You've searched: Department: "Chemical Engineering" Collection: "ir_uspace"
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1 Sarofim, Adel F.Numerical combustion of aviation fuel part I: a cross-model comparison of n-heptane premixed flameFour different n-heptane mechanisms were used to simulate a fuel rich n-heptane premixed flame and their results were compared with experimental measurements. In addition to discussion of the numerical performance of each mechanism, flux analysis coupled with the atomic distribution technique was us...Aviation fuel; n-heptane; Premixed flame2003
2 Sutherland, James ClaytonA comparison of various models in predicting ignition delay in single-particle coal combustionIn this paper, individual coal particle combustion under laminar conditions is simulated using models with various levels of complexity for the particle and gas phase chemical kinetics. The mass, momentum and energy governing equations are fully coupled between the particle and the gas phase. In the...2014-01-01
3 Veranth, John M.; Pershing, David W.; Sarofim, Adel F.Sources of unburned carbon in the fly ash produced from low-NOx pulverized coal combustionThe unburned carbon in the fly ash produced from low-NOx pulverized coal combustion is shown to consist of a mixture of soot and coal char. The soot was identified by the presence of chains or aggregates of 10-50-nm-diameter primary particles in electron microscope images of both laboratory sample...Unburned carbon; Char1998
4 Pershing, David W.Bench and pilot scale process evaluation of reburning for in-furnace NOx reductionThis paper describes a combined experimental and theoretical study which was undertaken to quantify the impact of fuel and process parameters on reburning effectiveness and provide the scaling information required for commercial application of reburning under highly varied industrial conditions. Ini...Reburning; Nitrogen oxides reduction; Staged fuel injection1986
5 Stringfellow, Gerald B.; Shurtleff, James KevinHeterostructures in GaInP grown using a change in Te dopingIn organometallic vapor phase epitaxy, changes in growth conditions can be used to modulate the extent of CuPt ordering and, hence, the band gap energy of GaInP. One method is to add Te during growth. An increase in the band gap energy of 0.1 eV due to a decrease in ordering has been obtained by ...Heterostructures; Alloys2000
6 Smith, Philip J.Reduced-order PCA models for chemical reacting flowsOne of the most challenging aspects of turbulent combustion research is the development of reduced-order combustion models which can accurately reproduce the physics of the real system. The identification and utilization of the low dimensional manifolds in these system is paramount to understand and...2014-01-01
7 Eddings, Eric G.The potential of on-line optical flow measurement in the control and monitoring of pilot-scale oxy-coal flamesDigital image processing techniques oer a wide array of tools capable of extracting apparent displacement or velocity information from sequences of images of moving objects. Optical flow algorithms have been widely used in areas such as traffic monitoring and surveillance. The knowledge of instantan...2014-01-01
8 Pershing, David W.Control of NOx emissionsNITROGEN OXIDES (NOX) are produced in combustion from molecular nitrogen (thermal NOx) or from oxidation of nitrogen contained in the fuel (fuel NOx). Production of NOx in a turbulent diffusion flame is largely dependent upon fuel composition and fuel/air contacting, which for liquid fuels is determ...Staged heat release; Tunnel furnace; Boiler simulator; Staged combustion1980
9 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.Modeling benzene and naphthalene formation in a premixed propylene flameThe Utah Surrogate Mechanism was used to model a fuel-rich, non-sooting premixed laminar flame of propylene at 5000 Pa with an equivalence ratio of 2.32. The simulation results were found to be satisfactory in comparison with the experimental data. For example, the measured concentration profiles of...Utah Surrogate Mechanism; Propylene; Combustion modeling; Benzene formation; Naphthalene formation2005
10 Pershing, David W.; Wendt, Jost O. L.Pulverized coal combustion: the influence of flame temperature and coal composition on thermal and fuel NOxA laboratory combustor was used to investigate the factors that influence the conversion of fuel nitrogen in coal during coal combustion. Fuel NO was isolated by experimentation utilizing Argon / Oxygen / Carbon Dioxide mixtures as the oxidant, and care was taken to compare cases with air at matche...Fuel nitrogen; Flame temperature; Coal composition1977
11 Sarofim, Adel F.Simulation of soot formation using particle dynamics with one dimensional nucleation modeTwo soot formation models using particle dynamics with one-dimensional nucleation mode directly coupled with gas phase chemistry are tested on three ethylene and three methane laminar premixed flames. These models demonstrate strength in the prediction of concentration profiles of major combustion p...Soot formation models; Particle dynamics; One dimensional nucleation mode; Combustion chemistry2004
12 Lighty, Joann; Sarofim, Adel F.; Eddings, Eric G.Modeling the coagulation of charged particlesOne important mechanism in the growth of soot particles is to understand the role of particle charge in the coagulation of the particles. A previously developed model has been extended to include the coagulation of charged particles. The model includes neutral particles and charged particles (up to ...Charged particles; Flame ionization; Modeling2004
