1 - 25 of 488
Number of results to display per page
CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
1 Wen, MingResidential racial composition and black-white obesity risks: differential effects of neighborhood social and built environmentThis study investigates the association between neighborhood racial composition and adult obesity risks by race and gender, and explores whether neighborhood social and built environment mediates the observed protective or detrimental effects of racial composition on obesity risks. Cross-sectional d...2014-01-01
2 Diamond, LisaIntimate same-sex relationshps of sexual minoritiesThis chapter provides an overview of current research on same-sex intimate relationships, emphasizing the most central and well-researched domains: relationship initiation, maintenance, satisfaction, and dissolution, gender-related dynamics, sexuality and sexual exclusivity, and violence and ab...Same-sex relationships; Partnering; Sexual minorities; Domestic relationships2006
3 Bilginsoy, CihanThe hazards of training: attrition and retention in construction industry apprenticeship programsApprenticeship programs in the United States, which provide workers with the broad-based skills required for practicing a trade via on-the-job training, are sponsored either unilaterally by employers or jointly by employers and trade unions. A comparison of the attrition and retention rates in these...2003
4 O'Rourke, Dennis H.Refutation of the general single locus model for the etiology of schizophreniaAll published studies on the familial incidence of schizophrenia appropriate for testing the applicability of the general single-locus two-allele model are examined under the assumption of a unitary etiology for all schizophrenia. We show that the single major locus model is inadequate to predict th...Genetics; Diseases in Twins; Chromosome Mapping1982
5 Berg, Cynthia A.Intellectual development in adulthoodAs for writing, I still write - at age 72. My experience is that I have to strive harder, tire sooner and come apart at the seams more completely than was the case when I was younger. The aging mind has a bagful of nasty tricks, one of which is to tuck names and words away in crannies where they arc...Intellectual development2000
6 Malloy, Thomas E.Logic of logic and the logic of dreams.For Bateson explanation is the mapping of description onto tautology. "An explanation has to provide something more than a description provides, and in the end, an explanation appeals to a tautology, which as I have defined it, is a body of propositions so linked together that the links between the ...Science; Psychology; Dreams2006-02
7 Maloney, Thomas N.Review: Race, liberalism, and economicsChoose any two of these three topics: race, liberalism, and economics. Now trace the connections between the two that you have chosen over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, incorporating both fundamental philosophical concepts and policy implications. Doing this could easily prod...Racism; Classical liberalism; Paternalism2005
8 Fogel, Alan DaleHuman development in the twenty-first century: visionary ideas from systems scientistsThe dynamic systems approach is an emerging interdisciplinary set of principles used by a diverse collection of scientists to help understand the complex world in which we live. The main insight that unites these scientists, despite wide differences in methods and concepts, is a focus on connection...2008
9 Wolfinger, Nicholas H.Trends in the intergenerational transmission of divorceNumerous researchers have shown that the children of divorce are disproportionately likely to end their own marriages (e.g., Amato 1996; Amato and Booth 1991; Bumpass, Martin, and Sweet 1991; Glenn and Kramer 1987; Kulka and Weingarten 1979; McLanahan and Bumpass 1988; Mueller and Pope 1977; Pope a...1999
10 Francis, LeslieJustice through trust: disability and the Outlier problem in Social Contract TheoryThe article focuses on the flaws of the social contract theory. It explores how hostile the social contract as a bargaining process has been thought to distance disabled people from contract-based justice. It analyzes the argument that the history of social contract theory exclude the people with di...Consensus, social sciences; Discrimination; Social contract; Social ethics; Sociology of disability2005-10
11 Forster, Richard R.QuickSCAT derived snow accumulation estimates in the dry snow, percolation and wet snow zones of the Greenland ice sheet2011
12 Kowaleski-Jones, Lori; Fan, Jessie Xiaojing; Brown, Barbara B.; Smith, Ken R.; Zick, Cathleen D.Patterns of household food expenditures: a cluster analysisIn this study we use the Diary Survey component of the 2001 and 2002 Consumer Expenditure Survey to investigate patterns of household food expenditures. We identify eight constellations of food expenditures that are more and less likely to be associated with healthy eating habits. These clusters in...Diet; Fast food; Nutrition; Eating habits2007
13 Yu, ZhouHomeownership determinants for Chinese Americans: assimilation, ethnic concentration, and nativityChinese homeownership rates in the Los Angeles CMSA adjusted by socioeconomic and housing market characteristics are on average 18 percentage points higher than those of native white households Painter et al. (2003). This finding runs contrary to most of immigration literature, which suggests that i...Chinese Americans; homeownership2004
