Residential location, transportation, and welfare-to-work in the United States: a case study of Milwaukee

Update item information
Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Architecture & Planning
Department Architecture
Creator Sanchez, Thomas W.
Other Author Shen, Qing
Title Residential location, transportation, and welfare-to-work in the United States: a case study of Milwaukee
Date 2006
Description This article addresses two questions about spatial barriers to welfare-to-work transition in the United States. First, what residential and transportation adjustments do welfare recipients tend to make as they try to become economically self-sufficient? Second, do these adjustments actually increase the probability that they will become employed? Analysis of 1997-2000 panel data on housing location and automobile ownership for Milwaukee welfare recipients reveals two tendencies: (1) to relocate to neighborhoods with less poverty and more racial integration and (2) to obtain a car. Results from binary logit models indicate that residential relocation and car ownership both increase the likelihood that welfare recipients will become employed. These findings suggest that policies should aim to facilitate residential mobility for low-income families and improve their neighborhoods, rather than simply move them closer to job opportunities. The findings also suggest a critical role for transportation policy in reducing unemployment.
Type Text
Publisher Metropolitan Institute at Virginia Tech
Volume 16
Issue 04-Mar
First Page 393
Last Page 431
Subject Employment issues; Neighborhood; Transportation
Subject LCSH Welfare recipients; Employment; Housing
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Sanchez, T. W., & Shen, Q. (2006). Residential location, transportation, and welfare-to-work in the United States: a case study of Milwaukee. Housing Policy Debate, 16(3/4), 393-431.
Rights Management (c)Metropolitan Institute at Virginia Tech
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 359,813 Bytes
Identifier ir-main,4007
ARK ark:/87278/s60s06hn
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2012-06-13
ID 702664
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s60s06hn
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