You've searched: Department: "Bioengineering" Collection: "ir_uspace"
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1 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Ives, Jeffrey T.; Stockham, Thomas G.Automated film reader for DNA sequencing based on homomorphic deconvolutionAn automated reader for electrophoresis based DNA sequencing methods is described that provides fast and accurate sequence determination. Digitized sequencing lanes are processed with homomorphic blind deconvolution in preparation for peak detection, interlane alignment, peak refinement and base cal...Sequence Analysis; Electrophoresis; Automated Film Reader; Homomorphic Deconvolution1994
2 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Rapid single nucleotide polymorphism detection for personalized medicine applications using planar waveguide fluorescence sensorsPersonalized medicine is an emerging field in which clinical diagnostics information about a patient's genotype or phenotype is used to optimize his/her pharmacotherapy. This article evaluates whether planar waveguide fluorescent sensors are suitable for determining such information from patient tes...Personalized medicine; Planar waveguides; Fluorescence sensors; Evanescent excitation; Fluorescence; Hybridization; Molecular diagnostics; Peptide nucleic acid; Point of care; Single base extension; Single nucleotide polymorphism2006
3 Christensen, Douglas A.Computer-aided design of two-dimensional electric-type hyperthermia applicators using the finite-difference time-domain methodA hyperthermia applicator design tool consisting of a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) technique in combination with a graphical display of electric fields and normalized linear temperature rise is described. This technique calculates, rather than assumes, antenna current distributions; it incl...Finite-difference time-domain method; Hyperthermia applicator1991-09
4 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Tuohy, Therese M.Uninterrupted translation through putative 12-nucleotide coding gap in sequence of carA: business as usualPrevious work of others reported an untranslated stretch of 12 nucleotides in the 5' coding sequence of carA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, N-terminal protein sequencing of carA-lacZ translational fusions shows that these 12 nucleotides are normally translated in a continuous triplet manner, ...Base Sequence; Protein Biosynthesis; Sequence Deletion1994
5 Horch, Kenneth W.Selective activation of functional muscle groups through stimulation of spinal motor poolsA microelectrode was used to stimulate motor neurons in the lumbo-sacral spinal cord of adult cats. Consistent with spinal cord anatomical studies, we found that the motor neurons responsible for activation of individual muscle groups are situated together in specific areas of the cord, forming mot...Spinal motor pools1993
6 Christensen, Douglas A.Dispersion effects in fiber optic interferometryAn extended analysis of the effects of uncompensated fiber dispersion on the fringe visibility of a fiber optic interferometer is developed, with particular emphasis on stellar interferometry. Both material and waveguide dispersion for single-mode, polarization-preserving fibers are considered. It...Stellar interferometry; Fiber optics; Statistical optics1997
7 Christensen, Douglas A.Laser diode coherence length variation with drive current: a tool for dispersion measurementsA visible light (670nm) laser diode was used as a variable coherence length source to measure dispersion characteristics in single-mode fibers. The diode's spectral width, measured against increasing drive current, was found to change from about 16 nanometers to less than 0.2 nanometer. The corresp...Laser diode; Fiber interferometry1992
8 Gesteland, Raymond F.Processing of adenovirus 2-induced proteinsAnalysis of (35)S-methionine-labeled extracts of adenovirus 2-infected KB cells revealed 22 virus-induced polypeptide components. Most proteins of the virion were easily detected in extracts of whole cells labeled for short periods between 15 and 30 h after infection; however, several virion compone...Adenoviridae; Viral Proteins; Protein Precursors; Methionine; Mouth Neoplasms1973
9 Horch, Kenneth W.; Lawrence, Steve M.; Dhillon, Gurpreet S.Acute peripheral nerve recording characteristics of polymer-based longitudinal intrafascicular electrodesWe examined the recording characteristics of two different types of polymer-based longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (LIFEs) in peripheral nerve: single-stranded (s-polyLIFEs) and multistranded (m-polyLIFEs). Recordings were also made from Pt-Ir wire-based electrodes (PtIrLIFEs) as a control. T...Sciatic Nerve; Intrafascicular Electrodes, Peripheral Nerve Recording2004
10 Gesteland, Raymond F.Cell-free synthesis of herpes simplex virus proteinsPolyribosomes isolated from herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1)-infected cells have been used to program a eucaryotic cell-free translation system. At least 10 HSV-specific polypeptides, with apparent molecular weights of 25,000 to 160,000, are synthesized by wild-type HSV-infected polyribosomes. Po...Viral Proteins; Herpes Simplex; Peptide Biosynthesis; Thymidine Kinase1977
11 Christensen, Douglas A.FDTD modeling in the design of optical chemical sensor structuresThe finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD) is a numerical technique for solving Maxwell's equations in a discretized space and time frame. It has been used extensively in the analysis of electrically large structures in the microwave domain, but has only recently been applied to optical proble...Finite-difference time-domain method; Immunochemical fluorosensors; Planar waveguides1991
12 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.Origin and destiny of adenovirus proteinsLytic infection of human cells by adenovirus proceeds by a temporal expression of genes. Classically two phases have been defined: an early phase, which includes events occurring before the onset of DNA synthesis (8 hours), and a late phase, including events whose existence depends on the onset of...Protein Biosynthesis; DNA, Viral; Adenoviridae; RNA, Viral; Time Factors1975
