Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental Margin

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Mines & Earth Sciences
Department Geology & Geophysics
Creator Jarrard, Richard D.
Other Author Golovchenko, Xenia; O'Connell, Suzanne B.
Title Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental Margin
Date 1990
Description The first well logs collected below the Antarctic circle were obtained during Leg 113 at Site 693 on the Dronning Maud Land Margin (Antarctica) in the Weddell Sea. Gamma-ray, resistivity, and sonic logs were collected between 108.0 and 439.0 mbsf. The downhole logs show good agreement with the data collected from cores and provide a continuous measurement of the sedimentary record. These continuous log records show that the rather uniform Tertiary lithology seen in cores is characterized by high-frequency variability in the log data. Several thin hard streaks are identified, the largest of which coincides with a major Miocene hiatus. Associated with this hiatus is a change to lower illite content (and correspondingly lower gamma-ray counts) and to a significant increase in diatom content. Spectral analysis of the logs was performed on the lower Pliocene through upper Oligocene interval (108.0-343.0 mbsf). Between 108.0 and 245.0 mbsf, average sedimentation rates (50 and 26 m/m.y.) are high enough to show that variance is present in the orbital eccentricity ( ? 95 k.y.) and obliquity ( ? 41 k.y.) bands. Between 253.0 and 343.0 mbsf, the sedimentation rate (8 m/m.y.) is too low to resolve high frequency variations. The Milankovitch frequencies are best developed in the resistivity logs. Resistivity is responding to changes in porosity, which in these sediments is controlled by the abundance of biosiliceous sediments, particularly diatoms. The orbital forcing suggested by the Milankovitch frequencies may be influencing diatom productivity by inducing oscillations in upwelling, ice coverage, pack ice, and/or polynya. Although variations in diatom abundance were observed in the cores, they were not attributed to a Milankovitch signal, and therefore in this environment, downhole logs are an important contribution to the detection and understanding of orbitally influenced changes in sedimentation.
Type Text
Publisher Ocean Drilling Program
Volume 113
First Page 239
Last Page 251
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Golovchenko, X., OConnell, S. B., & Jarrard, R. D. (1990). Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental Margin. Scientific Results, ODP. 113, 239-51.
Rights Management ©Ocean Drilling Program, Reprinted from Golovchenko, X., OConnell, S. B., & Jarrard, R. D. (1990). Sedimentary response to paleoclimate from downhole logs at Site 693, Antarctic Continental Margin. Scientific Results, ODP. 113, 239-51
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CONTENTdm URL http://cdmbuntu.lib.utah.edu/cdm/ref/collection/uspace/id/575
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