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1 Thomas, Kirk R.; Capecchi, Mario R.Nonreciprocal exchanges of information between DNA duplexes coinjected into mammalian. cell nucleiWe have examined the mechanism of homologous recombination between plasmid molecules coinjected into cultured mammalian cells. Cell lines containing recombinant DNA molecules were obtained by selecting for the reconstruction of a functional Neor gene from two plasmids that bear different amber mutat...Animals; Cells, Cultured; DNA Restriction Enzymes; Kinetics1985-01
2 Capecchi, Mario R.Introduction: the molecular genetic analysis of mouse developmentThis paper is an introduction of seven different papers presented in "Seminars in developmental biology" on Molecular Genetic Analysis of Mouse Development . The first paper, by Janet Rossant, describes very early mouse development. The second paper, by Frank Conlon and Rosa Beddington provide an i...Embryo Culture Techniques; Genes1995-04
3 Capecchi, Mario R.Hox group 3 paralogs regulate the development and migration of the thymus, thyroid, and parathyroid glands.The thymus, thyroid, and parathyroid glands in vertebrates develop from the pharyngeal region, with contributions both from pharyngeal endoderm and from neural crest cells in the pharyngeal arches. Hoxa3 mutant homozygotes have defects in the development of all three organs. Roles for the Hoxa3 para...Animals, Newborn; Calcitonin; Ectoderm; Gene Dosage; Genotype; Mice, Mutant Strains; Phenotype1998-03-01
4 Capecchi, Mario R.; Tvrdik, PetrHoxb1 functions in both motoneurons and in tissues of the periphery to establish and maintain the proper neuronal circuitry.Formation of neuronal circuits in the head requires the coordinated development of neurons within the central nervous system (CNS) and neural crest-derived peripheral target tissues. Hoxb1, which is expressed throughout rhombomere 4 (r4), has been shown to be required for the specification of facial...Rhombomere 4; Branchiomotor; Cranial Nerve2004-07-04
5 Capecchi, Mario R.Critical role of tissue angiotensin-converting enzyme as revealed by gene targeting in miceAngiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) generates the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II, which plays a critical role in maintenance of blood pressure in mammals. Although significant ACE activity is found in plasma, the majority of the enzyme is bound to tissues such as the vascular endothelium. We used ta...Blood pressure; ACE activity; Enzyme1997-03-06
6 Capecchi, Mario R.N-formylmethionyl-sRNA as the initiator of protein synthesis.A bizarre fast about Nterminal groups of bacterial proteins. Instead of a random mixture, that the great majority of N-terminal groups were either methionine or alanine. This finding suggested that methionine and alanine constituted start signals for the initiation of polypeptide chains. Alternative...Electrophoresis; Formates; In Vitro; Methionine1966-01-01
7 Capecchi, Mario R.; Mansour, Suzanne L.; Thomas, Kirk R.Disruption of the proto-oncogene int-2 in mouse embryo-derived stem cells: a general strategy for targeting mutations to non-selectable genes.Gene targeting--homologous recombination of DNA sequences residing in the chromosome with newly introduced DNA sequences--in mouse embryo-derived stem cells promises to provide a means to generate mice of any desired genotype. We describe a positive nd negative selection procedure that enriches 2,00...Animals; Clone Cells; Restriction Mapping; Stem Cells1988-11-24
8 Capecchi, Mario R.Detection of targeted GFP-Hox gene fuogenesissions during mouse embry.The ability to use a vital cell marker to study mouse embryogenesis will open new avenues of experimental research. Recently, the use of transgenic mice, containing multiple copies of the jellyfish gene encoding the green fluorescent protein (GFP), has begun to realize this potential. Here, we show ...Chimera; Crosses, Genetic; Gestational Age; Green Fluorescent Proteins; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Phenotype1998-10-27
