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1 Varner, Michael W.Abnormal pregnancy sonogram: selective indication for fetal karyotype.The inability to make a definitive diagnosis in the fetus with a sonographically identified abnormality often results in parental and physician uncertainty. An antenatal chromosome evaluation could resolve this uncertainty. Forty-one fetuses with an abnormal ultrasound examination were tested for ka...Chromosome Disorders; Pregnancy; Karyotyping; Abnormalities; Amniocentesis1987-01
2 Coffin, Cheryl M.; Capecchi, Mario R.Alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas in conditional Pax3:Fkhr mice: cooperativity of Ink4a/ARF and Trp53 loss of function.Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive childhood muscle cancer for which outcomes are poor when the disease is advanced. Although well-developed mouse models exist for embryonal and pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas, neither a spontaneous nor a transgenic mouse model of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma has...Cell Differentiation; Forkhead Transcription Factors; Myogenic Regulatory Factors2004-11-01
3 Varner, Michael W.Association of obesity with pulmonary and nonpulmonary complications of pregnancy in asthmatic women.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether maternal obesity is associated with pulmonary and nonpulmonary pregnancy complications in asthmatic women. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the prospective cohort Asthma During Pregnancy Study. Asthma patients were classified as having either mild or moderate t...Asthma; Body Mass Index; Pregnancy Outcome; Lung Diseases2006-07
4 Varner, Michael W.Asthma during pregnancyOBJECTIVE: To determine neonatal and maternal outcomes stratified by asthma severity during pregnancy by using the 1993 National Asthma Education Program Working Group on Asthma and Pregnancy definitions of asthma severity. The primary hypothesis was that moderate or severe asthmatics would have an ...Asthma; Infant, Newborn; Pregnancy Outcomes2004-01
5 Varner, Michael W.Blood transfusion and cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risks for intraoperative or postoperative packed red blood cell transfusion in women who underwent cesarean delivery. METHODS: This was a 19-university prospective observational study. All primary cesarean deliveries from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2000, and all repeat c...Blood Transfusion; Postpartum Hemorrhage; Pregnancy Complications; Anemia2006-10
6 Varner, Michael W.Cerebral vasculopathies masquerading as eclampsia.Obstetricians know that preeclampsia-eclampsia is a syndrome and is a final common pathway for multiple causes. It is also possible that other conditions, not always directly related to pregnancy, can mimic preeclampsia-eclampsia. One such entity is cerebral vasculopathy, an entity characterized b...Cerebrovascular Disorders; Eclampsia; Puerperal Disorders2006-02
7 Buchi, Karen F.; Varner, Michael W.Changing prevalence of prenatal substance abuse in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current prevalence of prenatal exposure to methamphetamines and other drugs of abuse among infants born in Utah and compare the results with those of a maternal substance abuse prevalence study performed in 1991 in the same geographic area. METHODS: Thirteen well baby nurs...Street Drugs; Prenatal Care; Maternal Exposure; Infant, Newborn2003-06-12
8 Varner, Michael W.Complications of anesthesia for cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To quantify anesthesia-related complications associated with cesarean delivery in a well-described, prospectively ascertained cohort from multiple university-based hospitals in the United States and to evaluate whether certain factors would identify women at increased risk for a failed re...Cesarean Section; Complications of Anesthesia2005-08
9 Varner, Michael W.; Digre, Kathleen B.Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in eclampsia.Although the precise neuropathologic basis for eclamptic convulsions remains unclear, intracranial hemorrhage is frequently associated with fatal cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a recently developed neuroimaging technique that appears superior to other processes for defining intracranial ...Eclampsia; Brain Edema; Cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging1987-09
10 Varner, Michael W.Decidual, amniotic fluid, maternal and fetal prolactin in normal and abnormal pregnancies.In the present studies, the content and the in vitro production of prolactin by decidua as well as the concentrations of prolactin in amniotic fluid, maternal and fetal serum in normal term pregnancies, induced abortions at various gestational ages, and in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitu...Decidual; Amniotic Fluid; Prolactin; Pregnancy Complications1984-03
11 Varner, Michael W.Decision-to-incision times and maternal and infant outcomes.OBJECTIVE: To measure decision-to-incision intervals and related maternal and neonatal outcomes in a cohort of women undergoing emergency cesarean deliveries at multiple university-based hospitals comprising the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units N...Cesarean Section; Fetal Distress; Outcome Assessment; Fetal Distress2006-07
12 Varner, Michael W.Diagnosis of maternal cystic fibrosis during pregnancy.The third and fourth cases of maternal cystic fibrosis diagnosed during pregnancy are presented. Quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis (sweat chlorides) must be performed to establish the diagnosis. Other important findings include recurrent or persistent respiratory symptoms, chest x-ray abnormali...Pregnancy; Cystic Fibrosis; Chlorides; Respiratory Insufficiency1983-03
