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TitleDateSubjectDescription
1 Water for commercial oil shale development in Utah: Allocating scarce resources and the search for new sources of supply2010commercial oil shale development; allocating resources; oil shale; bitumenBACKGROUND A. What Is Oil Shale and Why Do We Care? Oil shale is a sedimentary rock containing solid bituminous materials. When oil shale is heated, petroleum-like liquids and gasses are released. The process of heating shale and capturing resulting liquids and gasses is called retorting and can occ...
2 U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration field experiment1976-06U. S. energy research and development; field experiment; reverse combustion process; oil recovery; tar sand; alternative forward processThe Laramie Energy Research Center of the U. S. Gov Research and Development Administration is equiping a small-scale field experiment to test the reverse combustion process to recover oil from tar sand. This field experiment, the first of a planned series, will extend the results of laboratory work...
3 Control of geological carbon sequestration in the western United States2011-05coal; carbon dioxide; electric utilities; carbon sequestration; sequestration; geological sequestration; climate changeIn the near future, the use of coal may be legally restricted due to concerns over the effects of its combustion on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Carbon capture and geologic sequestration offer one method to reduce carbon emissions from coal and other hydrocarbon fuel. While the federal...
4 State and regional control of geological carbon sequestration (Part I)2011-05state and regional control; geological carbon sequestration; hydrocarbon fuel; carbon capture; geologic sequestrationIn the near future the use of coal may be legally restricted due to concerns over the effects of its combustion on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Carbon capture and geologic sequestration offer one method to reduce carbon emissions from coal and other hydrocarbon fuel. While the federal ...
5 Oil-impregnated rocks of Utah: USERDA field experiment to recover oil from tar sand1976-07oil-impregnated rocks; Utah; USERDA; field experiment; recover oil from tar sand; oil recoveryThe Laramie Energy Research Center, of the U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration, is equipping a field experiment to test the reverse combustion process for recovery of oil from a tar sand on a 10-acre site on the Northwest Asphalt Ridge deposit near Vernal, Utah. A tar sand section 1...
6 Getting from here to there: Devising an optimal regulatory model for CO2 transport in a new carbon capture and sequestration industry2010regulatory model for CO2 transport; new carbon capture and sequestration; CCS; regulatory modelIf CCS is to become a broad-scale commercial industry in time to meet the need for climate change mitigation, the United States must adopt a regulatory model that will allow for efficient construction of critical infrastructure. A well-crafted regulatory framework gives private would-be CCS operator...
7 Numerical simulation of combined reverse combustion and steamflooding for oil recovery in a Utah tar sand1985-04numerical simulation; combined reverse combustion; steamflooding; oil recovery; Utah tar sand; tar sand; Asphalt Ridge; LETC; Laramie Energy Technology CenterThis paper presents the design of the U.S. DOE Laramie Energy Technology Center's (LETC) Project TS-4, which involves numerical simulation of both in-situ reverse combustion and steamflooding. The simulator showed that the combustion could be limited and contained in a middle 10-ft [3-m] interval wi...
8 Detailed kinetic analysis of oil shale pyrolysis TGA data2011-03-22kinetic analysis; oil shale pyrolysis; TGA data; AIChE; oil shale resourses; western United States; Green River oil shaleThere are significant resources of oil shale in the western United States, which if exploited in an environmentally responsible manner would provide secure access to transportation fuels. Understanding the kinetics of kerogen decomposition to oil is critical to designing a viable process. A dataset ...
9 Compositional and kinetic analysis of oil shale pyrolysis using TGA-MS2012-04compositional analysis; kinetic analysis; oil shale pyrolysis; TGA-MS; oil shale; western United States; oil productionThere are vast resources of oil shale in the western United States. Development of technically and economically effective technologies for the conversion of oil shale to liquid fuels will help provide a long-term and secure source of transportation fuels. Developing good understanding of the decompo...
10 Organic petrology and rock-eval studies on oil shales from the Lower Carboniferous Rocky Brook Formation, Western Newfloundland1989-03organic petrology; rock-eval studies; oil shales; Lower Carboniferous Rocky Brook Formation; microscopy and geochemical analysis; rock-eval pyrolysisNine samples of oil shale from the Carboniferous Rocky Brook Formation along Rocky Brook in western Newfoundland were studied by incident light microscopy and geochemical analysis (Rock-Eval pyrolysis) to determine the maceral components, geochemical type, and maturation level of the kerogen fractio...
11 Oil sands: Resource, recovery, and industry1980oil sands; tar sand; bituminous sandstone; oil impregnated sandstone; bituminous sand; synthetic fuelsOil sand, tar sand, bituminous sandstone, oil impregnated sandstone, or bituminous sand, by one name or another, have been identified in almost every country of the world and in almost every state in the United States. By far the largest and most commercially attractive deposits are in Alberta, Cana...
12 Oil shale and tar sands1976oil shale; tar sands; United States; alternative fuels; in situ processing; fractuing testsTo continue its growth or even its existence, the United States must find new energy supplies to replace the petroleum we are rapidly depleting. No fossil energy form can offer a long-range solution, but coal offers a mid-range solution. Unfortunately we're not geared to use it, and learning to appl...
13 Sources and deposition of organic matter in the Monterey Formation, South-Central Coastal basins of California1987-11-02organic matter; Monterey Formation; Californial ; marine algal debrisThe abundant organic matter in the Monterey Formation is commonly considered to be derived from marine algal debris rapidly deposited in anoxic bottom water during a period of high surface plankton productivity. However, many aspects of the distribution of organic matter in the Monterey of the south...
