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1 Agarwal, NiveditaMicrostructural thalamic changes in schizophrenia: a combined anatomic and diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging studyObjective: Several magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and postmortem studies have supported the role of the thalamus in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Interestingly, a recent small diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) study showed abnormal thalamic microstructure in patients with schizophrenia. The...2008-01-01
2 Foster, Norman L.Justifying reimbursement for Alzheimers diagnostics and treatments: Seeking alignment on evidenceThe increasing cost of health care combined with expensive new drugs and diagnostics is leading to more frequent gaps between regulatory and reimbursement approval decisions. As a result, persons with Alzheimer's disease may have difficulty accessing the benefits of medical advances. In contrast to ...2014-01-01
3 Rodin, Ernst A.Interictal infraslow activity in patients with epilepsyObjective: To evaluate if interictal infraslow activity (ISA), as obtained from a conventional EEG system, can contribute information about the epileptogenic process. Methods: The entire long-term intracranial monitoring sessions of 12 consecutive patients were evaluated on an XLTEK system for ISA. ...2014-01-01
4 Digre, Kathleen B.Significance of CT and MR findings in sphenoid sinus disease.Disorders of the paranasal sinuses, particularly the sphenoid sinus, can be associated with significant disorders of the optic and other cranial nerves. We examined 100 consecutive routine CT scans, 100 posterior fossa CT scans, and 100 MR scans to look for evidence of sinus disease, especially of t...Sphenoid Sinus; Vision Disorders; Paranasal Sinus Diseases; Magnetic Resonance Imaging1989-05
5 Levy, James A.Context-specific memory and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon 4: cognitive evidence from the NIMH prospective study of risk for Alzheimer's disease.The aim of the study was to determine whether the epsilon 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene was associated primarily with context-specific memory among individuals at genetic risk for developing Alzheimer's disease. The effect of ApoE status on comprehensive neuropsychological results was...Alleles; Apolipoprotein E4; Mental Status Schedule2004-05-10
6 Rodin, Ernst A.Prognosis of Patients with Epilepsy
7 Digre, Kathleen B.Novel mechanism for benign essential blepharospasm.PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that the photophobia of benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) is caused by sympathetically maintained pain. METHODS: Nineteen patients with photophobia and BEB were enrolled in an unblinded prospective treatment trial. The intervention was ...Blepharospasm, Autonomic Nerve Block, Blepharospasm, Superior Cervical Ganglion, Lidocaine, Pain1999-11-15
8 Jones, Bryan W.; Jones, Christopher R.; Czajkowski, LauraFamilial advanced sleep-phase syndrome: a short-period circadian rhythmvariant in humansBiological circadian clocks oscillate with an approximately 24-hour period, are ubiquitous, and presumably confer a selective advantage by anticipating the transitions between day and night. The circadian rhythms of sleep, melatonin secretion and body core temperature are thought to be generated by ...Activity Cycles; Matched-Pair Analysis; Polysomnography1999
9 Bernstein, Paul S.; Zabriskie, Norman A.; Zhang, Kang; Leppert, Mark F.Diverse macular dystrophy phenotype caused by a novel complex mutation in the ELOVL4 genePURPOSE: A 5-bp deletion in ELOVL4, a photoreceptor-specific gene, has been associated with autosomal dominant (ad) macular dystrophy phenotypes in five related families, in which phenotypes range from Stargardt-like macular dystrophy (STGD3; Mendelian Inheritance in Man 600110) to pattern dystrophy...Linkage (Genetics); Middle Aged; Phenotype2001
10 Digre, Kathleen B.Serum vitamin A concentration is elevated in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose was to investigate whether serum vitamin A concentration is associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The secondary aim was to obtain pilot data regarding the amount of vitamin A ingested by patients and controls. BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is an attractiv...Vitamin A; Retinol; Idiopathic intracranial hypertension; Chromatography2007-02-01
11 Gouw, Launce G.; McKenna, Catherine K.; Digre, Kathleen B.; Placek, Louis J.Analysis of the dynamic mutation in the SCA7 gene shows marked parental effects on CAG repeat transmission.The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia 7 (SCA7) includes a transcribed, translated CAG tract that is expanded in SCA7 patients. We have determined expansions in 73 individuals from 17 SCA7 kindreds and compared them with repeat lengths of 180 unaffected individuals. Subjects with abnormal expansions co...Genetics; Biosynthesis; SCA7 Gene1998-03-07
12 Kriesel, John D.; Maulden, Sarah Annamarie; Spruance, Spotswood L.Anti-interleukin-6 antibodies inhibit herpes simplex virus reactivation.Herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) infect epithelial cells, become localized in neurons, and can reactivate in response to a variety of stimuli, including ultraviolet light and hyperthermia. The sequence of gene activation during viral replication is known, but the molecular linkage between exogenous sti...Mice, Inbred BALB C; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; Virus Activation1997
13 Digre, Kathleen B.; Gouw, Launce G.; Harris, Catherine P.; Haines, John H.; Ptacek, L.J.Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia with retinal degeneration: clinical, neuropathologic, and genetic analysis of a large kindred.The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of neurologic disorders characterized by degeneration of the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brainstem. Genetic analysis has revealed two loci, SCA1 on chromosome 6p, and SCA2 on chromosome 12q, responsible for some ADCA. W...Retinal Degeneration; Cerebellar Ataxia; Genetic Analysis1994-08
