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1 Angelucci, AlessandraMultiple components of surround modulation in primary visual cortex: Multiple neural circuits with multiple functions?The responses of neurons in primary visual cortex (V1) to stimulation of their receptive field (RF) are modulated by stimuli in the RF surround. This modulation is suppressive when the stimuli in the RF and surround are of similar orientation, but less suppressive or facilitatory when they are cross...2014-01-01
2 Normann, Richard A.Acute human brain responses to intracortical microelectrode arrays: challenges and future prospectsThe emerging field of neuroprosthetics is focused on the development of new therapeutic interventions that will be able to restore some lost neural function by selective electrical stimulation or by harnessing activity recorded from populations of neurons. As more and more patients benefit from thes...2014-01-01
3 Frederick, Jeanne M.Inactivity of human β,β-carotene-9′, 10-′dioxygenase (BCO2) underlies retinal accumulation of the human macular carotenoid pigmentThe macula of the primate retina uniquely concentrates high amounts of the xanthophyll carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin, but the underlying biochemical mechanisms for this spatial- and species-specific localization have not been fully elucidated. For example, despite abundant reti...2014-01-01
4 Frederick, Jeanne M.Centrin 2 is required for mouse olfactory ciliary trafficking and development of ependymal cilia planar polarityCentrins are ancient calmodulin-related Ca2-binding proteins associated with basal bodies. In lower eukaryotes, Centrin2 (CETN2) is required for basal body replication and positioning, although its function in mammals is undefined. We generated a germline CETN2 knock-out (KO) mouse presenting with s...2014-01-01
5 Frederick, Jeanne M.RNA interference gene therapy in dominant retinitis pigmentosa and cone-rod dystrophy mouse models caused by GCAP1 mutationsRNA interference (RNAi) knockdown is an efficacious therapeutic strategy for silencing genes causative for dominant retinal dystrophies. To test this, we used self-complementry (sc) AAV2/8 vector to develop an RNAi-based therapy in two dominant retinal degeneration mouse models. The allele-specific ...2014-01-01
6 Kriesel, John D.Helicase-primase inhibitor pritelivir for HSV-2 infectionBackground Pritelivir, an inhibitor of the viral helicase-primase complex, exhibits antiviral activity in vitro and in animal models of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. We tested the efficacy and safety of pritelivir in otherwise healthy persons with genital HSV-2 infection. Methods We randomly...2014-01-01
7 Bernstein, Paul S.Reflection-based imaging of macular pigment distributions in infants and childrenWe have developed a reflection-based capability of the RetCam® platform, an FDA-cleared pediatric retinal-imaging instrument, for the purpose of measuring macular pigment levels as well as their spatial distributions in infants and children. Our modifications include narrow-band blue-wavelength exc...2013-01-01
8 Crockett, David K.Identification of histoplasma -specific peptides in human urineHistoplasmosis is a severe dimorphic fungus infection, which is often difficult to diagnose due to similarity in symptoms to other diseases and lack of specific diagnostic tests. Urine samples from histoplasma-antigen-positive patients and appropriate controls were prepared using various sample prep...2012-01-01
9 Bernstein, Paul S.Skin carotenoid status measured by resonance Raman spectroscopy as a biomarker of fruit and vegetable intake in preschool childrenBackground/Objective: Dietary assessment in children is difficult, suggesting a need to develop more objective biomarkers of intake. Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) is a noninvasive, validated method of measuring carotenoid status in skin as a biomarker of fruit/vegetable intake. The purpose of t...2012-01-01
10 Jones, Bryan W.Online parameter estimation in dynamic Markov Random Fields for image sequence analysisMarkov Random Fields (MRF) have proven to be extremely useful models for efficient and accurate image segmentation.Recent literature points to an increased effort towards incorporating useful priors (shape, geometry, context) in a MRF framework. However, topological priors, considered extremely cruc...2012-01-01
11 Bernstein, Paul S.Senior-Løken syndrome: a syndromic form of retinal dystrophy associated with nephronophthisisSenior-Løken syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by development of a retinitis (RP)- or Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA)-like retinal dystrophy and a medullary cystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis. Mutations in several genes (called nephrocystins) have been shown to ca...2012-01-01
12 Frederick, Jeanne M.The prenyl-binding protein PrBP/δ: A chaperone participating in intracellular traffickingExpressed ubiquitously, PrBP/d functions as chaperone/co-factor in the transport of a subset of prenylated proteins. PrBP/d features an immunoglobulin-like b-sandwich fold for lipid binding, and interacts with diverse partners. PrBP/d binds both C-terminal C15 and C20 prenyl side chains of phototran...2012-01-01
13 Frederick, Jeanne M.Uncoordinated (UNC)119: Coordinating the trafficking of myristoylated proteinsThe mechanism by which myristoylated proteins are targeted to specific subcellular membrane compartments is poorly understood. Two novel acyl-binding proteins, UNC119A and UNC119B, have been shown recently to function as chaperones/co-factors in the transport of myristoylated G protein a-subunits an...2012-01-01
