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251 Isolated congenital optic disc anomaliesAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyBenign tumors of blood vessels (hemangiomas) may occur on the optic nerve and may mimic optic disc edema.
252 Isolated congenital optic disc anomaliesAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyOptociliary shunt vessels are venous collaterals that form in response to chronic venous obstruction, shunting the venous blood from the retinal circulation into the choroidal circulation. Although they may be congenital, they may occur in patients with chronic disc edema, following central retinal ...
253 Retinal coloboma underneath a relatively normal optic nerveAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyOptic nerve colobomas appear as enlarged, white optic discs that are deeply excavated, often with some sapring of the superior rim. They result from an abnormal fusion of the proximal embryonic fissure. Optic nerve colobomas occur unilaterally or bilaterally with a similar frequency and can result i...
254 Isolated Optic Neuritis/NeuropathyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyPapilledema is a term reserved for optic disc edema related to increased intracranial pressure (eg. Papilledema, sixth nerve palsy, headache), a normal neuroimaging study, and an elevated opening pressure with normal cerebrospinal fluid contents.
255 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 1-year-old child with familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was readmitted with a fever and was noted to have bilateral blindness. The spinal tap showed a protein of 148, with 178 WBC with 98% ""lymphocytes."" This MRI image demonstrates the optic nerve infiltration. He was treated wit...
256 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 1-year-old child with familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was readmitted with a fever and was noted to have bilateral blindness. The spinal tap showed a protein of 148, with 178 WBC with 98% ""lymphocytes."" This MRI image demonstrates the optic nerve infiltration. He was treated wit...
257 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 1-year-old child with familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was readmitted with a fever and was noted to have bilateral blindness. The spinal tap showed a protein of 148, with 178 WBC with 98% ""lymphocytes."" This MRI image demonstrates the optic nerve infiltration. He was treated wit...
258 Ocular Manifestations of Systemic DisordersAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThe same young woman from Case 77 (Image 92_57) presented 8 years after the orbital biopsy with this retinal lesion, presumably from her underlying disorder. The eye has 20/20 vision and no other disturbances. This is a fundus photo.
259 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyA patient with small-cell lung carcinoma that was metastatic to the optic nerves, ciliary body, and brain. This is a fundus photo.
260 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 48-year-old female was seen in May 1996 with a history of 2 months of diplopia from a right abducens palsy. This was due to the recurrence of myeloma that had initially been diagnosed and treated with radiation and chemotherapy 9 years before and required further therapy, including bone marrow ...
261 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 48-year-old female was seen in May 1996 with a history of 2 months of diplopia from a right abducens palsy. This was due to the recurrence of myeloma that had initially been diagnosed and treated with radiation and chemotherapy 9 years before and required further therapy, including bone marrow ...
262 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 48-year-old female was seen in May 1996 with a history of 2 months of diplopia from a right abducens palsy. This was due to the recurrence of myeloma that had initially been diagnosed and treated with radiation and chemotherapy 9 years before and required further therapy, including bone marrow ...
263 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 48-year-old female was seen in May 1996 with a history of 2 months of diplopia from a right abducens palsy. This was due to the recurrence of myeloma that had initially been diagnosed and treated with radiation and chemotherapy 9 years before and required further therapy, including bone marrow ...
264 Ocular Manifestations of Systemic DisordersAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyA 17-year-old girl had undergone multiple superficial biopsies of the orbit for what was felt to be refractory orbital pseudotumor. Initial evaluation revealed the saddle-nose deformity, which the patient confirmed was acquired. More extensive biopsy was consistent with lymphomatoid granulomatosis. ...
265 Systemic Disorders With Optic Nerve and Retinal FindingsAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 8-year-old girl had a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with neurologic involvement, with remission induced with radiation and chemotherapy. Her relapse showed as an isolated optic neuropathy with this fundus appearance. The other eye was normal. The MRI and spinal tap at this point were ...
266 Isolated Optic Neuritis/NeuropathyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 48-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of headache. Both discs had the appearance seen in this image, with prominent peripapillary nerve fiber layer myelination; the disc itself is hyperemic, with dilated, telangiectatic surface vasculature, suggesting true disc edema as well.
267 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 76-year-old woman has a 7-month history of redness and pressure sensation in both eyes that is worse in the morning. She has noted intermittent horizontal diplopia during this time. Angiography demonstrated a right dural cavernous sinus fistula, which was successfully occluded with direct injec...
268 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 76-year-old woman has a 7-month history of redness and pressure sensation in both eyes that is worse in the morning. She has noted intermittent horizontal diplopia during this time. Angiography demonstrated a right dural cavernous sinus fistula, which was successfully occluded with direct injec...
269 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 76-year-old woman has a 7-month history of redness and pressure sensation in both eyes that is worse in the morning. She has noted intermittent horizontal diplopia during this time. Angiography demonstrated a right dural cavernous sinus fistula, which was successfully occluded with direct injec...
270 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis coronal CT scan shows the enlarged superior ophthalmic vein in the left orbit. This 76-year-old woman has a 7-month history of redness and pressure sensation in both eyes that is worse in the morning. She has noted intermittent horizontal diplopia during this time. Angiography demonstrated a ri...
271 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 76-year-old woman has a 7-month history of redness and pressure sensation in both eyes that is worse in the morning. She has noted intermittent horizontal diplopia during this time. Angiography demonstrated a right dural cavernous sinus fistula, which was successfully occluded with direct injec...
272 Neuro-Ophthalmic Vascular DiseaseAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 76-year-old woman has a 7-month history of redness and pressure sensation in both eyes that is worse in the morning. She has noted intermittent horizontal diplopia during this time. Angiography demonstrated a right dural cavernous sinus fistula, which was successfully occluded with direct injec...
273 Isolated Optic Neuritis/NeuropathyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 42-year-old male with pseudotumor cerebri and chronic papilledema demonstrated refractile bodies, which can be seen with chronic optic disc edema. This image shows the chronic papilledema at presentation, with associated refractile hyaline bodies at the disc periphery in both eyes. Pair with 96...
274 Isolated Optic Neuritis/NeuropathyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 42-year-old male with pseudotumor cerebri and chronic papilledema demonstrated refractile bodies, which can be seen with chronic optic disc edema. This image shows the chronic papilledema at presentation, with associated refractile hyaline bodies at the disc periphery in both eyes. Pair with 96...
275 Isolated Optic Neuritis/NeuropathyAAO/NANOS - American Academy of Ophthalmology / North American Neuro-Ophthalmology SocietyThis 42-year-old male with pseudotumor cerebri and chronic papilledema demonstrated refractile bodies, which can been seen with chronic optic disc edema. This image exhibits decreased disc edema and resolution of the refractile bodies OD after therapy. Pair with 96_01, 96_02, 96_04, 96_05, and 96_06...
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