Page 13

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Title I don't know ... yet
Subject Medicine--Philosophy
Description The 44th Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator Peterson, Chase N.
Publisher Frederick William Reynolds Association
Date 1981-02-11
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier http://content.lib.utah.edu/u?/reynolds,1200
Source R723 .P44
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "I don't know ... yet," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6sb43q8
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-08-04
ID 320459
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6sb43q8

Page Metadata

Title Page 13
Description I DONT KNOW . . . YET 13 paradoxically result in unjustified fear and insecurity with respect to one's natural health at the very time they claim to promote "naturalness." What do we know about the results of lay midwifery? It is still safer to deliver in a hospital than at home where lay midwifery is practiced. Iowa showed 18 vs. 63 neonatal deaths (deaths at birth and in first month) per 1.000, hospital vs. home delivery; Hawaii 10 vs. 35; Oregon 10 vs. 17: Oklahoma 20 vs. 52; Michigan 11 vs. 43: and Kansas 20 vs. 103. â€" In Utah, it is estimated that there is a 50 percent increased hazzard to home delivery, but an unknown number of complications may never be reported.23 The question is not whether an isolated herb is good or a lav midwife sincere, but rather what are the data? The danger to the herbalist and the user of the lay-midwife is in the uncritical acceptance of untested answers to ill-defined needs, and in the extreme, to passive acceptance of unrecognized harmful and sometimes fatal side effects. LaDean Griffin argues, "Those who use the herbs simply say regarding the concept, 'It works'."24 Sincerity is confused for wisdom. The owner of Traditional Tea Co., Inc. (an herbal tea company) reports more rationally but with no more comfort to a potential consumer that, "We are not Johnson and Johnson who can study a compound for five years and then come out with findings."25 But what does constitute proof? It is difficult to establish. The standard experiment in medicine requires double-blind procedures and statistical power. By that we mean that neither the patient nor the doctor can be aware of which patient is receiving an active ingredient and which is receiving a control inert ingredient. If the investigator knows which patient is being treated, he is all too prone to be the victim of selective perception and distortion of observation. If the patient knows he or she is being treated, or thinks it to be the case, the act of involvement in the therapeutic process frequentlv produces temporary symptoms unrelated to the test agent. Dr. Jean Meyer, President of Tufts University, tells a fluoride story in his town of Sudbury, Massachusetts. The town voted to put fluoride in the water and within weeks there was a great uproar to stop it because of an apparent epidemic of headaches, hair loss, dyspepsia, miscarriages, cancer, and general nastiness. As a scientist and Selectman, Dr. Meyer was then able to report that the fluoride pump had, in fact, not yet been installed and there had been no fluoride added to the water. The misperceptions of epidemics abruptly subsided!26 In addition to the value of double-blind studies, the statistical power of an experiment must also be sufficient, otherwise, the
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 019-RNLT-PetersonCN_Page 13.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: I don't know ... yet by Chase N. Peterson.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320453
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6sb43q8/320453