You've searched: Department: "Obstetrics & Gynecology" Collection: "ir_uspace"
1 - 25 of 50
Number of results to display per page
CreatorTitleDescriptionSubjectDate
1 Varner, Michael W.Episiotomy: techniques and indications.In current obstetric practice episiotomy is generally taken to refer to an incision of the perineum and vagina to facilitate vaginal delivery. While the most precise definition of this incision is perineotomy, episiotomy is the generally employed terminology and thus is used in this article. The e...Episiotomy; Adverse Effects; Perineotomy1986-06
2 Varner, Michael W.Elevated second-trimester maternal serum hCG: a marker of inadequate angiogenesis.OBJECTIVE: To measure angiogenin, a potent inducer of neovascularization and interleukin-6, as an indicator of acute inflammation, in second-trimester amniotic fluid of patients with elevated maternal serum hCG. METHODS: In this case-control study, 20 patients with elevated maternal serum hCG (at le...Angiogenesis Inducing Agents; Interleukin-6; Pregnancy Complications; hCG1998-04
3 Varner, Michael W.Endotoxin enhancement as a possible etiology of early-onset group B beta-hemolytic streptococcal sepsis in the newborn.Group B streptococcal cells, either viable or heat-killed, contain a substance that induced fever in rabbits with maximal responses occurring four hours after intravenous injection. In contrast, supernatant fluids failed to induce significant fever. Group B streptococcal cells also enhanced host sus...Newborns; Endotoxins; Group B Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal Sepsis1983-05
4 Varner, Michael W.; Clark, Edward B.; Fernando, Kumari L.; Mathews, V. JohnRobust estimation of fetal heart rate variability using Doppler ultrasound.This paper presents a new measure of heart rate variability (HRV) that can be estimated using Doppler ultrasound techniques and is robust to variations in the angle of incidence of the ultrasound beam and the measurement noise. This measure employs the multiple signal characterization (MUSIC) algori...Prenatal Ultrasonography; Fetal Heart Rate; Blood Flow Velocity; Algorithms2003-08
5 Varner, Michael W.Multiple gestation: time interval between delivery of the first and second twins.A clinical investigation was undertaken to challenge the commonly accepted view that the interval between the birth of the first and second twins should be preferably within 15 minutes and certainly no more than 30 minutes. During 1981 and 1982, 115 patients with live-born twins at 34 or more weeks'...Twins; Time Interval Between Births; Fetal Monitoring1984-04
6 Varner, Michael W.Abnormal pregnancy sonogram: selective indication for fetal karyotype.The inability to make a definitive diagnosis in the fetus with a sonographically identified abnormality often results in parental and physician uncertainty. An antenatal chromosome evaluation could resolve this uncertainty. Forty-one fetuses with an abnormal ultrasound examination were tested for ka...Chromosome Disorders; Pregnancy; Karyotyping; Abnormalities; Amniocentesis1987-01
7 Varner, Michael W.Diagnosis of maternal cystic fibrosis during pregnancy.The third and fourth cases of maternal cystic fibrosis diagnosed during pregnancy are presented. Quantitative pilocarpine iontophoresis (sweat chlorides) must be performed to establish the diagnosis. Other important findings include recurrent or persistent respiratory symptoms, chest x-ray abnormali...Pregnancy; Cystic Fibrosis; Chlorides; Respiratory Insufficiency1983-03
8 Digre, Kathleen B.Significance of CT and MR findings in sphenoid sinus disease.Disorders of the paranasal sinuses, particularly the sphenoid sinus, can be associated with significant disorders of the optic and other cranial nerves. We examined 100 consecutive routine CT scans, 100 posterior fossa CT scans, and 100 MR scans to look for evidence of sinus disease, especially of t...Sphenoid Sinus; Vision Disorders; Paranasal Sinus Diseases; Magnetic Resonance Imaging1989-05
9 Digre, Kathleen B.; Warner, Judith E. A.; Bernstein, Paul S.; Alder, Stephen C.Vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertensionWe quantified vitamin A in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension, elevated intracranial pressure of other causes and normal intracranial pressure. Vitamin A could be detected by high-pressure liquid chromatography in most of the specimens. There was a signific...Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Headache2002-11
10 Varner, Michael W.Systemic lupus erythematosus.Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease of unresolved cause afflicting predominantly women in their childbearing years. Speculation exists as to the relative roles of viruses, histocompatibility loci such as HLA-DR3, and estrogenmediated decreases in suppressor cell function. Whateve...Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Pregnancy Complications1983-09
11 Varner, Michael W.; Jackson, G. MarcSevere pulmonary hypertension in pregnancy following successful repair of ventricular septal defect in childhood.BACKGROUND: Because of advances in surgical repair, an increasing number of women born with structural cardiac disease now live to reproductive age. Patients treated successfully in childhood are followed for varying periods of time, then may be lost to follow-up or told that no follow-up is necessa...Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular; Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular; Hypertension, Pulmonary1993-10
12 Varner, Michael W.; Porter T. FlintRisk of preterm birth across generations.OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of preterm birth for mothers who themselves were born before term. METHODS: Data were taken from a linked data base of birth certificates composed of two cohorts: 1) a parental cohort of women born between 1947 and 1957 and 2) their offspring born between 1970 and 1992...Preterm mothers; Pregnancy; Premature; Risk1997-07