13 Christensen, Douglas A.Planar waveguide biosensors for nucleic acid hybridization reactionsOligonucleotide probes derived from (1) the T3 RNA polymerase promoter sequence (T3) and (2) prostate-specific antigen messenger RNA (PSA) were prepared and labeled with a red-emitting fluorescent dye (Cy5). The complimentary oligonucleotides (anti T3 and anti PSA) were prepared and labeled with bio...Planar waveguides; Evanescence; Fluorescence; Glandular kallikrein; MDx; Molecular diagnostics; Nucleic acid; PSA; Oligonucleotide probes2000
14 Baehr, Wolfgang; Prestwich, Glenn D.Photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase delta subunit (PDEdelta) functions as a prenyl-binding proteinBovine PDEdelta was originally copurified with rod cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) and shown to interact with prenylated, carboxymethylated C-terminal Cys residues. Other studies showed that PDEdelta can interact with several small GTPases including Rab13, Ras, Rap, and Rho6, all of which are prenylate...Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; GTP Phosphohydrolases; Immunohistochemistry2004
15 Varner, Michael W.; Clark, Edward B.; Fernando, Kumari L.; Mathews, V. JohnRobust estimation of fetal heart rate variability using Doppler ultrasound.This paper presents a new measure of heart rate variability (HRV) that can be estimated using Doppler ultrasound techniques and is robust to variations in the angle of incidence of the ultrasound beam and the measurement noise. This measure employs the multiple signal characterization (MUSIC) algori...Prenatal Ultrasonography; Fetal Heart Rate; Blood Flow Velocity; Algorithms2003-08
16 Normann, Richard A.Oscillations in rod and horizontal cell membrane potential: evidence for feed-back to rods in the vertebrate retina1. Rods and horizontal cells were studied with intracellular recordings in the retina of the toad, Bufo marinus; 161 cells were from the eyecup preparation and thirty were from the isolated perfused retina. 2. Of these cells, 39% exhibited either transient or sustained oscillations of membrane poten...Retina; Photoreceptors; Toads; Adaptation, Ocular1976
17 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.Frameshifting in gene 10 of bacteriophage T7Gene 10 of bacteriophage T7, which encodes the most abundant capsid protein, has two products: a major product, 10A (36 kDa), and a minor product, 10B (41 kDa). 10B is produced by frameshifting into the -1 frame near the end of the 10A coding frame and is incorporated into the capsid. The frameshift...Frameshifting; Bacteriophage T7; RNA, Viral; Gene Expression1991
18 Angelucci, Alessandra; Lund, Jennifer S.Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
19 Horch, Kenneth W.Acoustic interneurons of fiddler and ghost crabsThe properties of acoustic interneurons in fiddler (Uca pugilalor and U. minax) and ghost (Ocvpade qucldrula) crabs are described, as revealed bv tests with pure tones. Three types of interneurons were present in all species: tonic, which fired for the duration of the stimulus; phasic, which fire...Acoustic crabs; Neural recording; Vibration reception1976
20 Horch, Kenneth W.Selective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb thorough electrical microstimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cordSelective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb by electrical stimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cord was investigated. Spinal cord segments L5 to S1 were mapped using a penetrating tungsten needle electrode. Locations that produced isolated contraction of quadriceps, ti...Functional electrical stimulation; Motor pools; Spinal chord stimulation2000
21 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Rapid clinical diagnostics assays using injection-molded planar waveguidesThe goal of our research program is to develop an evanescent wave immunoassay system that can be used in point-of-care and critical care settings. Several key attributes are required to accomplish this goal: (i) the assay system should be at least as sensitive as present day immunoassays; (ii) assay...Planar waveguides; Creatine phosphokinase MB (CK-MB); Cardiac troponin I (cTnl); Diagnostics; Evanescence; Fluorescence; Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)1998
22 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.; Huber, Robert J.; Horch, Kenneth W.Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
23 Horch, Kenneth W.On the number and nature of regenerating myelinated axons after lesions of cutaneous nerves in the cat1. Electrophysiological and anatomical techniques were used to investigate normal and regenerating sural and posterior femoral cutaneous nerve fibres in the cat. 2. One and a half years after transection of these nerves it was found that the regenerating neurones supported multiple sprouts in the...Nerve fibres; Transection; Nerve injury1981
24 Vardhan, AvantikaCharacterizing growth patterns in longitudinal MRI using image contrastUnderstanding the growth patterns of the early brain is crucial to the study of neuro-development. In the early stages of brain growth, a rapid sequence of biophysical and chemical processes take place. A crucial component of these processes, known as myelination, consists of the formation of a myel...2014-01-01
25 Horch, Kenneth W.Tracking changes in action potential shapes in chronic multi-unit intrafascicular recordings using neural network pattern recognition techniquesA novel scheme is proposed to train an Artificial Neural Network (A") classifier, on a repeated basis, in order to track temporal changes in the shapes of the action potentials recorded through chronically implanted intrafascicular electrodes. This scheme uses classification results of the ANN Clas...Intrafascicular electrodes; Artificial neural network1994
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