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1 Angelucci, Alessandra; Lund, Jennifer S.Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
2 Horch, Kenneth W.Acoustic interneurons of fiddler and ghost crabsThe properties of acoustic interneurons in fiddler (Uca pugilalor and U. minax) and ghost (Ocvpade qucldrula) crabs are described, as revealed bv tests with pure tones. Three types of interneurons were present in all species: tonic, which fired for the duration of the stimulus; phasic, which fire...Acoustic crabs; Neural recording; Vibration reception1976
3 Horch, Kenneth W.Selective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb thorough electrical microstimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cordSelective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb by electrical stimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cord was investigated. Spinal cord segments L5 to S1 were mapped using a penetrating tungsten needle electrode. Locations that produced isolated contraction of quadriceps, ti...Functional electrical stimulation; Motor pools; Spinal chord stimulation2000
4 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Rapid clinical diagnostics assays using injection-molded planar waveguidesThe goal of our research program is to develop an evanescent wave immunoassay system that can be used in point-of-care and critical care settings. Several key attributes are required to accomplish this goal: (i) the assay system should be at least as sensitive as present day immunoassays; (ii) assay...Planar waveguides; Creatine phosphokinase MB (CK-MB); Cardiac troponin I (cTnl); Diagnostics; Evanescence; Fluorescence; Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)1998
5 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.; Huber, Robert J.; Horch, Kenneth W.Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
6 Horch, Kenneth W.On the number and nature of regenerating myelinated axons after lesions of cutaneous nerves in the cat1. Electrophysiological and anatomical techniques were used to investigate normal and regenerating sural and posterior femoral cutaneous nerve fibres in the cat. 2. One and a half years after transection of these nerves it was found that the regenerating neurones supported multiple sprouts in the...Nerve fibres; Transection; Nerve injury1981
7 Normann, Richard A.Oscillations in rod and horizontal cell membrane potential: evidence for feed-back to rods in the vertebrate retina1. Rods and horizontal cells were studied with intracellular recordings in the retina of the toad, Bufo marinus; 161 cells were from the eyecup preparation and thirty were from the isolated perfused retina. 2. Of these cells, 39% exhibited either transient or sustained oscillations of membrane poten...Retina; Photoreceptors; Toads; Adaptation, Ocular1976
8 Macleod, Robert S.Sensitivity and specificity of substrate mapping: An in silico framework for the evaluation of electroanatomical substrate mapping strategiesBackground - Voltage mapping is an important tool for characterizing proarrhythmic electrophysiological substrate, yet it is subject to geometric factors that influence bipolar amplitudes and thus compromise performance. The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of catheter orientation on...2014-01-01
9 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound beam simulations in inhomogeneous tissue geometries using the hybrid angular spectrum methodThe angular spectrum method is a fast, accurate and computationally efficient method for modeling wave propagation. However, the traditional angular spectrum method assumes that the region of propagation has homogenous properties. In this paper, the angular spectrum method is extended to calculate u...2012-01-01
10 Gesteland, Raymond F.Processing of adenovirus 2-induced proteinsAnalysis of (35)S-methionine-labeled extracts of adenovirus 2-infected KB cells revealed 22 virus-induced polypeptide components. Most proteins of the virion were easily detected in extracts of whole cells labeled for short periods between 15 and 30 h after infection; however, several virion compone...Adenoviridae; Viral Proteins; Protein Precursors; Methionine; Mouth Neoplasms1973
11 Horch, Kenneth W.; Lawrence, Steve M.; Dhillon, Gurpreet S.Acute peripheral nerve recording characteristics of polymer-based longitudinal intrafascicular electrodesWe examined the recording characteristics of two different types of polymer-based longitudinal intrafascicular electrodes (LIFEs) in peripheral nerve: single-stranded (s-polyLIFEs) and multistranded (m-polyLIFEs). Recordings were also made from Pt-Ir wire-based electrodes (PtIrLIFEs) as a control. T...Sciatic Nerve; Intrafascicular Electrodes, Peripheral Nerve Recording2004
12 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Weiss, Robert B.Efficient shine- Dalgarno sequence but not translation is necessary for LacZ mRNA stability in Escherichia coliThe 5' ends of many bacterial transcripts are important in determining mRNA stability. A series of Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence changes showed that the complementarity of the SD sequence to the anti-SD sequence of 16S rRNA correlates with lacZ mRNA stability in Escherichia coli. Several initiation c...Protein Biosynthesis; Ribosomes; Escherichia coli; Shine-Dalgarno Sequence1994
13 Horch, Kenneth W.Classification of action potentials in multi unit intrafascicular recordings using neural network pattern recognition techniquesNeural network pattern-recognition techniques were applied to the problem of identifying the sources of action potentials in multi-unit neural recordings made from intrafascicular electrodes implanted in cats. The network was a three-layer connectionist machine that used digitized action potenti...Intrafascicular electrodes; Multi-unit neural activity; Artificial neural networks1994