14 Digre, Kathleen B.; Kleinschmidt, Julia J.; Hanover, RitaIdiopathic intracranial hypertension. Relationship to depression, anxiety, and quality of lifeOBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of depression and anxiety and to measure quality of life in women with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), a matched group cross-sectional study was conducted. Women with IIH (n = 28) were compared with control groups of weight- and age-matched women not d...Intracranial Hypertension; Depression; Anxiety; Quality of Life2000-01-25
15 Varner, Michael W.; Digre, Kathleen B.Pseudotumor cerebri and pregnancy.Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is most commonly seen in obese women of reproductive age. We studied 109 women with PTC between ages 16 and 44 years. In 11, PTC started during pregnancy. Thirteen women with previous diagnosis of PTC, including two of the aforementioned 11, had an additional 17 documented ...Pregnancy Complications; Pseudotumor Cerebri; Vision disorders; Headache; Intracranial Pressure1984-06
16 Swallow, Charles E.; Tsuruda, Jay S.; Digre, Kathleen B.; Glaser, Matthew J.; Davidson, H. Christian; Harnsberger, H. RicTerson syndrome: CT evaluation in 12 patients.PURPOSE: Terson syndrome may be overlooked in the acute setting and often requires ophthalmologic intervention to prevent long-term visual loss. In this syndrome, vitreous or retinal hemorrhage results from an abrupt rise in intracranial pressure, leading to retinal venous hypertension and intraocul...Retinal Hemorrhage; Visual Acuity; Vitreous Hemorrhage1998-04
17 Jaeckle, Kurt A.; Digre, Kathleen B.; Jones, Christopher R.; Bailey, Peter L.Central neurogenic hyperventilation: pharmacologic intervention with morphine sulfate and correlative analysis of respiratory, sleep, and ocular motor dysfunction.Central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH), for which there is no effective therapy, can eventually result in respiratory fatigue and death. This report describes a patient with CNH due to a brainstem anaplastic astrocytoma who also exhibited disturbances of sleep and ocular motor function. The CNH r...Central Neurogenic H yperventilation; Ocular Motor Dysfunction1990-11
18 Varner, Michael W.; Digre, Kathleen B.Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in eclampsia.Although the precise neuropathologic basis for eclamptic convulsions remains unclear, intracranial hemorrhage is frequently associated with fatal cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a recently developed neuroimaging technique that appears superior to other processes for defining intracranial ...Eclampsia; Brain Edema; Cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging1987-09
19 Rodin, Ernst A.Prognosis of Patients with EpilepsyWritten primarily for the physician who is responsible for the treatment of epileptic patients and the clinical investigator interested in the basic mechanisms underlying this disorder. The book also addresses itself to psychologists interested in the study of mind-brain relationships. Factors relat...epilepsy; epileptic patients; mind-brain relationships1968
20 Digre, Kathleen B.; Blumenthal, Deborah T.; Salzman, Karen L.; Jensen, Randy L.; Dunson, William A.Early pathologic findings and long-term improvement in anti-Ma2-associated encephalitis.A 67-year-old man sequentially developed anti-Ma2-associated paraneoplastic encephalitis (PNE) and contralateral herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Brain biopsy 1 month before HSE revealed extensive infiltrates of T cells, B cells, and plasma cells. Most T cells expressed the cytotoxic granule-assoc...Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders; Encephalitis; Neoplasm;Herpes Simplex2006-07-11
21 Digre, Kathleen B.Not so benign intracranial hypertension.Despite many controversies, intracranial hypertension due to use of doxycycline does occur. Practitioners prescribing the tetracyclic antibiotics should be aware of the syndrome of increased intracranial pressure, and pay particular attention to the ocular fundus for papilloedema. Appropriate referr...Venous Occusion; Venous Hypertension; Tetracycline, Doxycycline; Minocycline2003-03-22
22 Foster, Norman L.Novel insertional presenilin 1 mutation causing Alzheimer disease with spastic paraparesis.A four-generation pedigree exhibiting early-onset autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease (AD) with spastic paraplegia, dystonia, and dysarthria due to a novel 6-nucleotide insertional mutation in exon 3 of the presenilin 1 gene (PS1) is described. Serial examinations, PET scans, and autopsy revealed t...Aged, 80 and over; Membrane Proteins; Neuropsychological Tests2004-05-25
23 Singleton, J. Robinson; Smith, A. GordonMicrovascular complications of impaired glucose tolerance.Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) serves as a marker for the state of insulin resistance and predicts both large- and small-vessel vascular complications, independent of a patient's progression to diabetes. Patients with IGT are at significantly increased risk for death and morbidity due to myocardia...Microcirculation; Humans2003-12-01
24 Digre, Kathleen B.; Couldwell, William T.; Amini, AminPhotophobia in a blind patient: An alternate visual pathway. Case report.Photophobia is a common neurological and ophthalmological symptom that has been associated with a growing number of neurosurgical conditions, especially compressive lesions. The exact signaling pathways and neurophysiological features of the disorder are not well understood; however, data from multi...Photophobia, Blindness, Signaling Pathway, Pretectal Nuclei, Trigeminal Pathway2006-12-14
25 Agarwal, NiveditaBrain function monitoring during off-pump cardiac surgery: a case reportBackground: Early postoperative stroke is an adverse syndrome after coronary bypass surgery. This report focuses on overcoming of cerebral ischemia as a result of haemodynamic instability during heart enucleation in off-pump procedure. Case presentation: A 67 year old male patient, Caucasian race, ...2008
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