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1 Macleod, Robert S.Sensitivity and specificity of substrate mapping: An in silico framework for the evaluation of electroanatomical substrate mapping strategiesBackground - Voltage mapping is an important tool for characterizing proarrhythmic electrophysiological substrate, yet it is subject to geometric factors that influence bipolar amplitudes and thus compromise performance. The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of catheter orientation on...2014-01-01
2 Christensen, Douglas A.Ultrasound beam simulations in inhomogeneous tissue geometries using the hybrid angular spectrum methodThe angular spectrum method is a fast, accurate and computationally efficient method for modeling wave propagation. However, the traditional angular spectrum method assumes that the region of propagation has homogenous properties. In this paper, the angular spectrum method is extended to calculate u...2012-01-01
3 Jenson, Justin Michael; Bock, Susan C.Mitigating spinal cord injuryHow would your life change if you became one of the 15,000 Americans to suffer a spinal cord injury this year? Trauma to the spinal cord causes immediate loss of function below the level of the injury. Then, in the hours and days after the accident, the body's secondary injury response may extend ...Trapeze Interactive Poster2010-03-15
4 Collins, Zachary J.; Poelzing, StevenCharacterization of a four-camera ratiometric optical mapping systemElectrical activity precedes calcium mediated heart contractions. Optical mapping takes advantage of minimally invasive fluorescent molecular probes to image both electrical and calcium activity. These molecular probes allow for ratiometric imaging. We characterize a four camera system capable of...Optical mapping; Ratiometric imaging; Di-4-ANEPPS; Indo-1; Trapeze Interactive Poster2010-03-15
5 Angelucci, Alessandra; Lund, Jennifer S.Circuits for local and global signal integration in primary visual cortexContrast-dependent changes in spatial summation and contextual modulation of primary visual cortex (V1) neuron responses to stimulation of their receptive field reveal long-distance integration of visual signals within V1, well beyond the classical receptive field (cRF) of single neurons. To identif...Primary Visual Cortex; Extrastriate Cortex; Feed-back Connections; Lateral Connections; SUrround Modulation; Macaque2002-10-01
6 Horch, Kenneth W.Acoustic interneurons of fiddler and ghost crabsThe properties of acoustic interneurons in fiddler (Uca pugilalor and U. minax) and ghost (Ocvpade qucldrula) crabs are described, as revealed bv tests with pure tones. Three types of interneurons were present in all species: tonic, which fired for the duration of the stimulus; phasic, which fire...Acoustic crabs; Neural recording; Vibration reception1976
7 Horch, Kenneth W.Selective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb thorough electrical microstimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cordSelective activation of muscle groups in the feline hindlimb by electrical stimulation of the ventral lumbo-sacral spinal cord was investigated. Spinal cord segments L5 to S1 were mapped using a penetrating tungsten needle electrode. Locations that produced isolated contraction of quadriceps, ti...Functional electrical stimulation; Motor pools; Spinal chord stimulation2000
8 Christensen, Douglas A.; Herron, James N.Rapid clinical diagnostics assays using injection-molded planar waveguidesThe goal of our research program is to develop an evanescent wave immunoassay system that can be used in point-of-care and critical care settings. Several key attributes are required to accomplish this goal: (i) the assay system should be at least as sensitive as present day immunoassays; (ii) assay...Planar waveguides; Creatine phosphokinase MB (CK-MB); Cardiac troponin I (cTnl); Diagnostics; Evanescence; Fluorescence; Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)1998
9 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.; Huber, Robert J.; Horch, Kenneth W.Silicon-based, three-dimensional neural interface: manufacturing processes for an intracortical electrode arrayA method has been developed for the manufacture of a "three-dimensional" electrode array geometry for chronic intracortical stimulation. This silicon based array consists of a 4.2 x 4.2 x 0.12 mm thick monocrystalline substrate, from which project 100 conductive, silicon needles sharpened to facilit...Electric Stimulation; Electrodes, Implanted; Sensory Cortex; Intracortical Electrode Array1991
10 Horch, Kenneth W.On the number and nature of regenerating myelinated axons after lesions of cutaneous nerves in the cat1. Electrophysiological and anatomical techniques were used to investigate normal and regenerating sural and posterior femoral cutaneous nerve fibres in the cat. 2. One and a half years after transection of these nerves it was found that the regenerating neurones supported multiple sprouts in the...Nerve fibres; Transection; Nerve injury1981
11 Christensen, Douglas A.Planar waveguide biosensors for nucleic acid hybridization reactionsOligonucleotide probes derived from (1) the T3 RNA polymerase promoter sequence (T3) and (2) prostate-specific antigen messenger RNA (PSA) were prepared and labeled with a red-emitting fluorescent dye (Cy5). The complimentary oligonucleotides (anti T3 and anti PSA) were prepared and labeled with bio...Planar waveguides; Evanescence; Fluorescence; Glandular kallikrein; MDx; Molecular diagnostics; Nucleic acid; PSA; Oligonucleotide probes2000
12 Baehr, Wolfgang; Prestwich, Glenn D.Photoreceptor cGMP phosphodiesterase delta subunit (PDEdelta) functions as a prenyl-binding proteinBovine PDEdelta was originally copurified with rod cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) and shown to interact with prenylated, carboxymethylated C-terminal Cys residues. Other studies showed that PDEdelta can interact with several small GTPases including Rab13, Ras, Rap, and Rho6, all of which are prenylate...Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; GTP Phosphohydrolases; Immunohistochemistry2004
