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Title Sex and consequences: world population growth vs. reproductive rights?
Subject Birth control--Moral and ethical aspects; Population policy; Contraception
Description The 54th Annual Frederick Reynolds Lecture
Creator Battin, M. Pabst
Publisher Division of Continuing Education, University of Utah
Date 1994-05-25
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier,830
Source HQ766.2 B38 1994
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Sex and consequences," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6b85633
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-08-04
ID 320093
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Page 13
Description not immediately reversible or reversible at all, they do not exhibit all the features of the true "automatic" contraceptive. These two true automatic technologies, the intrauterine device and the subdermal implant, are both associated with side effects involving spotting and bleeding. But both exhibit high efficacy and safetyâ€"up to 200 times the contraceptive efficacy of the condom. Indeed, of the modern contraceptive technologies now on the market, all are safer than pregnancyâ€"that is, fewer women will die from using them than would die of pregnancy-related causes, a risk which is quite low in this country but in some developing countries is as high as 1:20. There have been no fatalities at all with the subdermal implants. In terms of risk to life, a woman is almost always safer contracepting than not doing so. Now notice the difference between the traditional short-acting, "time-of-need" methods and the two truly automatic ones: with the traditional methods pregnancy remains the normal outcome of sexual intercourse, and one must employ the device at or near the time of sexual exposure to prevent it; with the automatic methods, however, the user need do nothing to prevent pregnancy, but must do something to make it possible to become pregnantâ€"namely, have the device removed or neutralized. This is what informs the metaphor of "reversing the default mechanism": it changes what happens if one does nothing to interfere. Just as the word-processing program I use in my computer has a default setting for single space, and thus will single-space unless I direct it to do something else, so human biology's default is set so thatâ€"given fertility and an active sex driveâ€"pregnancy is likely to occur unless one takes steps to have it do something else. But just as I can reset my word-processing program to double rather than single space, so these "automatic" forms of contraception in effect reset human biology not to result in pregnancy unless steps are taken to change it. And it does so in a specific way: it inserts an extra level of choice-making, to be followed by the action of having the device removed, into the reproductive process. With these technologies, it becomes the normal state of affairs that sexual intercourse does not result in preg- . nancy. For it to do so requires an additional, positive act. ...13...
Format application/pdf
Identifier 014-RNLT-BattinMP_Page 13.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Sex & consequences : world population growth vs. reproductive rights? by Margaret P. Battin.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320078
Reference URL