14 Horch, Kenneth W.; Christensen, Douglas A.Accelerated 4-year bachelors/masters degree program in biomedical engineeringIn response to the need for providing advanced engineering education in a shorter time period than is currently possible by traditional curricula, we have created an Accelerated Dual Degree program in biomedical engineering. The purpose of this pilot program is to attract the brightest students, g...Accelerated dual-degree program2002
15 Horch, Kenneth W.Closed loop control of ankle position using muscle afferent feedback with functional neuromuscular stimulationThis paper describes a closed-loop functional neuromuscular stimulation system that uses afferent neural activity from muscle spindle fibers as feedback for controlling position of the ankle joint. Ankle extension against a load was effected by neural stimulation through a dual channel intrafasc...Neuromuscular stimulation; Functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS); Neural electrodes1996
16 Hendee, Shonn P.; Faour, Fouad A.; Christensen, Douglas A.; Patrick, Baharah; Durney, Carl H.; Blumenthal, Donald K.Effects of weak extremely low frequency magnetic fields on calcium/calmodulin interactions.Mechanisms by which weak electromagnetic fields may affect biological systems are of current interest because of their potential health effects. Lednev has proposed an ion parametric resonance hypothesis (Lednev, 1991, Bioelectromagnetics, 12:71-75), which predicts that when the ac, frequency of a c...Electromagnetic Fields; Calcium-binding Proteins; Lednev's Theory1996-06
17 Horch, Kenneth W.Proposed specifications for a lumbar spinal cord electrode array for control of lower extremities in paraplegiaThe goal of the study was to provide specifications for a stimulating electrode array to be implanted in the lumbosacral spinal cord as part of a functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) system for control of lower extremity muscles in paralyzed individuals. Dual channel stimulation of the qua...Stimulating electrode array; FNS; Functional neuromuscular stimulation1997
18 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound-enhanced localized chemotherapy of drug-sensitive and multidrug resistant tumorsA new modality of targeted tumor chemotherapy is based on the drug encapsulation in polymeric nanoparticles followed by a localized release at the tumor site triggered by focused ultrasound. Effect of 1 MHz and 3 MHz unfocused ultrasound applied locally to the tumor on the Doxorubicin (DOX) biodistr...Ultrasound-enhanced chemotherapy; Drug-resistant tumors; Biodistribution; Tumor sonication2006
19 Horch, Kenneth W.Mechanical testing of metallic and polymeric intrafascicular electrodesWe are exploring alternatives to Pt/Ir wire for constructing ultra-flexible neural intrafascicular electrodes suitable for chronic implantation. In this study we measured the flexural properties of several kinds of fine metal wires and conducting polymer fibers. The fibers were made either of in...Intrafascicular electrodes; Polymer fibers1994
20 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Baranov, Pavel V.P-site tRNA is a crucial initiator of ribosomal frameshiftingThe expression of some genes requires a high proportion of ribosomes to shift at a specific site into one of the two alternative frames. This utilized frameshifting provides a unique tool for studying reading frame control. Peptidyl-tRNA slippage has been invoked to explain many cases of programmed ...Translation; Recoding; Kinetic Model; Frameshifting; Ribosome2004
21 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Comparison of robust coupling techniques for planar waveguide immunosensorsWe have analyzed and fabricated two different coupling schemes to meet the requirements for a convenient means of coupling into a planar waveguide immunosensor that is relatively insensitive to beam alignment. These are the "launch" coupler and the grating coupler. Each possesses advantages and dis...Planar waveguide immunosensors; Fluorescence; Launch coupler; Grating coupler1993
22 Horch, Kenneth W.Differential activation of nerve fibers with magnetic stimulation in humansEarlier observations in our lab had indicated that large, time-varying magnetic fields could elicit action potentials that travel in only one direction in at least some of the myelinated axons in peripheral nerves. The objective of this study was to collect quantitative evidence for magnetically in...Magnetic stimulation; Peripheral nerve; Electromyographic potential; Somatosensory potential2006
23 Normann, Richard A.; Abbasi, Masoud; Johansson,TorbjornSilicon carbide enhanced thermomigrationThe widespread acceptance of thermomigration technology to produce through-chip interconnects has been impaired by (i) a random walk of the Si-Al liquid eutectic inclusion as it traverses the wafer, and (ii) a ?surface barrier? which allows thermomigration of only relatively large inclusions. In ...Silicon Dioxide; Thermometers; Transducers; Thermomigration Technology; Infrared Lamps1992
24 Christensen, Douglas A.Acoustic droplet vaporization, cavitation, and therapeutic properties of copolymer-stabilized perfluorocarbon nanoemulsionsAcoustic and therapeutic properties of Doxorubicin (DOX) and paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded perfluorocarbon nanoemulsions have been investigated in a mouse model of ovarian cancer. The nanoemulsions were stabilized by two biodegradable amphiphilic block copolymers that differed in the structure of the hydr...Cancer therapy; Targeted drug delivery; Nanobubbles; Ultrasound; Perfluoropentane2009
25 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound beam propagation using the hybrid angular spectrum methodWe introduce a fast and accurate numerical method for simulating the propagation of an ultrasound beam inside inhomogeneous tissue for mapping beam absorption, refraction and diffraction in the body. The technique, called the hybrid angular spectrum method, is an extension of the angular spectrum m...Ultrasound beam propagation; Medical ultrasound; Inhomogeneous tissue; Beam simulation2008-08
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