13 Varner, Michael W.; Esplin, Michael S.Progression of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation during pregnancy: case report and review of the literature.Arteriovenous Malformations; Pulmonary Artery; Pregnancy Complications; Pulmonary Veins; Pulmonary Artery1997-04
14 Varner, Michael W.Risk of uterine rupture with a trial of labor in women with multiple and single prior cesarean delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk for uterine rupture is increased in women attempting vaginal birth after multiple cesarean deliveries. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter observational study of women with prior cesarean delivery undergoing trial of labor and elective repeat oper...Cesarean Section, Repeat; Uterine Rupture; Vaginal Birth after Cesarean; Obstetric Labor Complications/surgery2006-07
15 Digre, Kathleen B.; Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Hanover, RitaIdiopathic intracranial hypertension. Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of lifeOBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not d...Intracranial Hypertension; Depression; Anxiety; Quality of Life2000-01-25
16 Varner, Michael W.Asthma during pregnancyOBJECTIVE: To determine neonatal and maternal outcomes stratified by asthma severity during pregnancy by using the 1993 National Asthma Education Program Working Group on Asthma and Pregnancy definitions of asthma severity. The primary hypothesis was that moderate or severe asthmatics would have an ...Asthma; Infant, Newborn; Pregnancy Outcomes2004-01
17 Buchi, Karen F.; Varner, Michael W.Prevalence of substance abuse among pregnant women in Utah.OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of substance use among Utah's pregnant women, who are primarily white and middle class, for comparison to rates reported in studies of inner-city populations. METHODS: Urine specimens and demographic data were obtained anonymously from women who delivered infants at ...Substance Abuse; Pregnancy; Utah/epidemiology1993-02
18 Varner, Michael W.Elevations of amniotic fluid macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha concentrations in women during term and preterm labor.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether elevated concentrations of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in amniotic fluid (AF) are related to term and preterm labor. METHODS: Amniotic fluid was obtained from women from five different clinical situations: 1) term cesarean delivery, no labor ...Amniotic Fluid; Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1; Obstetric Labor, Premature1996-01
19 Varner, Michael W.Intergenerational predisposition to operative delivery.OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of cesarean delivery for women who themselves were born via operative delivery. METHODS: A linked data base was constructed between the birth certificates of individuals born in Utah during 1947-1957 (parental cohort) and who subsequently became a parent of offspring...Cesarean Section; Cohort Studies; Delivery, Obstetric; Obstetric Labor Complications1996-06
20 Varner, Michael W.Randomized study of closure of the peritoneum at cesarean delivery.This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that nonclosure of the visceral and parietal peritoneum during low transverse cervical cesarean delivery is not associated with increased intraoperative or immediate postoperative complications. One hundred thirteen patients scheduled for low transvers...Cesarean Section; Postoperative Complications; Visceral and Parietal Peritoneum closure1991-06
21 Frederick, Jeanne M.; Thulin, Craig; Bernstein, Paul S.Identification and characterization of a Pi isoform of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP1) as a zeaxanthin-binding protein in the macula of the human eyeUptake, metabolism, and stabilization of xanthophyll carotenoids in the retina are thought to be mediated by specific xanthophyll-binding proteins (XBPs). A membrane-associated XBP was purified from human macula using ion-exchange chromatography followed by gel-exclusion chromatography. Two-dimensio...Circular Dichroism; Isoelectric Focusing; Macula Lutea; Xanthophylls2004
22 Baehr, Wolfgang; Thulin, CraigImmunolocalization and divergent roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retinaPURPOSE: These investigations were undertaken to compare and contrast the roles of phosducin and phosducin-like protein in the retina. METHODS: Phosducin and phosducin-like protein were compared in an in vitro assay measuring their inhibition of transducin binding to light-activated rhodopsin. The t...Antibody Specificity; Protein Binding; Rod Outer Segments1999
23 Varner, Michael W.hPL: physiologic and pathophysiologic observations.Serum human placental lactogen (hPL) levels were studied in 806 women in late pregnancy. The hPL levels were positively correlated with birth weight but were unrelated to maternal age, parity, socioeconomic status, or the sex of the newborn. The hPL levels peaked at 37 weeks' gestation and then decl...hPL; Pregnancy Complications; Pregnancy, Multiple; Infant, Newborn; Birth Weight1979-08
24 Lam, LeAnnPre-clinical animal model for ovarian cancer using live imaging systemDevelopment of a live imaging animal model for orthotopic ovarian cancers in order to better understand disease mechanisms and response to potential anticancer drug treatments.Ovarian cancer; Cancer; Animal model; Live imaging; Cell culture; ACCESS2015-04-14
25 Digre, Kathleen B.Not so benign intracranial hypertension.Despite many controversies, intracranial hypertension due to use of doxycycline does occur. Practitioners prescribing the tetracyclic antibiotics should be aware of the syndrome of increased intracranial pressure, and pay particular attention to the ocular fundus for papilloedema. Appropriate referr...Venous Occusion; Venous Hypertension; Tetracycline, Doxycycline; Minocycline2003-03-22
1 - 25 of 50