beta subunits accumulate to 5 mg/liter culture, but most (98%) of the expressed polypeptides are insoluble...Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Macromolecular Substances; Protein Processing, Post-Translational1994
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