1 - 25 of 56
Number of results to display per page
1 Specification of marital fertility by parents' age, age at marriage and marital durationThe positive association between wife's age at marriage and fertility experienced at the older reproductive ages, cited in recent natural fertility literature, is explored using Mormon birth cohorts from 1840 to 1879. When this relationship is specified by husband's age at marriage and marriage dur...Marital fertility; Marital duration; Paternal age; Father's age; Mother's age1982
2 Macrosimulation approach to the investigation of natural fertilityThis paper is part of a long-term investigation known as the Mormon Historical Demography Project. It examines the capability of a simulation model, originally proposed by John Bongaarts (1976), to fit the natural fertility pattern which characterized the mid-nineteenth century Mormon population. Ap...Mormon Historical Demography Project; Macrosimulation; Natural fertility1982
3 Intergenerational transmission of relative fertility and life course patternsIn many countries fertility trends over the last century have been characterized by sustained declines and the dissemination of a relatively sophisticated contraceptive knowledge. Many possible avenues for the dissemination of such knowledge exist among contemporary populations. There has, however,...Relative fertility; Intergenerational transmission1987
4 Gray agendas: interest groups and public pensions in Canada, Britain, and the United States, by Henry J. PrattGray Agendas, by Wayne State University's Henry J. Pratt, is an in-depth and well-structured examination of the historical development of pension policy and its impact on interest groups in three countries over the last century: Canada, Britain, and the United States. It is of interest to political...Gray agendas; Book review; Pratt, Henry J.; United States; Canada; Great Britain1995
5 Distinguishing the spending preferences of seniorsOne thousand, four hundred and six seniors were asked about their consumer spending preferences. While some could name a product spending preference, others could not. This study examines the characteristics that best distinguish those elders who are uninterested in spending on consumer products fro...Spending preferences; Seniors1996
6 Educational attainment and transitions in functional status among older TaiwaneseThere is a lengthy history of research examining the relationship between socioeconomic status and health and mortality in Western societies (Antonovsky 1967; Fox 1989; Williams and Collins 1995). Almost unanimously, these investigations show that those with high socioeconomic status are advantaged ...Educational attainment; Functional status; Older Taiwanese1998
7 Living arrangements of older adults in the developing world: an analysis of DHS household surveysUsing data from Demographic and Health Surveys, this study examines living arrangements of older adults in 43 developing countries and compares patterns by gender, world regions, and macro-level measures of socioeconomic development. Indicators include household size, headship, relationship to head...Demographic and Health Surveys; Living arrangements; Older adults2001
8 Whose education counts? The impact of grown children's education on the physical functioning of their parents in TawianResearch has identified education as an important predictor of physical functioning in old age. Older adults in Taiwan tend to experience close ties to family members and high rates of adult child coresidence, much more so than is typical in Western cultures. These circumstances might imply addition...Grown children; Physical functioning; Education2001
9 Living arrangements and socio-demographic conditions of older adults in CambodiaSince the takeover of Cambodia by the Khmer Rouge in 1975, analysis of social conditions in the country has been lacking. Only recently has dependable socio-demographic data become available. We use some of these data to examine living arrangements and other socio-demographic conditions among Cambod...Living arrangements; Older adults; Socio-demographic conditions; Coresident children2002
10 Changes in functional limitations and survival among the elderly in Taiwan: 1993, 1996, and 1999This paper focuses on changes in the prevalence of functional limitations among nationally representative samples of adults aged 65 and older in Taiwan as measured in 1993, 1996, and 1999. Using data from the Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan, we investigate changes in diff...Functional limitation; Climbing stairs2002
11 UGT1A1*28 polymorphism as a determinant of irinotecan disposition and toxicityThe metabolism of irinotecan (CPT-11) involves sequential activation to SN-38 and detoxification to the pharmacologically inactive SN-38 glucuronide (SN-38G). We have previously demonstrated the role of UGT1A1 enzyme in the glucuronidation of SN-38 and a significant correlation between in vitro glu...UGT1A1*28 polymorphism; Irinotecan disposition; Irinotecan toxicity; Glucuronidation; SN-382002
12 Determinants of old-age mortality in TaiwanRelationships among socio-demographic characteristics, general assessments of health, and old-age mortality are well established in developed countries. There is also an increasing focus on the connection between early-life experiences and late-life health. This paper tests these and other associat...Mortality determinants; Gompertz regression2003