13 Pershing, David W.; Wendt, Jost O. L.Investigation of first- and second-stage variables on control of NOx emissions using staged combustion in a pulverized coal wall-fired furnaceRecent tests on an EPA 1- to 1.5 x 106 Btu/hr pilot-scale pulverized coal furnace show that N0X emissions of 100 ppm to 150 ppm (zero percent 02) are achievable with the use of two-stage combustion. Comparable N0X emission levels were obtained with three different coal types fired in either the sing...NOx; Carbon monoxide; Emissions1979
14 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.; Pershing, David W.Production of nitrogen oxide during char oxidation at pulverized coal combustion conditionsMore stringent regulations for NOx control in pulverized coal combustors have made the scientific community focus on sources of emissions that were traditionally considered less relevant to the overall NOx production. The oxidation to NO of the nitrogen that is organically bound to the char is one o...2001
15 Sarofim, Adel F.; Eddings, Eric G.Muiltifunctional fuel additives for reduced jet particlate emissionsUsing Government drawings, specifications, or other data included in this document for any purpose other than Government procurement does not in any way obligate the U.S. Government. The fact that the Government formulated or supplied the drawings, specifications, or other data does not license the ...2006
16 Sutherland, James Clayton; Kerstein, Alan R.; Chen, Jaqueline H.An evaluation of the one-dimensional turbulence model: comparison with direct numerical simulation of CO/H2 jets with extinction and reignitionAbstract A variant of the One-Dimensional Turbulence (ODT) model formulated in an Eulerian reference frame is applied to a planar nonpre mixed turbulent jet flame and results from the model prediction are compared with DNS data. The model employed herein solves the full set of conservation equation...2010
17 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.; Pugmire, Ronald J.Selection of surrogates for jet fuelsAbstract: A. detailed characterisation of JP fuels is provided based on literature data for the average of 55 worldwide and 4 US Jet-A fuels. These are complemented by NMR analysis of a JP-8 that provides the fractions of the carbon in the fuel that are present as protonated, bridgehead, and non-sub...Jet propulsion fuel; Surrogates; Simulations2008
18 Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.Experimental study of burning rate in jet-fuel pool firesExperiments were carried out in a 30 cm diameter pool fire, for both transient and steady-state conditions, utilizing jet fuel, Norpar-15, and a surrogate mixture of hydrocarbons that simulates jet-fuel behavior in a pool fire. Steady state pool fire tests match previous results well. The transient ...Pool fires; Jet propulsion fuel; Norpar-152004
19 Pershing, David W.Mechanisms of NOx formation and control: alternative and petroleum-derived liquid fuelsPetroleum-, coal- and shale-derived liquid fuels were burned in a downfired tunnel furnace to assess the impact of fuel properties on the formation and control of NOx emissions. A nitrogen-free oxidant mixture (Ar, C02 , 02) was used to isolate fuel NOx formation. Under excess air conditions fuel N...Exhaust emissions; Alternative fuels; Petroleum-derived liquid fuels1981
20 Sutherland, James ClaytonA filter-independent model identification technique for turbulent combustion modelingIn this paper, we address a method to reduce the number of species equations that must be solved via application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA). This technique provides a robust methodology to reduce the number of species equations by identifying correlations in state-space and defining new v...2012-01-01
21 Pershing, David W.Design and construction of a rotary kiln simulator for use in studying the incineration of hazardous wasteRotary kilns have been used extensively in the cement industry to calcine limestone. In the past few years, the technology has been viewed as a possible option for the incineration of hazardous waste materials, especially for the disposal of solid wastes and the cleanup of contaminated soils and tra...Rotary kilns; Hazardous waste; Waste burning1989-08
22 Lighty, Joann; Silcox, GeoffreyFundamentals of mercury oxidation in flue gasThis report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, ...2006
23 Sutherland, James ClaytonPrediction of oxy-coal flame stand-off using high-fidelity thermochemical models and the one-dimensional turbulence modelAn Eulerian one-dimensional turbulence (ODT) model is applied to simulate oxy-coal combustion, with specific aim at predicting flame stand-o distances. Detailed gas-phase chemical kinetics based on the GRI3.0 mechanism are utilized. A high-fidelity model for devolatilization is considered that predi...2014-01-01
24 Ring, Terry ArthurGrowth kinetics of hexagonal sub-micrometric β-tricalcium phosphate particles in ethylene glycolRecently, uniform, non-agglomerated, hexagonal b-tricalcium phosphate (b-TCP) platelets (diameter 400-1700 nm, h 100-200 nm) were obtained at fairly moderate temperatures (90-170 C) by precipitation in ethylene glycol. Unfortunately, the platelet aspect ratios (diameter/thickness) obtained in the ...2014-01-01
25 Eddings, Eric G.; Spinti, Jennifer C.; Smith, Philip J.Soot volume fraction from extinction in JP-8 and heptane pool firesTotal extinction measurements from a multiple beam experiment using a 10mW laser diode are presented and compared to calculate soot volume fraction in heavily sooting pool fires from a 150 mm diameter pan of Jet Propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) and heptane. Trends in attenuation are critiqued for the t...Pool fires; Jet propulsion fuel2005
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