14 Jameson, Kenneth P.Determinants of Latin American exchange rate regimesThe experience of the last thirty years suggests that a wide range of factors affects policymakers' choice of exchange rate regime. The initial explanation was that changes in the international sphere dominated domestic policies and strongly influenced how governments decided among the trade-offs. M...Monetary policy; Exchange rate regimes2005
15 Rogers, Alan R.Doubts about isonymyThe method of isonymy, developed by Crow and Mange for estimating inbreeding from surname frequencies, requires an assumption that has not been appreciated: It is necessary to assume that all males in some ancestral generation, the founding stock, had unique surnames. Because this assumption is sel...1991
16 Fowles, RichardDeterminants of motor vehicle fatalities using classical specification testing and Bayesian sensitivity methodsThis paper uses classical regression methods along with Bayesian Extreme Bounds Analysis (EBA) to addresses the effect of cell phones on motor vehicle fatality rates so as to examine the potential of net life-taking and life-saving effects. The models adjust for a time trend (YEAR), the maximum b...Motor vehicle fatalities; Motor vehicle statistical studies; Cell phones2008-01-09
17 Gelfand, Donna M.Mother-toddler interaction patterns associated with maternal depression.Interactive coordination was observed in laboratory play interactions of pairs of 29 clinically depressed and 14 nondepressed mothers and their 13-29-month-old children (M = 18.9 months). Nondepressed mothers and their children displayed more interactive coordination than depressed-mother dyads (p <...Depression; Child-rearing; Infants; Motherhood1997-09
18 McDaniel, SusanWhy generation(s) matter(s) to policyGeneration is a packed social concept, with immense explanatory capacity and policy utility, yet it is a concept fraught with misunderstanding in both the social sciences and in popular usage. It is no less fraught in policy. This short overview paper has three objectives: • 1) to explore gener...Social policy; Aging; Generation2007-11-13
19 Rogers, Alan R.Migration and genetic drift in human populationsIn humans and many other species, mortality is concentrated early in the life cycle, and is low during the ages of dispersal and reproduction. Yet precisely the opposite is assumed by classical population-genetics models of migration and genetic drift. We introduce a model in which population regul...Frequencies; Variance; Dynamics1986
20 Wei, YehuaRestructuring industrial districts, scaling up regional development: a study of the Wenzhou Model, ChinaThe Wenzhou Municipality in Zhejiang Province is spearheading China's marketization and development of private enterprises. Its successful development trajectory, centered on family-owned small businesses embedded in thick local institutions, resembles Marshallian industrial districts (MIDs). Howeve...China; Marshallian industrial district, regional lock-in; Wenzhou Model, China2007-09-24
21 Rogers, Alan R.; Jorde, Lynn B.Ascertainment bias in estimates of average heterozygosityPopulation geneticists work with a nonrandom sample of the human genome. Conventional practice ensures that unusually variable loci are most likely to be discovered and thus included in the sample of loci. Consequently, estimates of average heterozygosity are biased upward. In what follows we descri...Bias (Epidemiology); Biometry; Heterozygote1996-05
22 Francis, LeslieRecent developments in genetic diagnosis: some ethical and legal implicationsThis essay outlines some of the ethical complexities genetic technology poses in two areas of decision-making: when to perform genetic testing and what to do with the information gained from genetic testing.Genetic Technology; Genetic Testing; Ethics1986
23 Cahill, CaitlinStreet literacy: urban teenagers' strategies for negotiating their neighborhoodIn this paper, I theorize how the environment, and in particular, the street, is a significant context for learning, in order to explore young people's relationship to a disinvested and gentrifying neighborhood landscape. Examining the relationship of the cultural, historical, social, and environmen...Puberty, environmental experiences; Street literacy2000
24 Wolfinger, Nicholas H.Reexamining the economic costs of marital disruption for womenChanges in labor force participation and returns may have lessened divorce's traditionally severe economic consequences for women. Method. We use recent data from the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) to analyze the economic well-being of women whose marriages ended between the firs...2001
25 Brown, Barbara B.Residential territories: cues to burglary vulnerabilityNewman's work on defensible space and Altman's work on territoriality were used to formulate a hypothesis that certain design elements enhance or reflect residential territoriality and thereby influence burglars' target selections. Specifically, evidence on the links from real and symbolic barriers...Burglary; Residences; Territoriality; Homes1985
1 - 25 of 488