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Title Effects of Oxygen Enrichment on the Performance of Air Fuel Burners
Creator Joshi, S. V.; Becker, J. S.; Lytle, G. C.
Publisher Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
Date 1986
Spatial Coverage presented at Chicago, Illinois
Abstract Oxygen has been used in heating, melting, and refining applications for many years. Until recently, oxygen was used to either improve furnace productivity or to extend furnace campaigns. Due to high energy costs, oxygen enrichment today is gaining acceptance as a method of energy conservation and cost reduction. The use of oxygen in combustion results in higher flame temperature, higher available heat, lower flue losses, lower flue gas volume, increased production rates, and higher energy efficiencies. The three accepted techniques of introducing oxygen into a furnace are: (1) mixing with combustion air, (2) lancing, and (3) with burners that are designed to combust fuel with pure oxygen. The choice of a particular technique depends upon the furnace type, the balance between the capital costs and expected benefits, and operating considerations. The first two options require less capital investment compared to the last, but are somewhat limited in the amount of oxygen they can use efficiently. Establishment of design criteria for oxygen capable burners and evaluation of the use of oxygen under industrial conditions are subjects of an on-going research project sponsored by the Gas Research Institute. This paper reports on the effects of oxygen enrichment on the performance of off-the-shelf air-fuel burners. In the tests, oxygen was mixed with combustion air to achieve oxygen concentrations up to 35%. The tests were conducted under controlled high temperature conditions in a refractory-lined water-cooled chamber at firing rates up to 3.75 MH BTU/hour. The reported data include refractory temperature profiles, gas temperature profiles, burner temperatures, burner pressures, and various 165 gas analyses. The data span the entire operating range of the burners. Many standard air-fuel burners are capable of operating with 25~ oxygen in combustion air. At higher oxygen concentrations, their performance is limited by short flame lengths, high flame temperatures, and the original materials of construction. Conclusions regarding maximum enrichment levels, turndown, emissions, etc., are derived based on the data for each type of air-fuel burner. These are expected to lead to a more efficient use of oxygen enriched air, and to better burner designs capable of using air streams containing high oxygen concentrations.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights This material may be protected by copyright. Permission required for use in any form. For further information please contact the American Flame Research Committee.
Conversion Specifications Original scanned with Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II, 16.7 megapixel digital camera and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed TIFF, 16 bit depth.
Scanning Technician Cliodhna Davis
Metadata Cataloger Kendra Yates
ARK ark:/87278/s6pn986p
Setname uu_afrc
Date Created 2012-04-20
Date Modified 2012-08-02
ID 3650
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6pn986p

Page Metadata

Title Page 2
Format application/pdf
OCR Text Show
Setname uu_afrc
Date Created 2012-04-20
Date Modified 2012-04-20
ID 3645
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6pn986p/3645