13 Florsheim, Paul W.; Ngu, LeDifferential outcomes among adolescent fathers: understanding fatherhood as a transformative processIn response to the rising numbers of mother headed households, there is a great debate about whether to encourage young unwed parents to marry. Policies designed to pursue and/or punish fathers who do not meet their legal and financial responsibilities and to promote marriage, carte blanche, are ref...Parenting; Gender; Matrimony2003-10-18
14 Varner, Michael W.Does progesterone treatment influence risk factors for recurrent preterm delivery?OBJECTIVE: To examine how demographic and pregnancy characteristics can affect the risk of recurrent preterm delivery and the how the effectiveness of progesterone treatment for prevention alters these relationships. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of 17alpha-hydroxyprog...Preterm Delivery; Progesterone Treatment; Pregnancy; Risk Factors2005-09
15 Varner, Michael W.; Lyon, Joseph L.; Alder, Stephen C.; Ellis Simonsen, Sara M.Effect of grand multiparity on intrapartum and newborn complications in young women.OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of high parity on complications in young women, aged 18-34 years. METHODS: Seven years of Utah birth certificate data were reviewed (1995-2001). Young nulliparas and primiparas were compared with young grand and great grand multi-paras by using logistic regression. Y...Infant, Newborn; Parity; Pregnancy; Risk Factors; Obstetric Labor Complications2005-09
16 Varner, Michael W.Elevated second-trimester maternal serum hCG: a marker of inadequate angiogenesis.OBJECTIVE: To measure angiogenin, a potent inducer of neovascularization and interleukin-6, as an indicator of acute inflammation, in second-trimester amniotic fluid of patients with elevated maternal serum hCG. METHODS: In this case-control study, 20 patients with elevated maternal serum hCG (at le...Angiogenesis Inducing Agents; Interleukin-6; Pregnancy Complications; hCG1998-04
17 Varner, Michael W.Elevations of amniotic fluid macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha concentrations in women during term and preterm labor.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether elevated concentrations of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in amniotic fluid (AF) are related to term and preterm labor. METHODS: Amniotic fluid was obtained from women from five different clinical situations: 1) term cesarean delivery, no labor ...Amniotic Fluid; Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1; Obstetric Labor, Premature1996-01
18 Varner, Michael W.Endotoxin enhancement as a possible etiology of early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcal sepsis in the newborn.Group B streptococcal cells, either viable or heat-killed, contain a substance that induced fever in rabbits with maximal responses occurring four hours after intravenous injection. In contrast, supernatant fluids failed to induce significant fever. Group B streptococcal cells also enhanced host sus...Newborns; Endotoxins; Group B Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Sepsis1983-05
19 Varner, Michael W.Episiotomy: techniques and indications.In current obstetric practice episiotomy is generally taken to refer to an incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate vaginal delivery. While the most precise definition of this incision is perineotomy, episiotomy is the generally employed terminology and thus is used in this article. The e...Episiotomy; Adverse Effects; Perineotomy1986-06
20 Varner, Michael W.Fetal injury associated with cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and type of fetal injury identified in women undergoing cesarean delivery. METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, a prospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries was conducted at 13 university centers. Information regarding maternal and in...Birth Injuries; Cesarean Section; Adverse Effects2006-10
21 Moon, Ann M.; Capecchi, Mario R.Fgf8 is required for outgrowth and patterning of the limbs.The expression pattern and activity of fibroblast growth factor-8 (FGF8) in experimental assays indicate that it has important roles in limb development, but early embryonic lethality resulting from mutation of Fgf8 in the germ line of mice has prevented direct assessment of these roles. Here we rep...Animals; Body Patterning; Bone Morphogenetic Proteins; Ectoderm2000-12-26
22 Varner, Michael W.hPL: physiologic and pathophysiologic observations.Serum human placental lactogen (hPL) levels were studied in 806 women in late pregnancy. The hPL levels were positively correlated with birth weight but were unrelated to maternal age, parity, socioeconomic status, or the sex of the newborn. The hPL levels peaked at 37 weeks' gestation and then decl...hPL; Pregnancy Complications; Pregnancy, Multiple; Infant, Newborn; Birth Weight1979-08
23 Varner, Michael W.Human placental lactogen and other placental proteins as indicators of fetal well-being.The purpose of this article will be to review the role of hPL and the newer hormones as indicators of fetal well-being.Human Placental Lactogen; Pregnancy Proteins; Indicators of Fetal Well-Being1982-12
24 Varner, Michael W.Human placental lactogen: a predictor of perinatal outcome?Serial human placental lactogen (hPL) determinations were performed on 806 women with normal and abnormal pregnancies late in the pregnancy. These results were not reported to the clinicians involved. For the study population as a whole, low hPL levels did not effectively predict those adverse perin...Infant, Newborn; Placental Lactogen; Pregnancy; Prenatal Diagnosis1979-08
25 Varner, Michael W.Intergenerational predisposition to operative delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of cesarean delivery for women who themselves were born via operative delivery. METHODS: A linked data base was constructed between the birth certificates of individuals born in Utah during 1947-1957 (parental cohort) and who subsequently became a parent of offspring...Cesarean Section; Cohort Studies; Delivery, Obstetric; Obstetric Labor Complications1996-06
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