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1 Viterbi sparse spike detectionAccurate interpretation of seismic traveltimes and amplitudes in the exploration and global scales is complicated by the band-limited nature of seismic data. We discovered a stochastic method to reduce a seismic waveform into a most probable constituent spike train. Model waveforms were constructed ...2013-01-01
2 Tracer applications of noble gas radionuclides in the geosciencesNoble gas radionuclides, including 81Kr (t1/2 = 229,000 yr), 85Kr (t1/2 = 10.8 yr), and 39Ar (t1/2 = 269 yr), possess nearly ideal chemical and physical properties for studies of earth and environmental processes. Recent advances in Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA), a laser-based atom counting method...2014-01-01
3 Contraction integral equation method in three-dimensional electromagnetic modelingThe integral equation method has been proven to be an efficient tool to model threedimensional electromagnetic problems . Owing to the full linear system to be solved, the method has been considered effective only in the case of models consisting of a strongly limited number of cells. However, recen...2002-01-01
4 Quasi-analytical boundary condition for three-dimensional finite difference electromagnetic modelingNumerical modeling of the quasi-static electromagnetic (EM) field in the frequency domain in a three-dimensional (3-D) inhomogeneous medium is a very challenging problem in computational physics. We present a new approach to the finite difference (FD) solution of this problem. The FD discretization ...2004-01-01
5 Two-dimensional magnetotelluric inversion of blocky geoelectrical structuresThis paper demonstrates that there are alternative approaches to the magnetotelluric (MT) inverse problem solution based on different types of geoelectrical models. The traditional approach uses smooth models to describe the conductivity distribution in underground formations. In this paper, we pres...2002-01-01
6 Quasi-linear series in three-dimensional electromagnetic modelingWe have recently introduced a quasi-linear (QL) approximation for the solution of the three-dimension(a3l -D) electromagnetic modeling problem. In this paper we discuss an approach to improving its accuracy by considering the QL approximation so f the higher order. This approach can be considered th...1997-01-01
7 Three-dimensional quasi linear electromagnetic inversionOne of the most challenging problems of electromagnetic (EM) geophysical methods is developing three-dimension(a3l- D) EM inversion techniques. This problem is of utmost importance in practical applications because of the 3-D nature of the geological structures.T he main difficulties in 3-D inversio...1996-01-01
8 Trace elements in the hairStudy of uneven distribution of trace elements in elephant hair and compare the result with animal horns.2013
9 Air, ground, and groundwater recharge temperatures in an alpine setting, Brighton Basin, UtahNoble gases are useful tracers for constraining groundwater recharge temperature and elevation, critical in determining source areas of groundwater recharge in mountainous terrain. A monitoring network in the alpine Brighton Basin in the Wasatch Mountains of northern Utah, USA, was established to ex...2012-01-01
10 Discussion and reply: comments on "electromagnetic geophysics: notes from the past and the road ahead"The direct current and electromagnetic methods have been around for almost 180 years and have been applied successfully in mining, petroleum, geotechnical, engineering, environmental, groundwater, and tectonic studies. Over such a long period of time, it is possible to lose track of who the pioneers...2012-01-01
11 3D inversion of airborne electromagnetic dataTime-domain airborne surveys gather hundreds of thousands of multichannel, multicomponent samples. The volume of data and other complications have made 1D inversions and transforms the only viable method to interpret these data, in spite of their limitations. We have developed a practical methodolog...2012-01-01
12 Borehole temperatures and climate change: ground temperature change in south India over the past two centuriesVariations in surface g round temperature (SGT) at the Earth's surface diffuse downward in a predictable way causing systematic perturbations to the subsurface temperature field. The pioneering study of Lachenbruch and Marsh all [1986] in Alaska demonstrated that present-day borehole temperature-dep...2012-01-01
13 Geochemical variations in an alpine lake and watershed underlain by siliciclastic bedrock, Uinta Mountains, UtahA small watershed which includes several small lakes in the Uinta Mountains of northern Utah is underlain by monolithologic Precambrian siliciclastic rock with extremely limited buffering capacity. In spite of this, s\ stematic spatial and temporal variations in alkalinity, pH, and major elements oc...1998-01-01