9 Capecchi, Mario R.Reexamination of gene targeting frequency as a function of the extent of homology between the targeting vector and the target locus.Mutations were targeted to the Hprt locus of mouse embryo-derived stem cells by using 22 different sequence replacement and sequence insertion vectors. The targeting frequency was examined at two sites within the Hprt locus as a function of the extent of homology between the targeting vector and the...Cell Line; DNA Transposable Elements; Embryo; Exons; Mice1992-08-12
10 Hansen, Mark S.; Healy, Lindsey J.; Johnson, Christopher R.; Capecchi, Mario R.; Keller, Charles; Jones, Greg M.Virtual histology of transgenic mouse embryos for high-throughput phenotyping.A bold new effort to disrupt every gene in the mouse genome necessitates systematic, interdisciplinary approaches to analyzing patterning defects in the mouse embryo. We present a novel, rapid, and inexpensive method for obtaining high-resolution virtual histology for phenotypic assessment of mouse ...Forkhead Transcription Factors; Paired Box Transcription Factors2006
11 Capecchi, Mario R.Xanthine oxidoreductase is central to the evolution and function of the innate immune system.The housekeeping enzyme xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) has been studied intensively over the past 100 years, yet the complexity of its in vivo function is still poorly understood. A large body of literature focuses on the different catalyltic forms of XOR and their importance in the synthesis of reac...Animals; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Humans; Immune System; Models, Biological2003-09-01
12 Capecchi, Mario R.Homologous recombination between coinjected DNA sequences peaks in early to mid-S phase.We have examined the effect of cell cycle position on homologous recombination between plasmid molecules coinjected into synchronized rat fibroblasts. Recombination activity was found to be low in G1 and to rise 10- to 15-fold, peaking in early to mid-S phase.Cell Line; Kinetics; Plasmids1986-06
13 Capecchi, Mario R.Yeast super-suppressors are altered tRNAs capable of translating a nonsense codon in vitro.tRNA isolated from two different yeast super-suppressor strains translates a known nonsense mutation in vitro, whereas tRNA from a closely related nonsuppressing strain does not. Suppression was assayed by translation of RNA isolated from an amber coat mutant of bacteriophage Qbeta (GB11) in a prote...Codon; Escherichia coli; Protein Biosynthesis1975-11
14 Thomas, Kirk R.; Capecchi, Mario R.Efficient correction of mismatched bases in plasmid heteroduplexes injected into cultured mammalian cell nuclei.Heteroduplexes were prepared from two plasmids, pRH4-14/TK and pRH5-8/TK, containing different amber mutations in the neomycin resistance gene (Neor). The Neor gene was engineered to be expressed in both bacterial and mammalian cells. A functional Neor gene conferred kanamycin resistance to bacteria...Cell Nucleus; Cells, Cultured; Microinjections1985-01
15 Capecchi, Mario R.; Bernstein, Kenneth E.; Thomas, Kirk R.Targeting genes for self-excision in the germ lineA procedure is described that directs the self-induced deletion of DNA sequences as they pass through the male germ line of mice. The testes-specific promoter from the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene was used to drive expression of the Cre-recombinase gene. Cre was linked to the selectable marker...Cre-recombinase; Hoxa3; Chimeric mice1999-06-15
16 Capecchi, Mario R.Polypeptide chain termination in vitro: isolation of a release factor.The growing polypeptide chain remains bound to the ribosome-messenger RNA complex through the sRNA carrying the last amino acid incorporated into the polypeptide chain.' On completion of the polypeptide chain a mechanism must exist for releasing it from the protein-synthesizing machinery. To date, m...Carbon Isotopes; Phenylalanine; Proteins1967-09-01
17 Capecchi, Mario R.Isolation and characterization of Caenorhabditis elegans DNA sequences homologous to the v-abl oncogene.DNA sequences homologous to the v-abl oncogene were isolated from a Caenorhabditis elegans genomic library by their ability to hybridize with a v-src probe. The DNA sequence of 2465 nucleotides of one clone was determined. This region corresponds to the 5' protein kinase domain of v-abl plus approxi...Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Base Sequence; Gene Expression Regulation; Transcription, Genetic1986-04
