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TitleDateSubjectDescription
1 Intrinsic kinetics of oxidation of residual organic carbon in rapidly pyrolyzed oil shale1986-11oxidation of organic carbon; residual organic carbon; intrinsic kinetics; pyrolyzed oil shale; oil shale; oil shale retorting; modified in-situ retortingThe intrinsic kinetics of reaction of oxygen with carbonaceous residue in rapidly pyrolyzed Colorado oil shale were determined by a series of isothermal fluidized-bed experiments in the temperature range of 384 to 474°C. The char was produced from 100 L/Mg (24 gal/ton) oil shale by rapid heating to...
2 Field experiment of in-situ oil recovery from a Utah tar sand by reverse combustion1976in-situ oil recovery; Utah tar sand; reverse combustion; oil recoveryPart of the mission of the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) is to develop all energy sources to meet the needs of present and future generations. Toward that mission the Laramie Energy Research Center (LERC) is conducting research and field experiments for the development of rec...
3 Association of uranium and other metals with crude oil, asphalt, and petroliferous rock1954-10uranium; crude oil; asphalt; petroliferous rockSome crude oil, natural asphalt, and petroliferous rock are appreciably radioactive, but little is known about the actual uranium content and the chemical nature of the uranium compound or compounds in these materials. Semiquantitative spectrographic analyses of the ash of 29 samples of crude oil, 2...
4 A reconnaissance evaluation of heavy hydrocarbons in the Tar Sand Triangle1985-08Utah; Tar Sand Triangle; Permian White Rim Sandstone; Moenkopi Formation; Cedar Mesa Sandstone; Chinle Formation; Oil; Oil-impregnated sandstone deposit; In-situ; Heavy hydrocarbons; Triassic; Jurassic Navajo SandstoneThe Tar Sand Triangle encompasses about 200 square miles in southeastern Utah. The area consists of rough, mountainous terrain, with a climate that varies from semiarid to arid. Sedimentary rocks exposed in the area range from Permian Cedar Mesa Sandstone to the Triassic(?)-Jurassic Navajo Sandstone...
5 Diluent-assisted hot-water processing of tar sands1987hot water processing; tar sands; diluent-assisted hot-water processing; bitumen viscosityThe influence of diluent addition and temperature on bitumen viscosity of tar sands from nine locations in the U.S.A. and Canada has been investigated. Subsequently, hot-water bitumen-recovery experiments were carried out at temperatures from 33°C to 95°C. Kerosene was added as needed to maintain ...
6 A bibliography of thermal methods of oil recovery1965-03Thermal methods; Oil recovery; Bibliography; Bureau of Mines Petroleum Research Center; Thermal methods of oil recoveryThe Oil Recovery Committee, Independent Petroleum Association of America, in response to requests and in recognition of expanded interest in the application of thermal methods of oil recovery, has sponsored the compilation of the following bibliography, with literature and patent references, and aut...
7 A new electronic gain device for high-temperature applications1976-07This report deals with a new integrated thermionic device capable of withstanding ambient temperatures in excess of 500°C, which eliminates the problems associated with earlier versions. The history of the ITC (Integrated Thermionic Circuit) is traced along with Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LA...
8 Development of an eastern shale oil residue as an asphalt additive: Subtask 2.51997-08-11eastern shale oil residue; asphalt additive; western shale oil-derived asphalt additive; oxidative age hardening; shale oil chemistryAn evaluation of eastern shale oil as an asphalt additive to reduce oxidative age hardening and moisture susceptibility is being conducted. An eastern shale oil residue having a viscosity of 1.30 Pa.s at 60° C (140°F) was blended with three different petroleum-derived asphalts that are known to be...
9 A report to Idaho National Engineering Laboratory1987Three Texas lignites (Jewett, Big Brown, and Bastrap), weathered and fresh tar sand, weathered and fresh Gilsonite and weathered oil shale have been studied using Py-MS (pyrolysis mass spectrometry) and further analyzed using the SIGMA program.
10 Geology and genesis of the coast range province of California and its hydrocarbon deposits1987hydrocarbon deposits; tar sand; oil shaleCalifornia is along the western borderland of North America where sedimentary deposits accumulated along the eastern Pacific margin. During that time, subduction diastrophism prevailed in the late Mesozoic-early Cenozoic era, and right-lateral strike-slip shear diastrophism prevailed in the middle a...
11 Heavy-oil deposit, Great Salt Lake, Utah1987heavy-oil deposit; Great Salt Lake; Neogene basinsThe western portion of the Great Salt Lake contains two large Neogene basins, informally called the "North" and "South" basins. These basins are separated by an arch that trends northeast between Carrington Island and Fremont Island. Both basins are filled with Miocene, Pliocene, and Quaternary sedi...
12 Hypotheses of oil-shale genesis, Green River Formation, northeast Utah, northwest Colorado, and southwest Wyoming1985oil shale; Green River Formation; tar sandstoneIn the six decades or so of oil-shale studies on the Green River Formation (Paleocene/Eocene) in northeast Utah, northwest Colorado, and southwest Wyoming, two alternative hypotheses for the paleoenvironment have dominated the literature: (1) a stratified lake in which anaerobic conditions in the hy...