14 Pleistocene rhyolite of the mineral mountains, Utah geothermal and archeological significance1978
15 Integral electric current method in 3-D electromagnetic modeling for large conductivity contrastAbstract-We introduce a new approach to 3-D electromagnetic (EM) modeling for models with large conductivity contrast. It is based on the equations for integral current within the cells of the discretization grid, instead of the electric field or electric current themselves, which are used in the c...Electromagnetic modeling; Integral electric current method; 3-D modeling; High conductivity contrast; Integral equations2007-05
16 Geological development of the Omo-Turkana Basin during the pliocene and pleistocene epochsPliocene and Pleistocene deposits of the Omo-Turkana Basin extend from 6?N latitude to about 2?N latitude (-450 km), and laterally from about 35.5?E to 36.5?E. Sediments are brought to the basin by the Omo River which rises in Ethiopia, and by the Turkwel and Kerio Rivers which rise in Kenya and Uga...2004
17 Observations on the stratigraphy and rediometric age of the omo beds, lower omo basin, southern EthiopiaDuring September and October, 1966, the author measured a stratigraphic section for a portion of the Omo Beds, as exposed north of Kalam, Ethiopia. Additional field observations were also made at the time in other parts of the lower Omo Basin. Samples were collected for analysis and for radiometric ...1969
18 Horizontal sediments of the lower Omo valley: the kibish formationThe existence of old lacustrine deposits in the Lake Rudolf Basin was first recognized by Hohnel et al. (1891 : 20f., 134) and subsequently confirmed by the work of M. Sacchi (Angelis and Millosevich, 1900) and E. Brumpt (Bourg de Bozas, 1903: 107ff.), Fuchs (1935, 1939), Champion (1937), and Aramb...1969
19 Origin of seismic reflectors within carbonate-rich sediments from northeastern Australian marginWe use continuous velocity records from 12 sites and continuous density records from 9 sites from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 133 to examine both direct and indirect controls on seismic reflectors and depth-to-time conversion for the northeastern Australian margin. In these carbonate-rich sedim...1993
20 Rigorous 3D inversion of marine CSEM data based on the integral equation methodMarine controlled-source electromagnetic (MCSEM) surveys have become an important part of offshore petroleum exploration. However, due to enormous computational difficulties with full 3D inversion, practical interpretation of MCSEM data is still a very challenging problem. We present a new approach ...2007
21 Three-dimensional quasi-linear electromagnetic modeling and inversionThe quasi-linear (QL) approximation replaces the (unknown) total field in the integral equation of electromagnetic (EM) scattering with a linear transformation of the primary field. This transformation involves the product of the primary field with a reflectivity tensor, which is assumed to vary slo...1999-01-01
22 Global warming - just hot air?We know from weather station records that Earth's surface temperature has increased on average by 0.6 degrees C in the last 100 years. The 1990s have been the warmest decade on record. Over the same period, global sea level has increased by 10-20 cm. We know also that planet Earth has an atmosphere ...Greenhouse Effect; Climate change1998
23 Velocity and density of carbonate-rich sediments from northeastern Australian margin: integration of core and log dataDuring Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 133, shipboard scientists obtained a remarkable quantity of both core and log measurements of the physical properties of carbonate-rich sediments. This suite of measurements provides a unique opportunity to evaluate the robustness of each measurement technique...1993
24 Resistivity/porosity/velocity relationships from downhole logs: an aid for evaluating pore morphologyRelationships between downhole resistivity/velocity logs and porosity styles, controlled by cementation/dissolution/recrystallization, are investigated using core and downhole logging data from the carbonate-rich sediments encountered during Leg 133 of the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), northeastern ...1993
25 Snow and the ground temperature record of climate changeBorehole temperature-depth profiles contain a record of surface ground temperature (SGT) changes with time and complement surface air temperature (SAT) analysis to infer climate change over multiple centuries. Ground temperatures are generally warmer than air temperatures due to solar radiation effe...Snow cover; Snow modeling; land/atmosphere interactions; Borehole climate reconstructions; Surface air temperature; Ground surface temperature; Borehole temperatures; Geothermal observations; Heat transfer2002
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