13 Living arrangements of older adults in sub-Saharan Africa in a time of HIV/AIDSThe detrimental consequences of the AIDS epidemic for older adults in sub-Saharan Africa suggest the need to investigate their characteristics, living situations, and well-being. In this study, we examine the living arrangements of persons aged 60 and older in 16 countries. Data come from the house...Living arrangements; Older adults; Sub-Saharan Africa; HIV/AIDS2003
14 How indicators of socioeconomic status relate to physical functioning of older adults in three Asian societiesIn developed countries, socioeconomic status has been identified as one of the most important demographic and social determinants of older adult health. The relationship has not been well studied or contrasted across much of the developing world. Yet, with population aging occurring rapidly in much ...Physical functioning; Older adult health2003
15 Family size and support of older adults in urban and rural China: current effects and future implicationsChina will experience rapid growth in the proportion and number of older people in its population in the near future as a consequence of an extraordinarily rapid decline in fertility over the past several decades. Total fertility rates were as high as 7.5 in the early 1950s, but have fallen to below...Urban China; Rural China; Support; Older adults; One-child policy2003
16 Trends and transitions in children's coresidence with older adults in the Beijing municipalityThis paper examines a) whether rates of coresidence between older adults and their adult children in the Beijing municipality of China have been declining, and b) the determinants of coresidence and coresidence transitions. The reduction in family size in China and concurrent social and economic cha...Coresidence; Beijing Municipality; Old-age support2004
17 Differentials in life expectancy and active life expectancy by socioeconomic status among older adults in BeijingThe study compares estimates of life expectancy and active life expectancy across indicators of socioeconomic status for a cohort of older adults in Beijing Municipality. Our aim is to determine whether associations found are consistent across indicators and with those typically observed in Western...Active life expectancy; Functional limitations2004
18 Neighborhood environment and health in old age: what role do individual characteristics play in this link?This research investigates the relationship among objectively assessed neighborhood SES, subjective perceptions of neighborhood environment, and self-rated physical health among older persons. We further explore the structural and psychosocial mechanisms at the individual level underlying the observ...Community; District; Geriatric; Elderly; Healthcare2004-01-16
19 Obesity in America, 1960-2000: is it an age, period or cohort phenomenon?Increasing rates of obesity have sparked tremendous public concern because excess body weight is linked to a host of mortality, morbidity, and disability outcomes. Using five waves of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), this project privides a four-decade pict...Health, weight; Overweight; Population trends2004-09-23
20 Education of adult children and mortality of their elderly parents in TaiwanResearch shows an older adult's education is strongly associated with mortality. But in societies such as Taiwan, where families are highly integrated, the education of family members may be linked to survival. Such may be the case in settings where there are large gaps in levels of education acros...Education; Mortality2005
21 Reciprocal effects of health and economic well-being among older adults in Taiwan and BeijingThe objectives of this study are threefold: 1) to examine whether socioeconomic status disparities in health are found in non-Western settings; 2) to assess whether socioeconomic status gradients in health endure into older ages; and 3) to evaluate the direction of causality between health and soci...Well-being; Health2005
22 Active life expectancy and functional limitations among older Cambodians: results from a 2004 surveyThis study's aims are to: 1) determine the prevalence of functional limitations among older adults in Cambodia using activities of daily living (ADLs); 2) compare limitation prevalence with other countries in the region; 3) estimate active life expectancy; 4) examine standard correlates of function...Active life expectancy; Functional limitations2005
23 Urban versus rural mortality among older adults in ChinaUrban versus rural place of residence has proven to be a critical health determinant over time and across countries. Several studies have demonstrated an urban advantage in mortality in China. This variation by place of residence could be a function of differences in characteristics of individuals, ...Urban mortality; Rural mortality; China2006
24 Impact of past conflicts and social disruption on the elderly in CambodiaCambodia experienced violence during the rule of the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s. Many who died were the children or spouses of today's elderly. This may have resulted in an erosion of family support in a country where formal channels of assistance are virtually absent. This article examines the extent...Cambodia; Elderly; Social Disruption; Conflicts; Poverty2006-06
25 Disability and active life expectancy among older CambodiansOlder adults in Cambodia are survivors of harsh living conditions, including poverty and periods of extreme violence. Although these experiences may affect health outcomes, little data has existed to monitor Cambodia's older population. The current paper uses data from the 2004 Study of the Elder...Active Life Expectancy; Ageing; Cambodia; Disability; Functional Status; Southeast Asia2006-07
1 - 25 of 56