14 Surface tar-sand deposits in California1987surface tar-sand deposits; tar sand; surface tar sand; California; oil seeps; stratigraphy; tar sand deposit structureTar sand deposits and oil seeps have been known in California for more than a century and were used in the exploration for many of California's largest oil fields. Sixty deposits visited by this writer yielded 24 deposits totaling 5.27 billion barrels of oil in place and another 36 estimated at 1-2 ...
15 The bitumen-bearing Paleozoic carbonate trend of northern Alberta1987Paleozoic carbonate trend; northern Alberta; bitumen; Cretaceous oil sands; Canada; crude oil; nonconventional oil resourcesHuge quantities of bitumen are contained within the Devonian and Mississippian carbonate horizons that subcrop beneath the Cretaceous oil sands of northern Alberta. To date, however, a detailed evaluation of the economic potential of this resource has been confined primarily to the Upper Devonian Gr...
16 Modeling of asphaltenes: Assessment of sensitivity of 13C SSNMR to molecular structure2012asphaltenes; heavy oil; liquid hydrocarbon fuels; 13C SSNMR; molecular structure; refinery processAsphaltenes are an important constituent of many oils and one of the major components in heavy oils sources for liquid hydrocarbon fuels. With light oil sources rapidly depleting, it is necessary to use alternative sources from heavy oil reservoirs. Refining these heavy oil resources presents new ch...
17 The search for a source rock for the giant Tar Sand Triangle accumulation, southeastern Utah1999-03source rock; giant Tar Sand Triangle; southeastern Utah; oil resource; heavy oil and tar; oil; Tar Sand Triangle accumulation; thermal modelingA large proportion (about 36%) of the world's oil resource is contained in accumulations of heavy oil or tar. In these large deposits of degraded oil, the oil in place represents only a fraction of what was present at the time of accumulation. In many of these deposits, the source of the oil is unkn...
18 Preliminary geologic analysis of the tar sands near Sunnyside, Utah1987-11-02geologic analysis; tar sands; Sunnyside, Utah; sandstones; Roan Cliffs; bitumenSandstones that crop out along the Roan Cliffs near Sunnyside, Utah, are estimated to contain approximately 6 billion barrels of bitumen, making it one of the largest deposits in the United States. Little is known of the geologic aspects, particularly sedimentology, mineralogy (especially clays), an...
19 Porosity of unconsolidated sand, diatomite, and fractured shale reservoirs, South Belridge and West Cat Canyon oil fields, California1987-11-02porosity; unconsolidated sand; diatomite; fractured shale reservoirs; South Belridge oil field; West Cat Canyon oil fieldPorosity analysis based on conventional core samples, gamma-gamma logs, and borehole gravity (BHG) surveys is presented for a Pleistocene unconsolidated sand reservoir and for Miocene diatomaceous, porcelaneous, and fractured shale reservoirs of the Monterey Formation in the South Belridge oil field...
20 Resource evaluation of selected tar-sand deposits in southern Oklahoma1987-11-02resource evaluation; tar-sand deposits; southern Oklahoma; sulphur deposit; bitumen contentThe cooperative program between the Oklahoma Geological Survey and the U.S. Department of Energy has permitted evaluation of specific tar-sand deposits in Carter and Murray counties, Oklahoma. The Sulphur deposit was evaluated by a combination of industry and DOE-OGS boreholes. Bitumen content of th...
21 Virtual Radiometers for Parallel Architectures2012parallel architectures; virtual radiometers; a parallel ray tracing scheme; ray tracing algorithms; radiation; ray tracing; monte carlo; combustion; radiometer; parallelBackground: Parallelization of traditional ray tracing algorithms for radiation applications in participating media suffers from the large amount of inter-processor communication required to hand off rays between processors. As a result, strong scaling of these algorithms falls short of the required...
22 Tar sand research and development at the University of Utah1987tar sand research; tar sand development; hydrocarbon recovery; extensive tar sand deposits; in situ thermal production; bitumen; surface mining; hydrocarbon liquidThe recovery of hydrocarbon values from the extensive tar sand deposits of North America has generally been approached by one of two methods: in situ thermal production of the bitumen or of a bitumen-derived liquid or surface mining of the deposit followed by processing of the mined ore. In either a...
23 Sulphur isotope abundances in petroleum and associated materials1958-11sulphur isotope; petroleum; isotopes of sulphur; sulphur isotope abundances; treatment of oil samplesA study has been made of the sulphur isotope ratios for petroleum from many different oil fields in the United States and Canada. The S34/S32 ratio for petroleum varies by about 4.5 per cent as compared with a total spread of about 9 per cent for terrestrial sulphur. The single large oil pools appea...
24 Utah's tar sand resource: Geology, politics, and economics1976Utah tar sand; tar sand resource; geology; politics; economics; oil-impregnated rock deposits; oil shale; tar sandsTwelve of fifty deposits of oil-impregnated rock in Utah contain 98 percent of the 26 billion barrels estimated in place. This is about 90 to 95 percent of the total mapped U.S. resource. Several deposits have been and are mined for paving material. Extraction of oil from three deposits is beginning...
25 Using a continuous time lag to determine the associations between ambient PM2.5 hourly levels and daily mortality2009-10continuous time lag; ambient PM2.5; hourly levels; daily mortality; PM2.5 exposure; short-term fine particulate matter; health effectsThe authors are interested in understanding the possible association between exposure to short-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) peaks that have changing physical characteristics throughout the day and observable health outcomes (daily mortality). To this end, modern statistical methods are used ...
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