Preschool assessment of attachment: construct validity in a sample of depressed and nondepressed families.

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Social & Behavioral Science
Department Psychology
Creator Gelfand, Donna M.
Title Preschool assessment of attachment: construct validity in a sample of depressed and nondepressed families.
Date 1997-07
Description Construct validity of the newly developed Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) was examined in a sample of depressed and nondepressed mothers and their preschoolers, focusing on attachment related differences in children's general caregiving environments, maternal psychosocial functioning, and child behavior during interactions with mother. Mothers of secure children were more emotionally and verbally responsive to their children than were mothers of insecure children, and secure children were emotionally more positive to their mothers than were insecure children. Mothers of secure children also reported higher levels of social supports than did mothers of insecure children. Finally, dyads with children who lacked unitary, coherent attachment strategies (i.e., anxious depressed, defended/coercive, and insecure other) showed the worst functioning in all domains relative to all other attachment groups. Similar but slightly less robust findings were obtained with socioeconomic variables statistically controlled. These results lend support to the PAA as a valid system for the conceptualization and measurement of quality of attachment among preschoolers. Future research applications with the PAA are discussed.
Type Text
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Volume 9
First Page 517
Last Page 536
Subject Preschoolers; Families; Maternal, psychosocial functioning; Mothers; Children, caregiving; Attachment
Subject LCSH Family; Preschool children
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation The Preschool Assessment of Attachment: construct validity in a same of depressed and nondepressed families. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 517-36.
Rights Management (c) 1997 Cambridge University Press
Format Medium application/pdf
Identifier ir-main,397
ARK ark:/87278/s6gq7g84
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2021-05-06
ID 705955
Reference URL
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