13 Arrangement for recovering viscous petroleum from thick tar sand1977-05-03Patent; Viscous oil; Tar sand; Petroleum; Recovering viscous petroleum; Large vertical dimension; Tubular memberAn arrangement is provided for recovering viscous oil from a tar sand formation having a large vertical dimension including a substantially vertical lined shaft extending through the tar sand formation. A first opening is formed in the lower portion of the shaft lining and at least one lateral hole ...
14 Downhole hydraulic mining system1985-07-31Oil-bearing sands; Oil field; Wellbore; Downhole hydraulic mining system; California; Utah; Kentucky; New Mexico; Canada; Venezuela; Oil; Deposits; Strip miningThe downhole hydraulic mining system is designed to exploit deposits of oil-bearing sands that are not economically producible using current oil field or mining technology. In most cases, the hydrocarbon in the reservoir is too viscous to flow into the wellbore naturally and applications of heat (st...
15 Combustion of municipal solid wastes with oil shale in a circulating fluidized bed1996-06-30The authors of this report have invented an integrated process for the treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW). In this process, after recycling steps to save usable materials such as aluminum, other metals, and glass have been completed, the resulting refusederived fuel (RDF) is co-combusted with ...
16 Chemical reaction model for oil and gas generation from type I and type II kerogen1993-06A global model for the generation of oil and gas from petroleum source rocks is presented. The model consists of 13 chemical species and 10 reactions, including an alternate pathway mechanism for kerogen pyrolysis. Reaction rate parameters and stoichiometry coefficients determined from a variety of ...
17 Flow of crushed oil shale through circular orifices1983-07-18crushed oil shale; oil shale; flow of oil shale; shale-oil recovery.The gravity flow of crushed Colorado oil shale from a 7-in-diameter glass column through flat circular and converging conical orifices was studied using hign-speed cinematography. Factors tested were: (1) diameter of flat-entry and conical orifices, (2) three sizes of shale in one broad and two narr...
18 Final report--volume 2: Publications and presentations1986-12Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-83FE60177; Western Research Institute (WRI); DOE programs; oil shale; tar sand; underground coal gasification; advance process technology (APT); asphalt; annual and quarterly reportsVolume 2 of the final report for Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-83FE60177 lists the publications and presentations by Western Research Institute (WRI) researchers under that agreement. Entries in this list represent the four major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) programs included in that agreement ...
19 Apparatus and method for recovery of bituminous products from tar sands1978-06-20An apparatus and method for (1) reducing agglomerated masses of tar sand and (2) recovering as a bituminous product the bituminous matrix material therefrom. The apparatus includes a vessel which is divided into an attrition zone enclosed by a screen member, a sand separation zone and a product reco...
20 Assessment and control of water contamination associated with shale-oil extraction and processing1979; 1980The Los Alamos National Laboratory's research on assessment and control of water contamination associated with oil shale operations is directed toward the identification of potential water contamination problems and the evaluation of alternative control strategies for controlling contaminants releas...
21 A technical, economic, and legal assessment of North American heavy oil, oil sands, and oil shale resources: In response to Energy Policy Act of 2005 Section 369(p)2007-09Oil sands; Oil shale; Heavy oil; Energy Policy Act; 2005; Climate Change; Petroleum; Oil Cost; United States; North American heavy oil; Utah Heavy Oil Program; UHOP; World economic development; Energy; Canadian oil sands; Unconventional resources ;Technical; Economic; Legal assessmentAgainst the backdrop of world population growth, rapid economic expansion in the world's most populous countries, challenging political climates in many oil-producing nations, and the specter of climate change, worldwide energy consumption is projected to increase from the 2004 level of just over 40...
22 Analysis of crude shale oil1952-08A laboratory method for examining crude shale oil is described. The method uses only about 500 ml. of sample and a limited number of analytical determinations. Results provide information on the general characteristics and composition of an oil and serve as a basis for comparing different oils. Howe...
23 Environmental assessment: Tar sand in situ steam injection experiment1979-12LETC; in situ recovery of bitumen from tar sand; tar sand; bitumenThe U. S. Department of Energy - Laramie Energy Technology Center (LETC) intends to conduct a field experiment for the in situ recovery of bitumen from tar sand. The experimental site is located on a ten acre site approximately 6.5 miles West of Vernal, Utah. The operational phase of the experiment ...
24 Depositional setting and preliminary oil-shale resource potential, southwestern Uinta Basin, Utah1982Oil shale; Uinta Basin; Utah; Green River; Oil yield; Lake Uinta; Mohogany zone; Kerogen; Sheep Pass; Elko Basins; Nevada; Strawberry Structure; Strawberry ReservoirThis report characterizes the potential oil-shale resources underlying those lands west of the Green River in the southwestern Uinta Basin, Utah. The principal evaluation technique has been the calculation of oil yield from oil-well sonic and density log data available in this area. Subsurface corre...
25 Further comparison of methods for measuring kerogen pyrolysis rates and fitting kinetic parameters1988-01-20measuring methods; kerogen pyrolysis rates; fitting kinetic parameters; kerogen pyrolysis; pyrolysis kinetics; Rock-Eval; pyrolysisMS/MS; hydrous pyrolysis; petroleum generationWe compare rates of product generation during pyrolysis of several petroleum source rocks and isolated kerogens by nonisothermal techniques, including Rock-Eval pyrolysis, condensed oil evolution, and pyrolysis MS/MS. We discuss problems related to temperature calibration in the Rock-Eval instrument...
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