Relationship of task and ego orientation to performance: cognitive content, affect, and attributions in bowling

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Publication Type Journal Article
School or College College of Health
Department Exercise & Sport Science
Creator Newton, Maria
Other Author Duda, J. L.
Title Relationship of task and ego orientation to performance: cognitive content, affect, and attributions in bowling
Date 1993
Description The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship of individual differences in goal orientation to mid-activity cognitive content and affect and post-performance attributions across three games of bowling. Forty-seven undergraduate students enrolled in bowling activity classes were recruited as subjects and asked to play a standard 10-frame bowling game in a learning focused environment on three different days. The subjects' dispositional proneness toward task and ego involvement was measured by the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire. Cognitive content, affect, and performance attributions were assessed by a self-report questionnaire. The results suggested that the students' cognitive and affective patterns during and following performance tended to vary as a function of the goal perspective. Task orientation negatively correlated with performance worry (Game 2) and positively related to enjoyment (Game 3). Ego orientation correlated negatively with strategy formulation (Game 3). For Game 1, task orientation positively correlated with the perception that effort most impacted performance, while ego orientation correlated positively with the belief that ability most influenced performance. Future research directions and the practical significance of the results are discussed.
Type Text
Publisher Journal of Sport Psychology
First Page 209
Last Page 220
Subject Goal-directed behavior; Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire; Sport psychology
Subject LCSH Action theory; Bowling; Sports sciences
Language eng
Bibliographic Citation Newton, M., & Duda, J. L. (1993). Relationship of task and ego orientation to performance: cognitive content, affect, and attributions in bowling. Journal of Sport Behavior, 16, 209-20.
Format Medium application/pdf
Format Extent 677,846 Bytes
Identifier ir-main,1433
ARK ark:/87278/s6sq9hfb
Setname ir_uspace
Date Created 2012-06-13
Date Modified 2012-06-13
ID 702362
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6sq9hfb
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