14 Fuhrmann, SabineExtraocular ectoderm triggers dorsal retinal fate during optic vesicle evagination in zebrafishDorsal retinal fate is established early in eye development, via expression of spatially restricted dorsal‐specific transcription factors in the optic vesicle; yet the events leading to initiation of dorsal fate are not clear. We hypothesized that induction of dorsal fate would require an extraocu...2012-01-01
15 Normann, Richard A.Adaptive parameter selection for asynchronous intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulationThis paper describes an adaptive algorithm for selecting perelectrode stimulus intensities and inter-electrode stimulation phasing to achieve desired isometric plantar-flexion forces via asynchronous, intrafascicular multi-electrode stimulation. The algorithm employed a linear model of force product...2012-01-01
16 Moshirfar, MajidThe effect of preoperative keratometry on visual outcomes after moderate myopic LASIKThe relationship between preoperative keratometry (K) and visual outcomes in laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) has been studied in high myopia and hyperopia, but not in moderate myopia. Rao et al report increased undercorrection in eyes with preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) of −1...2012-01-01
17 Moshirfar, MajidDouble-pass microkeratome technique for ultra-thin graft preparation in Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplastyEndothelial keratoplasty is evolving with increased attention placed on the optical qualities of the posterior donor lenticule. In efforts to improve visual outcomes, the effects of the thickness, smoothness, and planar profile are being studied. This paper describes a double-pass microkeratome tech...2012-01-01
18 Normann, Richard A.Oscillations in rod and horizontal cell membrane potential: evidence for feed-back to rods in the vertebrate retina1. Rods and horizontal cells were studied with intracellular recordings in the retina of the toad, Bufo marinus; 161 cells were from the eyecup preparation and thirty were from the isolated perfused retina. 2. Of these cells, 39% exhibited either transient or sustained oscillations of membrane poten...Retina; Photoreceptors; Toads; Adaptation, Ocular1976
19 Baehr, Wolfgang; Katz, Bradley J.; Creel, Donnell J.; Zhang, KangAutosomal dominant cone dystrophy caused by a novel mutation in the GCAP1 gene (GUCA1A)PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and genetic analysis of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (adCD). METHODS: Selected members of a family with an autosomal dominant cone dystrophy underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Blood samples were obtained, genomic DNA was isolated, and ge...Mutation, Missense; DNA Mutational Analysis; Electroretinography2005
20 Normann, Richard A.Control of retinal sensitivity. I. Light and dark adaptation of vertebrate rods and conesRods and cones in Necturus respond with graded hyperpolarization to test flashes spanning about 3.5 log units of intensity. Steady background levels hyperpolarize the rods, and the rod responses become progressively smaller as background level is increased. In cones, higher background levels reduce...Retina;Light and Dark Adaptation; Recepters; Bipolars; Ganglion Cells1974
21 Digre, Kathleen B.; Couldwell, William T.; Amini, AminPhotophobia in a blind patient: An alternate visual pathway. Case report.Photophobia is a common neurological and ophthalmological symptom that has been associated with a growing number of neurosurgical conditions, especially compressive lesions. The exact signaling pathways and neurophysiological features of the disorder are not well understood; however, data from multi...Photophobia, Blindness, Signaling Pathway, Pretectal Nuclei, Trigeminal Pathway2006-12-14
22 Warner, Judith E. A.Intermittent reversal of Complete Ptosis-EganWarnerCASE REPORT: Ptosis secondary to dense oculomotor pareses generally improves over several months, but intermittent elevation of the eyelid has not been reported. The Author's describe two patients who demonstrated intermittent involuntary monocular eyelid elevation in an eye with complete ptosis cau...Eyelids; Ophthalmoplegia; Intraoperative Complications2006
23 Baehr, WolfgangCloning and molecular characterization of cGMP-gated ion channels from rod and cone photoreceptors of striped bass ( M. saxatilis ) retinaVertebrate photoreceptors respond to light with changes in membrane conductance that reflect the activity of cyclic-nucleotide gated channels (CNG channels). The functional features of these channels differ in rods and cones; to understand the basis of these differences we cloned CNG channels from t...Amino Acid Sequence; Computational Biology; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction2006
24 Zhang, KangMolecular and developmental characterization of the heat shock cognate 4 gene of Drosophila melanogasterThe Drosophila heat shock cognate gene 4 (hsc4), a member of the hsp70 gene family, encodes an abundant protein, hsc70, that is more similar to the constitutively expressed human protein than the Drosophila heat-inducible hsp70. Developmental expression revealed that hsc4 transcripts are enriched in...Embryo, Nonmammalian; Molecular Sequence Data1990
25 Normann, Richard A.; Chandler, John P.Effects of calcium ions on L-type horizontal cells in the isolated turtle retinaA technique by which the retina can be isolated from the turtle eye is described. Scanning electron microscopy revealed morphological variability between preparations and also between regions of the same one. Large areas were often totally free of any pigment epithelial cells, yet contained a high p...Retina; Calcium; Horizontal Cell; Turtle1990
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