18 Coffin, Cheryl M.; Capecchi, Mario R.Alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas in conditional Pax3:Fkhr mice: cooperativity of Ink4a/ARF and Trp53 loss of function.Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive childhood muscle cancer for which outcomes are poor when the disease is advanced. Although well-developed mouse models exist for embryonal and pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas, neither a spontaneous nor a transgenic mouse model of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma has...Cell Differentiation; Forkhead Transcription Factors; Myogenic Regulatory Factors2004-11-01
19 Capecchi, Mario R.Mice with targeted disruptions in the paralogous genes hoxa-3 and hoxd-3 reveal synergistic interactions.The Hox genes encode transcription factors which mediate the formation of the mammalian body plan along the anteroposterior and appendicular axes. Paralogous Hox genes within the separate linkage groups are closely related with respect to DNA sequence and expression, suggesting that they could have ...Animals; Atlas; Homozygote; Mice; Models, Genetic1994-07-28
20 Capecchi, Mario R.Hoxb13 mutations cause overgrowth of caudal spinal cord and tail vertebraeTo address the expression and function of Hoxb13, the 5' most Hox gene in the HoxB cluster, we have generated mice with loss-of-function and beta-galactosidase reporter insertion alleles of this gene. Mice homozygous for Hoxb13 loss-of-function mutations show overgrowth in all major structures deriv...Animals; Axons; Ganglia, Spinal; Mice; Spinal Cord2003-04-15
21 Capecchi, Mario R.Location and function of retroviral and SV40 sequences that enhance biochemical transformation after microinjection of DNA.Biochemical transformation of thymidine-kinase-deficient (TK-) mouse L cells is enhanced 20 to 40 fold when microinjected plasmid DNA contains regions of the genomes of Rous sarcoma virus or simian virus 40 in addition to the complete herpes simplex virus tk gene, irrespective of the orientation and...Animals; Base Sequence; Genes, Viral; Plasmids; Thymidine Kinase1983-07-01
22 Capecchi, Mario R.Targeted mutations in hoxa-9 and hoxb-9 reveal synergistic interactions.Mice were generated with a targeted disruption of the homeobox-containing gene hoxb-9. Mice homozygous for this mutation show defects in the development of the first and second ribs. In most cases the first and second ribs are fused near the point at which the first and second pairs of ribs normally...Embryonic and Fetal Development; In Situ Hybridization; Mice, Knockout1997-01-15
23 Thomas, Kirk R.; Capecchi, Mario R.Introduction of homologous DNA sequences into mammalian cells induces mutations in the cognate gene.Injection of homologous DNA sequences into nuclei of cultured mammalian cells induces mutations in the cognate chromosomal gene. It appears that these mutations result from incorrect repair of a heteroduplex formed between the introduced and the chromosomal sequence. This phenomenon is termed 'heter...Animals; Cell Line; Drug Resistance, Microbial; Fibroblasts; Mice; Models, Genetic; Neomycin; Plasmids1986-11-06
24 Capecchi, Mario R.Gene targeting. How efficient can you get?With targeting in Leishmania and Trypanosoma, there are now greater incentives to develop the technology in organisms of intermediate complexity such as Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. The ratio of homologous to nonhomologus recombination in these organisms might prove to be greater than in m...Animals; DNA Mutational Analysis; Recombination, Genetic1990-11-08
25 Moon, Ann M.; Capecchi, Mario R.Roles of Fgf4 and Fgf8 in limb bud initiation and outgrowth.Although numerous molecules required for limb bud formation have recently been identified, the molecular pathways that initiate this process and ensure that limb formation occurs at specific axial positions have yet to be fully elucidated. Based on experiments in the chick, Fgf8 expression in the in...Animals; Apoptosis; Forelimb; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; High Mobility Group Proteins; Hindlimb; In Situ Hybridization; Mesoderm; Mice, Mutant Strains; Trans-Activators2004-09
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