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1 Cataract SurgeryLaura L. Hanson, MD, Cincinnati Eye Institute, Cincinnati, OHA narrated slide presentation on the basics of cataract surgery.
2 Principles of Strabismus SurgeryMichael B. Yang, MD, Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati, College of MedicineA video demonstrating a medial rectus recession.
3 Botulinum Toxin and MigraineBenjamin Frishberg, MD, FAAN, FNANOSA video describing the use of botulinum toxin (Botox) for the treatment of migraine.
4 Bilateral acquired Brown's syndromeRyan D. Walsh, MDDepartment of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin; Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin; Collin McClelland, MDDepartments of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.A 27 year old female with a history of Sjogren's syndrome reported a 2 year history of a vertical binocular diplopia with looking up-and-to-the right. She has also noticed an audible "click" when positioning her eyes in this direction. As depicted in the video, when attempting to look up-and-to-the...
5 Lumbar PunctureJamison Hofer, DO, Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center; Sachin Kedar, MD, Associate Professor in Neurology and Ophthalmology, University of Nebraska Medical CenterExplanation of lumbar puncture procedure.
6 Pupils_Light_Near_DissociationKarl C. Golnik, MD, Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology & Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati & The Cincinnati Eye InstituteThis narrated presentations describes light near dissociation.
7 Apraxia of Eyelid OpeningRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitPatient has Parkinson disease and has developed this condition following deep brain stimulation.
8 Cogan's Lid Twitch SignRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitCogan's lid twitch sign is a twitch sign of he upper lid upon looking straight from a sustained downgaze position. It is associated with Ocular Myasthenia Gavis.
9 Congenital Oculomotor ApraxiaRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitCongenital Ocular Motor Apraxia is an uncommon condition that causes children to have difficulty moving their eyes horizontally or from side to side. They are usually unable to quickly move their eyes from side to side and often have to turn their head (head jerking) and not just their eyes to track...
10 Parinaud SyndromeRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitParinaud syndrome, as called dorsal midbrain syndrome, is due to dorsal midbrain lesions from compression (e.g., a tumor), demyelination, or ischemia. The syndrome is characterized by limitation of upward gaze, convergence retraction nystagmus, light near dissociation, and lid retraction (Collier's ...
11 Downbeat Nystagmus Anti-GAD Cerebellar SyndromeRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitA patient with Anti-GAD positive Cerebellar syndrome with ataxia and opsoclonus due to downbeat nystagmus , treated with Baclofen with some improvement.
12 Marcus Gun Jaw WinkingRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitMarcus Gunn Jaw Wink causes congenital ptosis and eyelid retraction associated with jaw movement or sucking. It's due to "miswiring" between 3rd and 5th cranial nerves. The treatment of ptosis in children is surgery to prevent amblyopia .
13 Ocular NeuromyotoniaRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitOcular Neuromytonia is a characterised by by paroxysmal tonic contraction of the extraocular muscles supplied by the oculomotor nerve. It is has been reported after cranial radiation therapy, especially to the sellar-parasellar region and from compressive lesions such tumours or aneurysms. The patho...
14 Oculopalatal TremorRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitThis is a usually vertical, pendular nystagmus associated with synchronous rhythmic movement of the palate, developing months after a severe brain stem stroke. The stroke involves the dentato-rubro-olivary tract (Mollaret's triangle). MRI can show hypertrophy of the inferior olivary nucleus in the m...
15 Optic Nerve Sheath FenestrationRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitOptic nerve sheath fenestration is performed to manage papilledema causing progressive loss of vision , due to raised intracranial pressure from Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension or Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis. The procedure is usually performed in cases of severe visual field loss or when m...
16 Periodic Alternating NystagmusRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitPAN is a nystagamus characterized by a cycle of uniderectional jerk nystagamus for 60-90 sec , a pause for 10-20 sec and a a cycle of a jerk nystagmus in the opposite direction for 60-90 sec. It is found in brain stem and cerebellar conditions as well as ocular albinism ( as in this patient).
17 Pulsating ExophthalmosRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitThis patient had brain surgery with bone removal resulted in transmission of CSF pulsation into the orbit and pulsating exophthalmos. This sign can also be seen in patient with neurofibromatosis with hypoplasia of the sphenoid wing bone.
18 Square Wave Jerks with ContrapulsionRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitA patient with history of brain stem stroke 2 months ago (right hemifacial anesthesia , left sided weakness and bulbar symptoms dysphagia) comes complaining of oscillipsia , binocular vertical diplopia). On exam he had a vertical tropia of 3-4 PD (Skew deviation), dissociated nystagmus , and saccadi...
19 See-Saw NystagmusRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitSee-saw nystagmus is a localizing nystagmus to lesions of the sellar and parasellar region. "It's characterized by synchronous elevation and intorsion of one eye and depression and extorsion of the contra lateral eye . This patent has a craniopharyngioma, which was operated twice, optic atrophy and ...
20 See-Saw NystagmusRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitThis nystagmus localizes to lesions supra/parasellar region (Large sellar and hypothalamic lesion) and is characterized by a see saw movement of elevation/intorsion of one eye and depression/extorsion of the other eye in a pendular fashion. This patient had a large pituitary macro-adenoma with supra...
21 Upbeat NystagmusRaed Behbehani, MD, Al-Bahar Ophthalmology Center, Kuwait City, KuwaitA patient with a brain stem syndrome due to demyelination and upbeat nystagmus.
22 OJS Reviewer TutorialA. RoylanceTutorial for testing new OJS system for reviews of NOVEL submissions.
23 OJS Author TutorialA. RoylanceTutorial for testing new OJS system for reviews of NOVEL submissions.
24 Introduction to Neurological ImagingDevin Mackay, MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology, Director of Neuro-ophthalmology, Indiana UniversityIntroduction to the techniques of neurological imaging examination.
25 Optic Tract Syndrome Secondary to Lacunar InfarctionJustin J. Grassmeyer PhD, Truhlsen Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; Kenan Xiao MD, Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; Jason T. Helvey MD, Department of Radio...Lesions of the optic tract produce a characteristic triad of clinical findings: contralateral homonymous hemianopia, contralateral relative afferent pupillary defect, and bilateral optic disc atrophy. This case describes clinical features, radiological findings, and optical imaging characteristics f...
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