13 Horch, Kenneth W.Changes in primary afferent depolarization of sensory neurones during peripheral nerve regeneration in the catI. Micro-electrode recordings were made from normal and regenerating sural nerve fibres in cats. Increases in the excitability of the central terminals of these fibres after conditioning stimulation of other sural nerve fibres were taken as evidence for primary afferent depolarization. 2. At all...Micro-electrode recording; Nerve regeneration; Primary afferent depolarization1981
14 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Atkins, John F.; Ingram, Jennifer A.; Kelly, Paul J.; Grentzmann, GuidoDual-luciferase reporter system for studying recoding signalsA new reporter system has been developed for measuring translation coupling efficiency of recoding mechanisms such as frameshifting or readthrough. A recoding test sequence is cloned in between the renilla and firefly luciferase reporter genes and the two luciferase activities are subsequently measu...Amino Acid Sequence; Genes, Reporter; HIV; Antizyme; Translation1998
15 Horch, Kenneth W.; Tuckett, Robert P.; Burgess, Paul RichardNeural signal for skin indentation depth. I. Changing indentationsPsychophysical tests on human subjects showed that judgments of skin indentation depth made when the fingertip was indented at rates from 0.2 to 16 mm/set were quite insensitive to changes in indentation velocity. Similar results were obtained on the forearm at indentation velocities of 0.4 to 16...Skin; Indentation; Nerve impulses1983
16 Christensen, Douglas A.General formulation for connecting sources and passive lumped-circuit elements across multiple 3-D FDTD cellsA previous extension of the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method to include lumped-circuit elements is further extended to model lumped-element circuits connected across multiple FDTD cells. This formulation is needed to model many kinds of circuits, like those with a transistor or other ac...Finite-difference time-domain method; Lumped-element circuit; Dielectric; Microstrip1996-02
17 Normann, Richard A.; Campbell, Patrick K.; Jones, Kelly E.100 electrode intracortical array: structural variabilityA technique has been developed for fabricating three dimensional "hair brush" electrode arrays from monocrystalline silicon blocks. Arrays consist of a square pattern of 100 penetrating electrodes, with 400 microns interelectrode spacing. Each electrode is 1.5mm in length and tapers from about 100 m...Microelectrode arrays; Stimulation; Micromachining1990
18 Horch, Kenneth W.; Tuckett, Robert P.; Burgess, Paul RichardNeural signal for skin indentation depth. II. Steady indentationsThe glabrous skin of the monkey's hand was stimulated with a waveform that indented the skin at a rate of 0.4 mm/set, held the skin steadily or nearly steadily indented for 12 set or longer, and then retracted back to the starting position. Recordings were made of activity in single afferent fibe...Skin; Indentation; Nerve impulses1983
19 Normann, Richard A.; Horch, Kenneth W.; Cha, KichulMobility performance with a pixelized vision systemA visual prosthesis, based on electrical stimulation of the visual cortex, has been suggested as a means for partially restoring functional vision in the blind. The prosthesis would create a pixelized visual sense consisting of punctate spots of light (phosphenes). The present study investigated the...Visual Prosthesis; Mobility; Phosphene Simulator1992
20 Horch, Kenneth W.; Christensen, Douglas A.Accelerated 4-year bachelors/masters degree program in biomedical engineeringIn response to the need for providing advanced engineering education in a shorter time period than is currently possible by traditional curricula, we have created an Accelerated Dual Degree program in biomedical engineering. The purpose of this pilot program is to attract the brightest students, g...Accelerated; Dual-degrees; Education2002
21 Christensen, Douglas A.Bringing an integrative modeling experience to a freshman biomedical engineering courseAs an integrating lab experience in our Fundamentals of Bioengineering freshman course, we have included a Major Project that ties together many of the principles of biomechanics and bioelectricity covered in the lecture. It uses the human systemic cardiovascular system as a model. During the first...Matlab2004
22 Christensen, Douglas A.Finite-difference time-domain modeling and experimental characterization of planar waveguide fluorescence sensorsThe finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD) is a powerful numerical technique for solving Maxwell's equations in a discretized space and time grid. Its applications have up to now been in the analysis of electrically large structures in the microwave domain, and the scope of investigations has b...Finite-difference time-domain method; Planar waveguide1992
23 Gesteland, Raymond F.; Weiss, Robert B.Efficient shine- Dalgarno sequence but not translation is necessary for LacZ mRNA stability in Escherichia coliThe 5' ends of many bacterial transcripts are important in determining mRNA stability. A series of Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence changes showed that the complementarity of the SD sequence to the anti-SD sequence of 16S rRNA correlates with lacZ mRNA stability in Escherichia coli. Several initiation c...Protein Biosynthesis; Ribosomes; Escherichia coli; Shine-Dalgarno Sequence1994
24 Horch, Kenneth W.Information extraction from peripheral nervesThis work is directed toward providing better rehabilitation for people suffering from somatosensory loss and paralysis due to spinal cord injury, head trauma, or stroke. The goal of this project is to demonstrate that information suitable for controlling prosthetic devices, modulating functional el...Peripheral nerve; Neural recordings; Intrafascicular electrodes1991
25 Gesteland, Raymond F.Pattern of protein synthesis in monkey cells infected by simian virus 40After infection of several permanent monkey cell lines by simian virus 40 (SV40), four additional protein bands can be detected by simple sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of whole-cell extracts. These bands appear only after the onset of viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) syn...Monkeys; Simian virus 40; Peptides; DNA, Viral/biosynthesis1972
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